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Recent Articles

Purple urine bag syndrome: case report

Felipe Poubel Timm do Carmo ORCID logo , Alexandre Oliosi Caliman ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2020RC5063

ABSTRACT A 65-year-old male with a history of urinary tract trauma requiring cystotomy and chronic bladder catheterization, presenting with chronic and uninvestigated changes in the color of the urine bag system, with no urine color change, and positive urine culture for Proteus mirabilis . These characteristics refer to the purple urine bag syndrome, a not weel-known condition, with a benign course in most cases, and associated with urinary tract infection in patients with chronic bladder catheterization. Although it is characterized […]

Muscular resistance, hypertrophy and strength training equally reduce adiposity, inflammation and insulin resistance in mice with diet-induced obesity

Janesca Mansur Guedes ORCID logo , Bruno Luiz da Silva Pieri ORCID logo , Thaís Fernandes Luciano ORCID logo , Schérolin de Oliveira Marques ORCID logo , Luiz Guilherme Antonacci Guglielmo ORCID logo , Claudio Teodoro de Souza ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2020AO4784

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the effect of three types of muscular resistance training on adiposity, inflammation levels and insulin activity in Swiss mice with fat-rich diet-induced obesity. Methods Lean and obese male Swiss mice were selected and allocated to one of eight groups comprising eight mice each, as follows: standard diet + no training; standard diet + muscular resistance training; standard diet + hypertrophy training; standard diet + strength training; high-fat diet + no training; high-fat diet + muscular resistance […]

Epidemiology of injuries due to ankle sprain diagnosed in an orthopedic emergency room

Pedro Debieux ORCID logo , Andre Wajnsztejn ORCID logo , Nacime Salomão Barbachan Mansur ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2020AO4739

ABSTRACT Objective To use magnetic resonance imaging to assess the prevalence of foot and ankle ligament injuries and fractures associated with ankle sprain and not diagnosed by x-ray. Methods We included 180 consecutive patients with a history of ankle sprain, assessed at a primary care service in a 12-month period. Magnetic resonance imaging findings were recorded and described. Results Approximately 92% of patients had some type of injury shown on the magnetic resonance imaging. We found 379 ligament injuries, 9 […]

Adjustable sling for the treatment of post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence: systematic review and meta-analysis

Laercio Antonio da Silva ORCID logo , Rogério Simonetti ORCID logo , Edina Mariko Koga da Silva ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019RW4508

ABSTRACT Urinary incontinence after prostatectomy has a significant negative impact on the quality of life of the patient. The surgical treatment includes several models of male slings, such as adjustable slings. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of adjustable sling in the treatment of post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence. This is a systematic review of literature. The following electronic databases were searched until January 2018: PubMed®, Embase, CENTRAL and LILACS. The keywords used in the search […]

Methodological description of clinical research data collection through electronic medical records in a center participating in an international multicenter study

Veronica Neves Fialho Queiroz ORCID logo , Andrea da Costa Moreira de Oliveira ORCID logo , Renato Carneiro de Freitas Chaves ORCID logo , Lucas Araújo de Borges Moura ORCID logo , Daniel Sousa César ORCID logo , Flávio Takaoka ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AE4791

ABSTRACT Data collection for clinical research can be difficult, and electronic health record systems can facilitate this process. The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the secondary use of electronic health records in data collection for an observational clinical study. We used Cerner Millennium®, an electronic health record software, following these steps: (1) data crossing between the study’s case report forms and the electronic health record; (2) development of a manual collection method for data not recorded […]

Retinal exams requested at Primary Care Unit: indications, results and alternative strategies of evaluation

Fernando Korn Malerbi ORCID logo , Adriano Biondi Monteiro Carneiro ORCID logo , Marcelo Katz ORCID logo , Claudio Luiz Lottenberg ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2020GS4913

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate indications, results and strategy of retinal exams requested at Primary Care Units. Methods A retrospective study that analyzed the indications and results of retinal exams, in the modalities clinical dilated fundus exams and color fundus photographs. In the following situations, patients were considered eligible for color fundus photographs if visual acuity was normal and ocular symptoms were absent: diabetes mellitus and/or hypertension, in use of drugs with potential retinal toxicity, diagnosis or suspicion of glaucoma, stable […]

The rare holley antibody associated with a severe hemolytic transfusion reaction: the importance of this antibody identification to find a compatible blood unit

Leandro Dinalli Santos ORCID logo , Carolina Bonet Bub ORCID logo , Maria Giselda Aravechia ORCID logo , Eduardo Peres Bastos ORCID logo , Jose Mauro Kutner ORCID logo , Lilian Castilho ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2020RC4582

ABSTRACT The correct identification of erythrocyte antibodies is fundamental for the searching for compatible blood and haemolytic transfusion reactions prevention. Antibodies against antigens of high prevalence are difficult to identify because of the rarity of their occurrence and unavailability of negative red cells for confirmation. We report a case of 46-years-old woman, diagnosed with hemoglobinopathy, and who had symptomatic fall in hemoglobin levels (5.3g/dL) after blood transfusion suggestive of transfusion reaction. The patient’s blood type was O RhD-positive. Irregular antibody […]

Posterior quadratus lumborum block for primary total hip arthroplasty analgesia: a comparative study

Promil Kukreja ORCID logo , Lisa MacBeth ORCID logo , William Potter ORCID logo , Katherine Buddemeyer ORCID logo , Henry DeBell ORCID logo , Hesham Elsharkawy ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4905

ABSTRACT Objective To compare analgesia and opioid consumption for patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty with preoperative posterior quadratus lumborum block with patients who did not receive quadratus lumborum block. Methods The medical records of patients undergoing unilateral total hip arthroplasty between January 1st, 2017 and March 31, 2018 were reviewed, and 238 patients were included in the study. The primary outcome was postoperative opioid consumption in the first 24 postoperative hours. Secondary outcomes were intraoperative, post anesthesia care unit, […]

Evaluation of hydroxyurea genotoxicity in patients with sickle cell disease

Emanuel Almeida Moreira de Oliveira ORCID logo , Kenia de Assis Boy ORCID logo , Ana Paula Pinho Santos ORCID logo , Carla da Silva Machado ORCID logo , Cibele Velloso-Rodrigues ORCID logo , Pâmela Souza Almeida Silva Gerheim ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4742

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the induction of DNA damage in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with sickle cell disease, SS and SC genotypes, treated with hydroxyurea. Methods The study subjects were divided into two groups: one group of 22 patients with sickle cell disease, SS and SC genotypes, treated with hydroxyurea, and a Control Group composed of 24 patients with sickle cell disease who were not treated with hydroxyurea. Peripheral blood samples were submitted to peripheral blood mononuclear cell […]