16 results

Clinical, dietary and demographic characteristics interfering on quality of life of cancer patients

Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos ORCID logo , Wanderson Roberto da Silva ORCID logo , Maria Claudia Bernardes Spexoto ORCID logo , Sergio Vicente Serrano ORCID logo , João Marôco ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4368

ABSTRACT Objective To estimate the dietary intake of cancer patients and its relation with clinical and demographic characteristics, and to assess the contribution of dietary intake, appetite/symptoms and clinical and demographic characteristics to their quality of life. Methods The consumption of energy and macronutrients of patients was estimated. The relation between dietary intake and clinical and demographic characteristics was evaluated by analysis of variance. The intake of energy and macronutrient of the patients was compared to the nutritional recommendations using […]

Analysis of cancer perception by elderly people

Isaac Felipe Leite Braz, Raquel Andresa Duarte Gomes, Mariele Silva de Azevedo, Francisco das Chagas Marison Alves, Danilo Silveira Seabra, Francisco Pignataro Lima, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4155

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the perception of elderly population about cancer, correlating it with the clinical variables sex, age and past history of cancer. Methods The sample was composed of 300 individuals, 174 (58%) women. A questionnaire containing ten questions and based on the Health Information National Trends Survey was used. For statistical analysis, a p value

European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30: factorial models to Brazilian cancer patients

Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos, Maria Cláudia Bernardes Spexoto, Wanderson Roberto da Silva, Sergio Vicente Serrano, João Marôco

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4132

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the psychometric properties of the seven theoretical models proposed in the literature for European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30), when applied to a sample of Brazilian cancer patients. Methods Content and construct validity (factorial, convergent, discriminant) were estimated. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed. Convergent validity was analyzed using the average variance extracted. Discriminant validity was analyzed using correlational analysis. Internal consistency and composite reliability were used […]

Test-retest reliability of Brazilian version of Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale for assessing symptoms in cancer patients

Josiane Roberta de Menezes, Bianca Maria Oliveira Luvisaro, Claudia Fernandes Rodrigues, Camila Drumond Muzi, Raphael Mendonça Guimarães

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082017AO3645

ABSTRACT Objective To assess the test-retest reliability of the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale translated and culturally adapted into Brazilian Portuguese. Methods The scale was applied in an interview format for 190 patients with various cancers type hospitalized in clinical and surgical sectors of the Instituto Nacional de Câncer José de Alencar Gomes da Silva and reapplied in 58 patients. Data from the test-retest were double typed into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet and analyzed by the weighted Kappa. Results The reliability […]

Sarcopenia and chemotherapy-mediated toxicity

Maria Cecília Monteiro Dela Vega, Alessandro Laviano, Gustavo Duarte Pimentel

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082016md3740

ABSTRACTThis narrative review focuses on the role of sarcopenia and chemotherapy-induced toxicity in cancer patients. Consistent evidence shows that sarcopenia in cancer patients leads to decreased overall survival by influencing treatment discontinuation and dose reduction. Therefore, sarcopenia should be considered a robust prognostic factor of negative outcome as well as a determinant of increased healthcare costs.

Disparities in cancer epidemiology and care delivery among Brazilian indigenous populations

Pedro Nazareth Aguiar Jr., Gustavo Trautman Stock, Gilberto de Lima Lopes Jr., Michelle Samora de Almeida, Hakaru Tadokoro, Bárbara de Souza Gutierres, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082016AO3754

ABSTRACTObjective:To assess aspects related to cancer in indigenous population.Methods:This is a retrospective study developed in a public university hospital. We included patients with 18 or more years of age, diagnosed with solid tumors, and followed between 2005 and 2015. Clinical features were assessed by descriptive statistics, and survival was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariate Cox regression.Results:Fifty patients were included. The cancer incidence was 15.73 per 100,000. The mean age at diagnosis was 54 years and most patients were female […]

Most small bowel cancers are revealed by a complication

Ionut Negoi, Sorin Paun, Sorin Hostiuc, Bodgan Stoica, Ioan Tanase, Ruxandra Irina Negoi, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082015AO3380

ABSTRACTObjective To characterize the pattern of primary small bowel cancers in a tertiary East-European hospital.Methods A retrospective study of patients with small bowel cancers admitted to a tertiary emergency center, over the past 15 years.Results There were 57 patients with small bowel cancer, representing 0.039% of admissions and 0.059% of laparotomies. There were 37 (64.9%) men, mean age of 58 years; and 72 years for females. Out of 57 patients, 48 (84.2%) were admitted due to an emergency situation: obstruction […]

Cervical cancer screening in young and elderly women of the Xingu Indigenous Park: evaluation of the recommended screening age group in Brazil

Neila Maria de Góis Speck, Juliana da Silva Pinheiro, Erica Ribeiro Pereira, Douglas Rodrigues, Gustavo Rubino de Azevedo Focchi, Julisa Chamorro Lascasas Ribalta

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082015AO3222

ObjectiveTo analyze the occurrence of atypia in the cytology/histology examinations of young women under the age of 25 years and of elderly women aged over 64 years, in the Xingu Indigenous Park and to evaluate, in a subjective manner, if the age range for screening established by the Ministry of Health and the Instituto Nacional de Câncer is appropriate for this population.MethodsThe Xingu/UNIFESP Project, in partnership with the Center for Gynecological Disease Prevention, develops programs to prevent cervical cancer. The […]

Oxidative stress and plasma lipoproteins in cancer patients

Fernanda Maria Machado Maia, Emanuelly Barbosa Santos, Germana Elias Reis

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014RC3110

ObjectiveTo evaluate the relation between oxidative stress and lipid profile in patients with different types of cancer.MethodsThis was an observational cross-sectional. A total of 58 subjects were evaluated, 33 males, divided into two groups of 29 patients each: Group 1, patients with cancer of the digestive tract and accessory organs; Group 2 patients with other types of cancers, all admitted to a public hospital. The plasma levels (lipoproteins and total cholesterol, HDL, and triglycerides, for example) were analyzed by enzymatic […]

Prevalence of renal insufficiency in elderly cancer patients in a tertiary cancer center

Lucíola de Barros Pontes, Yuri Philippe Pimentel Vieira Antunes, Diogo Diniz Gomes Bugano, Theodora Karnakis, Auro del Giglio, Rafael Aliosha Kaliks

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082014ao3003

Objective To estimate the prevalence of abnormal glomerular filtration rate in elderly patients with solid tumors.Methods A retrospective study with patients aged >65 years diagnosed with solid tumors between January 2007 and December 2011 in a cancer center. The following data were collected: sex, age, serum creatinine at the time of diagnosis and type of tumor. Renal function was calculated using abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formulae and then staged in accordance with the clinical practice guidelines […]

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