7 results

Body composition, strength static and isokinetic, and bone health: comparative study between active adults and amateur soccer players

Óscar M. Tavares ORCID logo , João P. Duarte ORCID logo , André O. Werneck ORCID logo , Daniela C. Costa ORCID logo , Paulo Sousa-e-Silva ORCID logo , Diogo Martinho ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4419

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare tissue composition, total and regional bone mineral content and bone mineral density, static hand grip and knee joint isokinetic strength between amateur soccer players and Control Group. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Air displacement plethysmography was used to estimate body volume and, in turn, density. Body composition, bone mineral content and bone mineral density were assessed for the whole body and at standardized regions using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Static grip strength was assessed with an adjustable dynamometer, […]

Effects of overnight fasting on handgrip strength in inpatients

Wesley Santana Correa-Arruda ORCID logo , Iara dos Anjos Vaez ORCID logo , José Eduardo Aguilar-Nascimento ORCID logo , Diana Borges Dock-Nascimento ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4418

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the effects of overnight fasting on handgrip strength of adult inpatients. Methods: A prospective clinical study enrolling 221 adult patients. The endpoints were handgrip strength obtained by dynamometry in three time points (morning after an overnight fasting, after breakfast and after lunch) and the cumulative handgrip strength (mean of handgrip strength after breakfast and lunch) in the same day. The mean of three handgrip strength measures was considered to represent each time point. A cut-off for […]

Relation between functional mobility and dynapenia in institutionalized frail elderly

Antonio Vinicius Soares, Elessandra Marcelino, Késsia Cristina Maia, Noé Gomes Borges Junior

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082017AO3932

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the relation between functional mobility and dynapenia in institutionalized frail elderly. Methods A descriptive, correlational study involving 26 institutionalized elderly men and women, mean age 82.3±6 years. The instruments employed were the Mini Mental State Examination, the Geriatric Depression Scale, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, the Timed Up and Go test, a handgrip dynamometer and a portable dynamometer for large muscle groups (shoulder, elbow and hip flexors, knee extensors and ankle dorsiflexors). Results Significant negative correlation […]

Benefits of maltodextrin intake 2 hours before cholecystectomy by laparotomy in respiratory function and functional capacity: a prospective randomized clinical trial

Fabiana Vieira Breijão Zani, José Eduardo Aguilar-Nascimento, Diana Borges Dock Nascimento, Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva, Fernanda Stephan Caporossi, Cervantes Caporossi

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082015AO3251

ABSTRACTObjective:To evaluate the change in respiratory function and functional capacity according to the type of preoperative fasting.Methods:Randomized prospective clinical trial, with 92 female patients undergoing cholecystectomy by laparotomy with conventional or 2 hours shortened fasting. The variables measured were the peak expiratory flow, forced expiratory volume in the first second, forced vital capacity, dominant handgrip strength, and non-dominant handgrip strength. Evaluations were performed 2 hours before induction of anesthesia and 24 hours after the operation.Results:The two groups were similar in […]

Elderly women with metabolic syndrome present higher cardiovascular risk and lower relative muscle strength

Darlan Lopes Farias, Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Tatiane Gomes Teixeira, Denis César Leite Vieira, Vitor Tarja, Dahan da Cunha Nascimento, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200007

Objective:To compare the metabolic, anthropometric, arterial blood pressure, and muscle strength parameters of elderly women with and without metabolic syndrome.METHODS:A case-control study with 27 (67.3±4.8 years of age, 31.0±5.0kg/m²) elderly women with metabolic syndrome and 33 (68.8±5.6 years of age, 27.2±5.3kg/m²) sedentary control elderly women. They were submitted to an evaluation of body composition by means of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and muscle strength testing with 10 maximal repetitions of knee extension.RESULTS:When compared to the elderly women without metabolic syndrome, those […]

Relation of neck circumference and relative muscle strength and cardiovascular risk factors in sedentary women

Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Tatiane Gomes Teixeira, Darlan Lopes de Farias, Alessandro de Oliveira Silva, Bibiano Madrid, Alexandre Vieira, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082012000300013

Objective:To verify the relation of neck circumference and relative muscle strength and cardiovascular risk factors in sedentary women.METHODS:A cross-sectional study with 60 premenopausal women (33.9±9.1 years; 67.4±13.6kg; 1.57±0.6cm and 27.2±5.3kg/m²). Based on the neck circumference, the sample was divided into two groups: Group Circumference 35cm (n=33) to compare relative muscle strength and cardiovascular risk factors. The correlation between variables was tested by Pearson and Spearman correlations, with a significance level established at p35cm presented higher values of body mass, waist […]

Adductor pollicis muscle and hand grip strength: potential methods of nutritional assessment in outpatients with stroke

Débora Rocha Oliveira, Vera Silvia Frangella

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1763

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of different methods used for nutritional assessment of outpatients who had hemiplegic stroke. Methods: A cross-section study with adult and elderly patients of both genders enrolled in a rehabilitation center. The analyzed variables were anthropometric measurements, bioelectrical impedance, hand grip strength and thickness of the adductor pollicis muscle. The Pearson χ2 test was used to check the association between variables with a significance level of α = 5%. Results: When evaluating the […]