Dissatisfaction about body image and associated factors: a study of young undergraduate students

Laleska Pâmela Rodrigues da Silva ORCID logo , Ana Rita de Oliveira Tucan ORCID logo , Elisana Lima Rodrigues ORCID logo , Patrícia Vieira Del Ré ORCID logo , Priscila Milene Angelo Sanches ORCID logo , Deise Bresan ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4642

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the prevalence of dissatisfaction with body image and its association with socio-demographic, economic, and anthropometric variables, as well as levels of physical activity among undergraduate students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 348 undergraduate students at the dining hall of a public Brazilian university located in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. Body image perception was evaluated using the Silhouette Matching Task. The other variables assessed were sex, age, marital status, housing conditions, socioeconomic […]

Sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity as prognostic predictors in hospitalized elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction

Natália de Moraes Santana ORCID logo , Roberta Maria Lins Mendes ORCID logo , Nadja Fernandes da Silva ORCID logo , Cláudia Porto Sabino Pinho ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4632

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the potential value of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity as prognostic predictors in hospitalized elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on data collected from elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction, admitted to a public hospital located in the Northeastern region of Brazil, from April to July 2015. The diagnosis of sarcopenia was based on muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance measurements. Cardiovascular risk and prognostic markers, such as troponin and creatine […]

Drug interactions among older adults followed up in a comprehensive medication management service at Primary Care

Tayane Oliveira dos Santos ORCID logo , Mariana Martins Gonzaga do Nascimento ORCID logo , Yone Almeida Nascimento ORCID logo , Grazielli Cristina Batista de Oliveira ORCID logo , Ursula Carolina de Morais Martins ORCID logo , Danielle Fernandes da Silva ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4725

ABSTRACT Objective: To estimate the prevalence of drug interactions and associated factors among older adults followed up in a Comprehensive Medication Management Service at Primary Care. Methods: Firstly, the Beers criteria 2015 was used to define drug interactions; later, drug interactions proposed by Dumbreck for patients with diabetes, depression, and heart failure were evaluated. The associated factors were assessed by univariate (Pearson’s χ2) and multivariate analyses (logistic regression). The significance level of 5% was set for all analyses. Results: The […]

Drug therapy problems for patients with tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS at a reference hospital

Natália Helena de Resende ORCID logo , Silvana Spíndola de Miranda ORCID logo , Maria das Graças Braga Ceccato ORCID logo , João Paulo Amaral Haddad ORCID logo , Adriano Max Moreira Reis ORCID logo , Dirce Inês da Silva ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4696

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the frequency of drug therapy problem in the treatment of patients with tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. Methods: Data were obtained through a cross-sectional study conducted between September 2015 and December 2016 at a reference hospital in infectious diseases in Belo Horizonte (MG), Brazil. Sociodemographic, clinical, behavioral and pharmacotherapeutic variables were evaluated through a semi-structured questionnaire. Drug-related problems of pharmaceutical care were classified using the Pharmacotherapy Workup method. Factors associated with indication, effectiveness, safety and compliance drug therapy […]

Evaluation of safety, effectiveness and reproducibility of telemedicine for neurosurgical screening

Luiz Adriano Esteves ORCID logo , André Tosta Ribeiro ORCID logo , Elton Gomes da Silva ORCID logo , Marcelo Campos Moraes Amato ORCID logo , Leandro Bôa-Hora Rodrigues ORCID logo , Helder Tedeschi ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4609

ABSTRACT Objective: To ascertain the safety, effectiveness and reproducibility of screening potential neurosurgical patients by means of smartphones. Methods: This is a retrospective and multicentric study. Data were collected from the medical records of patients subjected to real emergency neurosurgical evaluations and compared with assessments by neurosurgeons using smartphones to determine the feasibility of identifying changes in cranial computed tomography scans, potentially serious conditions of patients, and the need for transfer to reference centers. Results: We analyzed 232 cases. The […]

Consensus on the investigation of thrombophilia in women and clinical management

Claudia Mac Donald Bley Nascimento ORCID logo , Andréa Maria Novaes Machado ORCID logo , João Carlos de Campos Guerra ORCID logo , Eduardo Zlotnik ORCID logo , Dirceu Hamilton Cordeiro Campêlo ORCID logo , Paulo Kauffman ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AE4510

ABSTRACT Objective To standardize the investigation and clinical management of women with laboratory and/or clinical abnormalities suggestive of thrombophilia, in order to optimize antithrombotic approach and indication of laboratory tests. Methodology A discussion was carried out among 107 physicians (gynecologists/obstetricians, hematologists and vascular surgeons) present at a forum held at the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, in São Paulo (SP), Brazil. As a minimum criterion, 80% agreement was established in the voting to each recommendation of conduct in the final document. […]

Therapeutic evaluation of magnetic hyperthermia using Fe3O4-aminosilane-coated iron oxide nanoparticles in glioblastoma animal model

Gabriel Nery de Albuquerque Rego ORCID logo , Javier Bustamante Mamani ORCID logo , Taylla Klei Felix Souza ORCID logo , Mariana Penteado Nucci ORCID logo , Helio Rodrigues da Silva ORCID logo , Lionel Fernel Gamarra ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4786

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the potential of magnetic hyperthermia using aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in glioblastoma tumor model. Methods: The aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were analyzed as to their stability in aqueous medium and their heating potential through specific absorption rate, when submitted to magnetic hyperthermia with different frequencies and intensities of alternating magnetic field. In magnetic hyperthermia in vitro assays, the C6 cells cultured and transduced with luciferase were analyzed by bioluminescence in the absence/presence of alternating […]

Evaluation and reconditioning of donor organs for transplantation through ex vivo lung perfusion

Luis Gustavo Abdalla ORCID logo , Karina Andrighetti de Oliveira-Braga ORCID logo , Lucas Matos Fernandes ORCID logo , Marcos Naoyuki Samano ORCID logo , Paula Refinetti Camerini ORCID logo , Paulo Manuel Pêgo-Fernandes ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4288

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the feasibility and impact of ex vivo lung perfusion with hyperoncotic solution (Steen Solution™) in the utilization of these organs in Brazil. Methods: In this prospective study, we subjected five lungs considered to be high risk for transplantation to 4 hours of ex vivo lung perfusion, with evaluation of oxygenation capacity. High-risk donor lungs were defined by specific criteria, including inflammatory infiltrates, pulmonary edema and partial pressure of arterial oxygen less than 300mmHg (inspired oxygen fraction […]

Risk profile for antiangiogenic agent-related osteonecrosis of the jaws

Raquel D’Aquino Garcia Caminha ORCID logo , Gabriela Moura Chicrala ORCID logo , Luiz Alberto Valente Soares Júnior ORCID logo , Paulo Sérgio da Silva Santos ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019RW4628

ABSTRACT To establish the profile of patients who developed antiangiogenic agent-related osteonecrosis of the jaws, and identify the treatments currently used in dental management. We searched the PubMed®/Medline® and Scopus databases using the words “osteonecrosis AND antiangiogenic therapy”, with the following inclusion criteria: articles published in English, case reports, available online, and for an unlimited period. Of the 209 articles retrieved, 18 were selected, for a total of 19 case reports, since one article included two cases that met the […]

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