43 results

Sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity as prognostic predictors in hospitalized elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction

Natália de Moraes Santana ORCID logo , Roberta Maria Lins Mendes ORCID logo , Nadja Fernandes da Silva ORCID logo , Cláudia Porto Sabino Pinho ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4632

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the potential value of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity as prognostic predictors in hospitalized elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on data collected from elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction, admitted to a public hospital located in the Northeastern region of Brazil, from April to July 2015. The diagnosis of sarcopenia was based on muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance measurements. Cardiovascular risk and prognostic markers, such as troponin and creatine […]

Drug interactions among older adults followed up in a comprehensive medication management service at Primary Care

Tayane Oliveira dos Santos ORCID logo , Mariana Martins Gonzaga do Nascimento ORCID logo , Yone Almeida Nascimento ORCID logo , Grazielli Cristina Batista de Oliveira ORCID logo , Ursula Carolina de Morais Martins ORCID logo , Danielle Fernandes da Silva ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4725

ABSTRACT Objective: To estimate the prevalence of drug interactions and associated factors among older adults followed up in a Comprehensive Medication Management Service at Primary Care. Methods: Firstly, the Beers criteria 2015 was used to define drug interactions; later, drug interactions proposed by Dumbreck for patients with diabetes, depression, and heart failure were evaluated. The associated factors were assessed by univariate (Pearson’s χ2) and multivariate analyses (logistic regression). The significance level of 5% was set for all analyses. Results: The […]

Brazilian Nutritional Consensus in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Elderly

Sandra Elisa Adami Batista Gonçalves ORCID logo , Andreza Alice Feitosa Ribeiro ORCID logo , Erika Yuri Hirose ORCID logo , Fabio Pires de Souza Santos ORCID logo , Flávia Munhoz Ferreira ORCID logo , Ludmila de Oliveira Muniz Koch ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AE4340

ABSTRACT The Brazilian Nutritional Consensus in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Elderly was elaborated by nutritionists, nutrologists and hematologists physicians from 15 Brazilians reference centers in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, in order to emphasize the importancy of nutritional status and the body composition during the treatment, as well as the main characteristics related to patient’s nutritional assessment. Establishing the consensus, we intended to improve and standardize the nutritional therapy during the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The Consensus was approved by the […]

Association between respiratory capacity, quality of life and cognitive function in elderly individuals

Rayana de Oliveira Costa ORCID logo , Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias ORCID logo , Gabriel Grizzo Cucato ORCID logo , Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo ORCID logo , Fabio Nasri ORCID logo , Maria Luiza Monteiro Costa ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4337

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate associations between respiratory capacity, quality of life and cognitive function in elderly individuals. Methods The sample included 386 elderly individuals (232 women). Respiratory capacity assessment was based on maximal expiratory pressure measured at peak expiratory flow. Subjects were classified according to peak expiratory flow values adjusted for sex, age and height of individuals with normal (peak expiratory flow curve 60%) or reduced (peak expiratory flow curve < 60%) respiratory capacity. The World Health Organization Quality of [...]

Profile of drugs used for self-medication by elderly attended at a referral center

Samanta Bárbara Vieira de Oliveira ORCID logo , Soraya Coelho Costa Barroso ORCID logo , Maria Aparecida Camargos Bicalho ORCID logo , Adriano Max Moreira Reis ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4372

ABSTRACT Objective To determine the profile of medications used for self-medication by the elderly. Methods A cross-sectional study based on interviews with elderly seen at a reference center for Elderly Health of a teaching hospital, from July 2014 to July 2015. Clinical, demographic and pharmacotherapeutic data were collected. Results A total of 170 elderly were interviewed, 85.9% female, and the median age was 76 years. The frequency of self-medication was 80.5%. The most used medications for self-medication were central acting […]

Trends in surgical treatment of femoral neck fractures in the elderly

Eva Jolanda Irene Lehtonen ORCID logo , Robert Davis Stibolt Jr ORCID logo , Walter Smith ORCID logo , Bradley Wills ORCID logo , Martim Correia Pinto ORCID logo , Gerald McGwin Jr ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4351

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze recent demographic and medical billing trends in treatment of femoral neck fracture of American elderly patients. Methods The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was analyzed from 2006 to 2015, for patients aged 65 years and older, using the Current Procedural Terminology codes 27130, 27125, 27235, and 27236. Patient demographics, postoperative complications, and frequency of codes were compared and analyzed over time. Our sample had 17,122 elderly patients, in that, 70% were […]

Fracture risk assessment in home care patients using the FRAX® tool

Vitor Moraes Rocha ORCID logo , Heloisa Amaral Gaspar ORCID logo , Claudio Flauzino de Oliveira ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4236

ABSTRACT Objective To assess the ten-year risk of hip and osteoporotic fracture in home care patients using the FRAX® tool. Methods A retrospective, cross-sectional observational study including patients aged ≥ 40 and ≤ 90 years and receiving home care from a private provider. The risk of fracture was calculated using an online calculator. High risk was defined as risk of hip fracture greater than 3% or risk of osteoporotic fracture greater than 20%. Data were expressed as absolute number (n), […]

Analysis of cancer perception by elderly people

Isaac Felipe Leite Braz, Raquel Andresa Duarte Gomes, Mariele Silva de Azevedo, Francisco das Chagas Marison Alves, Danilo Silveira Seabra, Francisco Pignataro Lima, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4155

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the perception of elderly population about cancer, correlating it with the clinical variables sex, age and past history of cancer. Methods The sample was composed of 300 individuals, 174 (58%) women. A questionnaire containing ten questions and based on the Health Information National Trends Survey was used. For statistical analysis, a p value

Comparison between subjective and objective evaluations of self-care performance in elderly inpatients

Delcina Jesus Figueredo, Wilson Jacob-Filho

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO3987

ABSTRACT Objetive To identify the functional status in self-care performance of elderly inpatients, through subjective and objective evaluations. Methods Fifty-five pairs of elderly and their respective caregivers of both sexes were submitted to subjective (self-rating and rating by caregivers) and objective assessment. The Performance Test of Activities of Daily Living and items in the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living scale were used. Functional status was rated 1 (unable to perform task), 2 (able to perform task with assistance) or 3 […]

Clinical and laboratory characteristics associated with referral of hospitalized elderly to palliative care

Suelen Pereira Arcanjo, Luis Alberto Saporetti, José Antonio Esper Curiati, Wilson Jacob-Filho, Thiago Junqueira Avelino-Silva

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4092

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate clinical and laboratory characteristics associated with referral of acutely ill older adults to exclusive palliative care. Methods A retrospective cohort study based on 572 admissions of acutely ill patients aged 60 years or over to a university hospital located in São Paulo, Brazil, from 2009 to 2013. The primary outcome was the clinical indication for exclusive palliative care. Comprehensive geriatric assessments were used to measure target predictors, such as sociodemographic, clinical, cognitive, functional and laboratory data. […]

1 2 3 5