14 results

Physical training reverses changes in hepatic mitochondrial diameter of Alloxan-induced diabetic rats

Gabriel Keine Kuga ORCID logo , Rafael Calais Gaspar ORCID logo , Vitor Rosetto Muñoz ORCID logo , Susana Castelo Branco Ramos Nakandakari ORCID logo , Leonardo Breda ORCID logo , Bruna Marina Sandoval ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4353

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the effects of physical training on metabolic and morphological parameters of diabetic rats. Methods Wistar rats were randomized into four groups: sedentary control, trained control, sedentary diabetic and trained diabetic. Diabetes mellitus was induced by Alloxan (35mg/kg) administration for sedentary diabetic and Trained Diabetic Groups. The exercise protocol consisted of swimming with a load of 2.5% of body weight for 60 minutes per day (5 days per week) for the trained control and Trained Diabetic Groups, […]

Sericin and swimming on histomorphometric parameters of denervated plantar muscle in Wistar rats

André Santana Junior, Jean Carlos Debastiani, Pâmela Buratti, Ana Luiza Peretti, Regina Inês Kunz, Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4137

Abstract Objective To analyze the combined effects of the silk protein sericin and swimming exercise on histomorphometry of the plantar muscle in Wistar rats. Methods Forty adult rats were randomly allocated into 5 groups comprising 8 animals each, as follows: Control, Injury, Sericin, Swim, and Swim plus Sericin. Three days after crushing of the sciatic nerve the rats in the Swim and Swim plus Sericin Groups were submitted to swimming exercise for 21 days. Rats were then euthanized and the […]

Association between active commuting and elevated blood pressure in adolescents

Fábio da Silva Santana, Aline Cabral Palmeira, Marcos André Moura dos Santos, Breno Quintella Farah, Bruna Cadengue Coêlho de Souza, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082017AO4093

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the association between active commuting and blood pressure in adolescents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with high school students from public education network in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Data from 6039 students (14 to 19 years) were collected using a questionnaire. “Physically inactive” were considered those who reported not to walk or ride a bicycle to and from school on any day of the past week, and/or those who, regardless of the weekly frequency […]

Maintenance of exercise training benefits is associated with adequate milk and dairy products intake in elderly hypertensive subjects following detraining

Wilson Max Almeida Monteiro de Moraes, Neucilane Silveira dos Santos, Larissa Pereira Aguiar, Luís Gustavo Oliveira de Sousa

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082017AO4048

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate whether maintenance of exercise training benefits is associated with adequate milk and dairy products intake in hypertensive elderly subjects after detraining. Methods Twenty-eight elderly hypertensive patients with optimal clinical treatment underwent 16 weeks of multicomponent exercise training program followed by 6 weeks of detraining, and were classified according to milk and dairy products intake as low milk (

Effect of maternal exercises on biophysical fetal and maternal parameters: a transversal study

Caroline Mombaque dos Santos, Wendel Mombaque dos Santos, Francisco Maximiliano Pancich Gallarreta, Camila Pigatto, Luiz Osório Cruz Portela, Edson Nunes de Morais

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082016ao3758

ABSTRACTObjectiveTo evaluate the acute effects of maternal and fetal hemodynamic responses in pregnant women submitted to fetal Doppler and an aerobic physical exercise test according to the degree of effort during the activity and the impact on the well-being.Methods Transversal study with low risk pregnant women, obtained by convenience sample with gestational age between 26 to 34 weeks. The participants carry out a progressive exercise test.Results After the exercise session, reduced resistance (p=0.02) and pulsatility indices (p=0.01) were identified in […]

Physical activity as a protective factor for development of non-alcoholic fatty liver in men

Carla Giuliano de Sá Pinto, Marcio Marega, José Antonio Maluf de Carvalho, Felipe Gambetta Carmona, Carlos Eduardo Felix Lopes, Fabio Luis Ceschini, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082015AO2878

ObjectiveTo determine the impact of physical activity on the prevalence of fatty liver, metabolic and cardiovascular disease in adult men.MethodsThis study evaluated 1,399 men (40.7±8.18 years) with body mass index of 26.7kg/m2 (±3.4) who participated in the Protocol of Preventive Health Check-up at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein from January to October 2011. We conducted tests of serum blood glucose, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides, reactive c-protein, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. The statistical analysis comprised in the comparison […]

Short-term effects of moderate intensity physical activity in patients with metabolic syndrome

Caroline Macoris Colombo, Rafael Michel de Macedo, Miguel Morita Fernandes-Silva, Alexandra Moro Caporal, Andréa Emilia Stinghen, Costantino Roberto Costantini, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000300011

OBJECTIVES:To evaluate whether a short-term moderate intensity exercise program could change inflammatory parameters, and improve different components of metabolic syndrome in sedentary patients.METHODS:Sixteen patients completed the 12-week program of supervised exercise, which consisted of a 40 to 50 minutes of walking, 3 times a week, reaching 50 to 60% of the heart rate reserve. The parameters evaluated before and after intervention were waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, C-reactive protein and interleukin […]

Evaluating compliance to a cardiac rehabilitation program in a private general hospital

Vanessa Mair, Ana Paula Breda, Marcos Eduardo Boquembuzo Nunes, Luciana Diniz Nagem Janot de Matos

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000300004

Objective:Identify the primary factors that influenced the participant in our cardiovascular rehabilitation program towards missing their therapy sessions, and to correlate those factors with age, cardiovascular risk, and motivation of our population.METHODS:We conducted a retrospective study with 42 patients (69.15±13.93 years) participating in the cardiac rehabilitation program at a general hospital in São Paulo, through the analysis of two scales applied during the initial evaluation: Cardiac Rehabilitation Barriers Scale and scale of the original provision. We used Spearman correlation to […]

Standardization of an experimental model suitable for studies on the effect of exercise on arthritis

Raquel Pinheiro Gomes, Elisangela Bressan, Tatiane Morgana da Silva, Monique da Silva Gevaerd, Carlos Rogério Tonussi, Susana Cristina Domenech

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000100014

Objective:To standardize an experimental model of chronic monoarthritis induced by complete Freund’s adjuvant appropriate for the analysis of the effect of walking on nociception and on joint edema.METHODS:The following factors were evaluated as to monoarthritis induction: route and site of administration, number and interval of inoculations, Mycobacterium species, and animal gender. Wistar male and female rats (200 to 250g) received two injections of complete Freund’s adjuvant containing Mycobacterium tuberculosis (1.0mg/mL; 50µL) or Mycobacterium butyricum (0.5mg/mL; 50µL) intra-articularly in the tibiotarsal […]

Stages of health behavior change and factors associated with physical activity in patients with intermittent claudication

Jacilene Guedes de Oliveira, João Paulo dos Anjos Souza Barbosa, Breno Quintella Farah, Marcel da Rocha Chehuen, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Nelson Wolosker, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082012000400005

Objective:To analyze, in people with intermittent claudication, the frequency of individuals who are in each of stages of health behavior change to practice physical activity, and analyze the association of these stages with the walking capacity.METHODS:We recruited 150 patients with intermittent claudication treated at a tertiary center, being included those >30-year-old-individuals and who had ankle-arm index

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