25 results

Sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity as prognostic predictors in hospitalized elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction

Natália de Moraes Santana ORCID logo , Roberta Maria Lins Mendes ORCID logo , Nadja Fernandes da Silva ORCID logo , Cláudia Porto Sabino Pinho ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4632

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the potential value of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity as prognostic predictors in hospitalized elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on data collected from elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction, admitted to a public hospital located in the Northeastern region of Brazil, from April to July 2015. The diagnosis of sarcopenia was based on muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance measurements. Cardiovascular risk and prognostic markers, such as troponin and creatine […]

Physical activity level and lifestyle perception in prebariatric surgery patients

Eduardo Gauze Alexandrino ORCID logo , Danilo Francisco da Silva Marçal ORCID logo , Mateus Dias Antunes ORCID logo , Leonardo Pestillo de Oliveira ORCID logo , Ely Mitie Massuda ORCID logo , Sonia Maria Marques Gomes Bertolini ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4619

Abstract Objective To determine sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle perception and physical activity levels in obese prebariatric surgery patients. Methods A quantitative, cross-sectional study. The sample comprised 96 male and female morbidly obese prebariatric surgery patients. Questionnaires addressing sociodemographic profile, lifestyle perception and physical activity levels were applied. Results Patients were aged 40.3±11.45 years. Inadequate levels of physical activity were reported by 47.8% of patients; most respondents (79.2%) attributed scores defined as inadequate to the physical activity domain of the lifestyle questionnaire. […]

Risky sexual behaviors and their association with overweight and obesity among adolescent students: a cross-sectional study

Alaine Souza Lima ORCID logo , Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui ORCID logo , Mayra Ruana de Alencar Gomes ORCID logo , Rachel Mola ORCID logo , Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4782

Abstract Objective To determine the prevalence of risky sexual behavior and its association with overweight and obesity among adolescent students. Methods This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in public schools with adolescents aged 12 to 17 years. We used the questionnaire Youth Risk Behavior Survey. The body mass index percentiles were calculated by means of table from the Center for Control and Prevention of Diseases. Possible associations were assessed using the χ2 test and binary logistic regression model. The odds […]

Immunoinflammatory mediators in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus

Bárbara Festa Gomes ORCID logo , Camila de Melo Accardo ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019RB4596

ABSTRACT Characterized as a metabolic syndrome with multiple consequences for the lives of patients, diabetes mellitus is also classified as a chronic non-communicable disease of great scope in the world. It is a complex disease, with different points of view, including the relation between inflammatory process, obesity and insulin resistance due to the performance of the various immunoinflammatory mediators – called adipokines – on glycemic homeostasis. Recent studies have precisely addressed this aspect for the development of drugs that assist […]

Cardiovascular risk and use of conicity index in patients submitted to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Suelyne Rodrigues de Morais, Ana Carolina Cavalcante Viana, Ana Filomena Camacho Santos Daltro, Priscila da Silva Mendonça

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4253

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the prevalence of overweight and the use of conicity index for cardiovascular risk assessment in individuals submitted to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods The sample comprised 91 patients of both sexes, who underwent autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from September 2008 to December 2013, aged 18 years or over. To determine the nutritional profile, we collected anthropometric data on weight, height, waist circumference upon hospital admission. The body mass index and the conicity index were […]

Obesity, sarcopenia, sarcopenic obesity and reduced mobility in Brazilian older people aged 80 years and over

Vanessa Ribeiro dos Santos, Igor Conterato Gomes, Denise Rodrigues Bueno, Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro, Ismael Forte Freitas Jr., Luis Alberto Gobbo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082017AO4058

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze which abnormalities in body composition (obesity, sarcopenia or sarcopenic obesity) are related to reduced mobility in older people aged 80 years and older. Methods: The sample included 116 subjects aged 80 years and older. The body composition was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and mobility was assessed by motor tests. The χ2 test was used to analyze the proportion of older people with sarcopenia, obesity and sarcopenic obesity based on sex as well as to […]

Regulation of adiposity by mTORC1

Juliana Magdalon, William Tadeu Festuccia

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082017RB4106

ABSTRACT Obesity is characterized by an excessive increase in the adipose tissue mass, and is associated with higher incidence of several chronic metabolic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes. Therefore, its increasing prevalence is a public health concern, and it is important to better understand its etiology to develop new therapeutic strategies. Evidence accumulated over the years indicates that obesity is associated with a marked activation in adipose tissue of the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), a signaling […]

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation to Brazil of the Obesity-related Problems Scale

Andreia Mara Brolezzi Brasil, Fábio Brasil, Angélica Aparecida Maurício, Regina Maria Vilela

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082017AO4004

ABSTRACT Objective To validate a reliable version of the Obesity-related Problems Scale in Portuguese to use it in Brazil. Methods The Obesity-related Problems Scale was translated and transculturally adapted. Later it was simultaneously self-applied with a 12-item version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0), to 50 obese patients and 50 non-obese individuals, and applied again to half of them after 14 days. Results The Obesity-related Problems scale was able to differentiate obese from non-obese individuals […]

Increased ultrasensitive C-reactive protein is not associated with obesity in hospitalized heart failure patients

Vânia Ames Schommer, Airton Tetelbom Stein, Aline Marcadenti, Estefania Inez Wittke, André Luís Câmara Galvão, Guido Bernardo Aranha Rosito

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082016AO3705

ABSTRACTObjective:To evaluate the association between obesity and levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with heart failure admitted to a tertiary hospital.Methods:Cross-sectional study with a consecutive sampling of hospitalized patients with heart failure. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected, and the nutritional status was assessed through indicators such as body mass index (in kg/m2), waist circumference (in cm), waist-hip ratio, triceps skinfold (in mm) and subscapularis skinfold (in mm). Neck circumference (in cm) was measured as well as serum […]

Associated factors with mammographic changes in women undergoing breast cancer screening

Ricardo Soares de Sant'Ana, Jacó Saraiva de Castro Mattos, Anderson Soares da Silva, Luanes Marques de Mello, Altacílio Aparecido Nunes

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082016AO3708

ABSTRACTObjective:To evaluate association of sociodemographic, anthropometric, and epidemiological factors with result of mammogram in women undergoing breast cancer screening.Methods:This is a cross-sectional study with data obtained through interviews, anthropometric measurements, and mammography of 600 women aged 40 to 69 years at the Preventive Medicine Department of Hospital de Câncer de Barretos, Brazil, in 2014. The results of these examinations in the BI-RADS categories 1 and 2 were grouped and classified in this study as normal mammogram outcome, and those of […]

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