521 results

Influence of parental smoking on the use of alcohol and illicit drugs among adolescents

Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira ORCID logo , Ana Raquel Mendes dos Santos ORCID logo , Breno Quintella Farah ORCID logo , Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias ORCID logo , Clara Maria Silvestre Monteiro de Freitas ORCID logo , Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4377

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the association between parental smoking and the use of alcohol and illicit drugs among adolescent children. Methods: A cross-sectional study with 6,264 adolescents (59.7% female) aged between 14 and 19 years. To establish the sample, we used two-stage cluster random sampling. The data on parental smoking and use of cigarettes, alcohol and illicit drugs among adolescents were collected using a questionnaire. Results: Smoking adolescents were more prone to use alcohol (odds ratio − OR: 10.35; 95%CI: […]

Comparison of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios in normoglycemic and hyperglycemic subjects

Brena Barros Mendes ORCID logo , Anniely Carvalho Rebouças Oliveira ORCID logo , Keila Correia de Alcântara ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4403

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios as possible parameters of systemic inflammation in hyperglycemic and normoglycemic subjects. Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional study of data collected from patients tested for fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood count on the same day, between July and December 2016. Patients were divided into hyperglycemic and normoglycemic, and matched by age and sex. The data were analyzed using Epi Info™, version 7.2.1.0, for the Windows® platform. Results: We enrolled 278 […]

Effects of overnight fasting on handgrip strength in inpatients

Wesley Santana Correa-Arruda ORCID logo , Iara dos Anjos Vaez ORCID logo , José Eduardo Aguilar-Nascimento ORCID logo , Diana Borges Dock-Nascimento ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4418

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the effects of overnight fasting on handgrip strength of adult inpatients. Methods: A prospective clinical study enrolling 221 adult patients. The endpoints were handgrip strength obtained by dynamometry in three time points (morning after an overnight fasting, after breakfast and after lunch) and the cumulative handgrip strength (mean of handgrip strength after breakfast and lunch) in the same day. The mean of three handgrip strength measures was considered to represent each time point. A cut-off for […]

When color helps

Ana Luiza Fontes de Azevedo Costa ORCID logo , Thiago Gonçalves dos Santos Martins ORCID logo , Ricardo Vieira Martins ORCID logo , Paulo Schor ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4410

ABSTRACT Objective: To reduce the inappropriate identification of eye drops, through the use of different colors. Methods: A group of 34 healthy volunteers was presented to two groups of four eye drops each. All eye drops were placed in identical, unlabelled vials. In one group, all four eye drops were transparent. In the other group, each had a different color. A number was assigned to each eye drop, and the volunteer was asked to identify it by color. We measured […]

Is quality of life affected by temporomandibular disorders?

Débora de Melo Trize ORCID logo , Marcela Pagani Calabria ORCID logo , Solange de Oliveira Braga Franzolin ORCID logo , Carolina Ortigosa Cunha ORCID logo , Sara Nader Marta ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4339

ABSTRACT Objective To determine the impact of temporomandibular disorders in quality of life. Methods A total of 102 volunteer patients (68 female) aged 19 to 86 years, who sought medical care in health clinics of the university and were evaluated in the period from September to December 2013. The subjects were examined according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders, using a mechanical algometer (Palpeter®) with standardized pressure of 0.5 and 1.0kg, and Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form […]

Effect of auditory-motor training on auditory processing of school children

Fátima Aparecida Gonçalves ORCID logo , Márcia Ribeiro Vieira ORCID logo , Liliane Desgualdo Pereira ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4359

ABSTRACT Objective To compare performance in Avaliação Simplificada do Processamento Auditivo Central and Scale of Auditory Behaviors scores before and after auditory and motor training. Methods Sample comprising 162 children aged 9 to 11 years and attending public schools in the city of São Paulo (SP), Brazil; 122 out of 162 children were allocated to one of three experimental groups: Multisensory; Auditory/Motor and Motor/Auditory. Experimental groups were submitted to 8 hours of auditory, visuospatial and motor stimulation over the course […]

Clinical, dietary and demographic characteristics interfering on quality of life of cancer patients

Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos ORCID logo , Wanderson Roberto da Silva ORCID logo , Maria Claudia Bernardes Spexoto ORCID logo , Sergio Vicente Serrano ORCID logo , João Marôco ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4368

ABSTRACT Objective To estimate the dietary intake of cancer patients and its relation with clinical and demographic characteristics, and to assess the contribution of dietary intake, appetite/symptoms and clinical and demographic characteristics to their quality of life. Methods The consumption of energy and macronutrients of patients was estimated. The relation between dietary intake and clinical and demographic characteristics was evaluated by analysis of variance. The intake of energy and macronutrient of the patients was compared to the nutritional recommendations using […]

Profile of drugs used for self-medication by elderly attended at a referral center

Samanta Bárbara Vieira de Oliveira ORCID logo , Soraya Coelho Costa Barroso ORCID logo , Maria Aparecida Camargos Bicalho ORCID logo , Adriano Max Moreira Reis ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4372

ABSTRACT Objective To determine the profile of medications used for self-medication by the elderly. Methods A cross-sectional study based on interviews with elderly seen at a reference center for Elderly Health of a teaching hospital, from July 2014 to July 2015. Clinical, demographic and pharmacotherapeutic data were collected. Results A total of 170 elderly were interviewed, 85.9% female, and the median age was 76 years. The frequency of self-medication was 80.5%. The most used medications for self-medication were central acting […]

Polyclonal anti T-lymphocyte antibody therapy monitoring in kidney transplant recipients: comparison of CD3+ T cell and total lymphocyte counts

Fabiani Palagi Machado ORCID logo , Alessandra Rosa Vicari ORCID logo , Fábio Spuldaro ORCID logo , João Batista Saldanha de Castro Filho ORCID logo , Roberto Ceratti Manfro ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4278

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the correlation between total lymphocyte and CD3+ T cell counts in peripheral blood in renal transplant patients treated with anti-thymocyte globulin, and discuss related outcomes. Methods: A single-center, retrospective study involving 226 patients submitted to kidney transplant between 2008 and 2013, and treated with anti-thymocyte globulin for induction or treatment of cellular rejection. Doses were adjusted according to CD3+ T cell or total lymphocyte counts in peripheral blood. Results: A total of 664 paired samples were […]

Percutaneous laser ablation of benign thyroid nodules: a one year follow-up study

Antonio Rahal Junior ORCID logo , Priscila Mina Falsarella ORCID logo , Guilherme Falleiros Mendes ORCID logo , Jairo Tabacow Hidal ORCID logo , Danielle Macellaro Andreoni ORCID logo , José Flávio Ferreira Lúcio ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4279

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate safety and effectiveness of nodule volume reduction and thyroid function after percutaneous laser ablation treatment in patients with benign nonfunctioning thyroid nodules. Methods Prospective single-center study, from January 2011 to October 2012, which evaluated 30 euthyroid and thyroid antibodies negative patients with benign solitary or dominant nodule with indication of treatment due to compressive symptoms and aesthetic disturbances. The clinical and laboratory (thyroid ultrasound, TSH, FT4, TG, TG-Ab, TPO-Ab and TRAb levels) evaluations were performed before […]

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