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Recent Articles

Is virtual reality useful for pain management in patients who undergo medical procedures?

Daniel Melecchi de Oliveira Freitas ORCID logo , Viviane Souto Spadoni ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019MD4837

ABSTRACT Pain management is a complex medical issue, and many efforts have been done to develop new non-pharmacological therapies. Virtual reality is a technology apparatus that make an interaction between human and virtual environment through an hardware (usually a headset) linked to a computer or a mobile, by using a software. Additionally, this virtual setting can be adapted to any type of scenario. Thus, it is plausible that the software used should be personalized depending on patient’s experiences and expectations. […]

Brazilian Nutritional Consensus in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Elderly

Sandra Elisa Adami Batista Gonçalves ORCID logo , Andreza Alice Feitosa Ribeiro ORCID logo , Erika Yuri Hirose ORCID logo , Fabio Pires de Souza Santos ORCID logo , Flávia Munhoz Ferreira ORCID logo , Ludmila de Oliveira Muniz Koch ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AE4340

ABSTRACT The Brazilian Nutritional Consensus in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Elderly was elaborated by nutritionists, nutrologists and hematologists physicians from 15 Brazilians reference centers in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, in order to emphasize the importancy of nutritional status and the body composition during the treatment, as well as the main characteristics related to patient’s nutritional assessment. Establishing the consensus, we intended to improve and standardize the nutritional therapy during the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The Consensus was approved by the […]

Drug interactions in maternal intensive care: prevalence, risk factors, and potential risk medications

Thiago de Lima Pessoa ORCID logo , Washington Sales Clemente Junior ORCID logo , Tatiana Xavier da Costa ORCID logo , Priscilla Karilline do Vale Bezerra ORCID logo , Rand Randall Martins ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4521

ABSTRACT Objective: To characterize severe potential drug interactions in maternal intensive care, and to determine their frequency, risk factors and potential risk medications. Methods: An observational and longitudinal study conducted between December 2014 and December 2015 in a maternal intensive care unit. Clinical data were collected and severe potential drug interactions were identified on pregnant inpatients. The drug interactions were classified by type, prevalence and exposure rate. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the severe potential drug […]

Body composition, strength static and isokinetic, and bone health: comparative study between active adults and amateur soccer players

Óscar M. Tavares ORCID logo , João P. Duarte ORCID logo , André O. Werneck ORCID logo , Daniela C. Costa ORCID logo , Paulo Sousa-e-Silva ORCID logo , Diogo Martinho ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4419

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare tissue composition, total and regional bone mineral content and bone mineral density, static hand grip and knee joint isokinetic strength between amateur soccer players and Control Group. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Air displacement plethysmography was used to estimate body volume and, in turn, density. Body composition, bone mineral content and bone mineral density were assessed for the whole body and at standardized regions using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Static grip strength was assessed with an adjustable dynamometer, […]

Lipid profile and statin use in critical care setting: implications for kidney outcome

Isabelle Malbouisson ORCID logo , Beata Marie Quinto ORCID logo , Marcelino de Souza Durão Junior ORCID logo , Júlio Cesar Martins Monte ORCID logo , Oscar Fernando Pavão dos Santos ORCID logo , Roberto Camargo Narciso ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4399

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine whether pre-hospital statin use is associated with lower renal replacement therapy requirement and/or death during intensive care unit stay. Methods: Prospective cohort analysis. We analyzed 670 patients consecutively admitted to the intensive care unit of an academic tertiary-care hospital. Patients with ages ranging from 18 to 80 years admitted to the intensive care unit within the last 48 hours were included in the study. Results: Mean age was 66±16.1 years old, mean body mass index 26.6±4/9kg/m2 […]

Oral squamous papilloma: a view under clinical, fluorescence and histopathological aspects

Sérgio Araújo Andrade ORCID logo , Sebastião Pratavieira ORCID logo , Juliana Fracalossi Paes ORCID logo , Marisa Maria Ribeiro ORCID logo , Vanderlei Salvador Bagnato ORCID logo , Fernando de Pilla Varotti ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019RC4624

ABSTRACT Oral squamous papilloma is a benign tumor whose pathogenesis has been associated with human papillomavirus infection. Thus, it is noteworthy that human papillomavirus infection is one of the risk factors associated with the development of cervical, anogenital, pharynx, larynx and oral cavity carcinomas. Oral squamous papilloma can affect any region of the oral cavity, and transmission of human papillomavirus can occur by direct contact, sexual intercourse or from mother to child during delivery. The diagnosis is clinical and histopathological, […]

Left ventricular noncompaction in a Para athlete

Ednei Costa Maia ORCID logo , Filippo Aragão Savioli ORCID logo , Sanna Roque Pinheiro ORCID logo , Leandro Santini Echenique ORCID logo , Japy Angelini Oliveira Filho ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019RC4514

ABSTRACT The left ventricular noncompaction is a congenital cardiomyopathy characterized by the presence of abnormal trabeculations in the left ventricle. The present study describes the case of a 14-year-old female Para athlete, who plays goalball. She was asymptomatic, with history of congenital nystagmus and mild visual impairment, who presented nonspecific electrocardiographic abnormalities during pre-competition screening. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging showed left ventricular non-compaction (non-compacted to compacted layer ratio equal to 2.5) and mild biventricular systolic dysfunction. Initially, the patient was […]

Introduction of complementary foods in infants

Lilian Cordeiro de Queirós Moreira ORCID logo , Elizabeth Brauninger e Oliveira ORCID logo , Lucia Hitomi Kamata Lopes ORCID logo , Mariana Ercole Bauleo ORCID logo , Flavio Sarno ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4412

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze frequency, age and time trend of complementary feeding introduction in infants. Methods: Retrospective study of infants’ data evaluated at nutrition sector of Programa de Atenção aos Bebês of Programa Einstein na Comunidade de Paraisópolis from 2012 to 2015. Survival analyzes were performed, and the outcome considered was the time until the introduction of each specific food. Results: Participants were 700 infants, with 5.5 months of median age. Water was the most consumed supplement (80.0%), followed by […]

Vertebral body erosion secondary to aortoiliac aneurysm

Lilian Aguiar Pupo Zanini ORCID logo , André Dubinco ORCID logo , Eduardo Kaiser Ururahy Nunes Fonseca ORCID logo , Fernando Ide Yamauchi ORCID logo , Ronaldo Hueb Baroni ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AI4550

A 75-year old female patient presenting chronic arterial hypertension, was admitted at the emergency department with moderate unspecific abdominal pain. A computed tomography of total abdomen with no contrast enhancement was requested due to altered renal function and suspicion of acute obstructive abdomen. The computed tomography sections ( and ) showed a fusiform aneurysm in the aortoiliac bifurcation, extending up to the right iliac artery. This aneurysm was causing erosion of the anterior aspect of L4 vertebral body, with bone […]