49 results

Evaluation of platelet concentrate prescription in pediatric patients at a tertiary care hospital

Camila Augusta Victorino ORCID logo , João Carlos Pina Faria ORCID logo , Fabíola Isabel Suano-Souza ORCID logo , Roseli Oselka Saccardo Sarni ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4720

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the adequacy of platelet concentrate prescription by pediatricians in different pediatric sectors of a general hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional study evaluating 218/227 platelet concentrate records in children and adolescents (zero to 13 years old), from January 2007 to April 2015, by the pediatricians of the emergency room, sick bay and intensive care unit. The requisitions were excluded in patients with hematological diseases and those without the number of platelets. Results: Children under 12 months received 98 […]

Pelvic floor muscle training alone or in combination with oxybutynin in treatment of nonmonosymptomatic enuresis. A randomized controlled trial with 2-year follow up

Renata Martins Campos ORCID logo , Adélia Correia Lúcio ORCID logo , Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes ORCID logo , Claudia Rosenblatt Hacad ORCID logo , Maria Carolina Ramos Perissinotto ORCID logo , Howard I. Glazer, [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4602

Abstract Objective To compare the results of the standard urotherapy alone and associated with pelvic floor muscle training alone, and in combination with oxybutynin in treatment of nonmonosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. Methods A total of 38 children aged 5 to 10 years were randomized into three groups: Group I (n=12) that was submitted to standard urotherapy; Group II (n=15), standard urotherapy associated with pelvic floor muscle training; and Group III (n=11), standard urotherapy associated with pelvic floor muscle training and oxybutynin; […]

Risky sexual behaviors and their association with overweight and obesity among adolescent students: a cross-sectional study

Alaine Souza Lima ORCID logo , Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui ORCID logo , Mayra Ruana de Alencar Gomes ORCID logo , Rachel Mola ORCID logo , Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4782

Abstract Objective To determine the prevalence of risky sexual behavior and its association with overweight and obesity among adolescent students. Methods This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in public schools with adolescents aged 12 to 17 years. We used the questionnaire Youth Risk Behavior Survey. The body mass index percentiles were calculated by means of table from the Center for Control and Prevention of Diseases. Possible associations were assessed using the χ2 test and binary logistic regression model. The odds […]

Laryngotracheal separation in pediatric patients: 13-year experience in a reference service

Letícia Alves Antunes ORCID logo , Carolina Talini ORCID logo , Bruna Cecília Neves de Carvalho ORCID logo , Jessica Pareja Guerra ORCID logo , Ewerton dos Santos Aristides ORCID logo , Darken Eugênio de Oliveira ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4467

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate clinical stability of neurologically impaired children and adolescents with recurrent pneumonia submitted to laryngotracheal separation. Methods: Between October 2002 and June 2015, 92 neurologically impaired children from a reference service, with median age of 68.5 months were submitted to laryngotracheal separation. Data were evaluated and statistical analysis was made by Student’s t test and Pearson’s χ2 test (significance level adopted of 95%). Results: Fifty-three children were male (57.6%). Forty-six children required admission to intensive care, and […]

Effective vancomycin concentrations in children: a cross-sectional study

Geisa Cristina da Silva Alves ORCID logo , Farah Maria Drumond Chequer ORCID logo , Cristina Sanches ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4396

ABSTRACT Objective Analyze the microbiological effectiveness, based on the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics correlation of vancomycin in pediatric patients, and to propose dose adjustment. Methods This is an observational, cross-sectional study, conducted in a pediatric hospital, over a 1-year period (2016 to 2017). Children of both sexes, aged 2 to 12 years, were included in the study; burn children, and children in renal replacement therapy were excluded. For the pharmacokinetic analysis, two samples of 2mL of whole blood were collected, respecting the 2-hour […]

Evaluation of the quality of Primary Health Care services for children: reflections on the feasibility of using the Brazilian version of the Primary Care Assessment Tool as a routine assessment tool

Liz Ponnet ORCID logo , Sara Willems ORCID logo , Veerle Vyncke ORCID logo , Aylene Emilia Moraes Bousquat ORCID logo , Ana Luiza d’Ávila Viana ORCID logo , Guilherme Arantes Mello ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4333

ABSTRACT Objective To assess the quality of the Primary Health Care services provided to children and the feasibility of using the Brazilian version of Primary Care Assessment Tool (PCAT-Brazil) as a routine quality assessment tool. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out in Joanópolis, a small rural town in the State of São Paulo (SP), Brazil. Seven health professionals and 502 caretakers of children using the public health center were interviewed using the PCAT-Brazil, collecting data on the core and […]

Effect of auditory-motor training on auditory processing of school children

Fátima Aparecida Gonçalves ORCID logo , Márcia Ribeiro Vieira ORCID logo , Liliane Desgualdo Pereira ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4359

ABSTRACT Objective To compare performance in Avaliação Simplificada do Processamento Auditivo Central and Scale of Auditory Behaviors scores before and after auditory and motor training. Methods Sample comprising 162 children aged 9 to 11 years and attending public schools in the city of São Paulo (SP), Brazil; 122 out of 162 children were allocated to one of three experimental groups: Multisensory; Auditory/Motor and Motor/Auditory. Experimental groups were submitted to 8 hours of auditory, visuospatial and motor stimulation over the course […]

Severe iron-deficiency anemia as initial manifestation of pulmonary hemosiderosis in a child

Natália Noronha ORCID logo , Pedro Ramalho ORCID logo , Rogério Barreira ORCID logo , Juliana Roda ORCID logo , Teresa Reis Silva ORCID logo , Miguel Félix ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018RC4505

ABSTRACT Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis is a potentially fatal disease that results from episodes of alveolar hemorrhage of unknown origin. The clinical spectrum is varied, and anemia may constitute the only manifestation of illness, preceding other signs and symptoms by several months. We present the case of a 4 year-old child presenting with fever, vomiting and prostration, associated with pallor. He had microcytic and hypochromic anemia refractory to iron therapy. Gastrointestinal bleeding was ruled out after negative extensive etiological investigation. Subsequently, […]

Helium-oxygen mixture: clinical applicability in an intensive care unit

Milena Siciliano Nascimento ORCID logo , Érica Santos ORCID logo , Cristiane do Prado ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4199

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate if distress respiratory decreases after using helium-oxygen mixture in pediatric patients diagnosed with bronchospasm. Methods This is a retrospective, non-randomized study that included patients diagnosed with bronchospasm, who received a helium-oxygen mixture at three time points (30, 60, and 120 minutes) according to the organization protocol singular, and were admitted to the intensive care unit, from January 2012 to December 2013. This protocol includes patients with bronchospasm who sustained a modified Wood score of moderate to […]

Medications used in pediatric cystic fibrosis population

Stella Pegoraro Alves ORCID logo , Márcia de Azevedo Frank ORCID logo , Denise Bueno ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4212

ABSTRACT Objective To describe the drug utilization profile used by pediatric cystic fibrosis patients. Methods A transversal study comprising the analysis of records and interviews with caregivers of pediatric patient in a reference center of Southern Brazil. We collected information about patients’ clinical condition, medication used and household therapy. Results Out of 78 patients participating in the study, prevailing characteristics were: female, self-declared white color, mutation F508del and countryside resident. Forty-three patients had health monitoring exclusively in the hospital’s outpatient […]

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