7 results

Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging of elbow ligaments: a comparative study

Aureliano Torquato Brandão ORCID logo , Edson Amaro Junior ORCID logo , Miguel José Francisco Neto ORCID logo , Rubens Mitsuo Tanaka ORCID logo , Durval do Carmo Barros Santos ORCID logo , Frederico Celestino Miranda ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4579

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the value of ultrasonography in elbow ligament assessment compared to magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: A prospective single-center study involving 30 volunteers with no elbow joint changes. Two experienced ultrasound specialists evaluated both elbows of each volunteer, resulting in 60 evaluations per physician and totaling up 120 evaluations. Magnetic resonance images were obtained using a 3-Tesla machine and evaluated by two experienced radiologists, totaling up 120 exams. Each examiner assigned subjective, zero-to-5 scores to ligaments imaged, where […]

Hormone treatment as first line therapy is safe and relieves pelvic pain in women with bowel endometriosis

Marina Paula Andres ORCID logo , Renata Franco Pimentel Mendes ORCID logo , Camila Hernandes ORCID logo , Sérgio Eduardo Alonso Araújo ORCID logo , Sérgio Podgaec ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4583

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate clinical features and complications in patients with bowel endometriosis submitted to hormonal therapy. Methods: Retrospective study based on data extracted from medical records of 238 women with recto-sigmoid endometriosis treated between May 2010 and May 2016. Results: Over the course of follow-up, 143 (60.1%) women remained in medical treatment while 95 (39.9%) presented with worsening of pain symptoms or intestinal lesion growth (failure of medical treatment group), with surgical resection performed in 54 cases. Women in […]

Assessing how emergency and trauma ultrasonography is taught to medical students

José Cruvinel Neto ORCID logo , Vinicius Rinaldi Vieira Marcondes ORCID logo , Marcelo Augusto Fontenelle Ribeiro Junior ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019AO4469

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate a method aimed at teaching ultrasound techniques to medical students in emergency settings. Methods A prospective study conducted with 66 sixth-year undergraduate medical students. Students participated in theory and practicing sessions with a 5-hour load; knowledge acquisition was assessed through pre- and post-course and 90-day tests. A questionnaire were distributed to the students after course completion for theoretical and practical knowledge assessment. Results Average pre-test grade in theoretical content evaluation was 4.9, compared to 7.6 right […]

Percutaneous drainage of iliopsoas abscess: an effective option in cases not suitable for surgery

Diego Lima Nava Martins ORCID logo , Francisco de Assis Cavalcante Junior ORCID logo , Priscila Mina Falsarella ORCID logo , Antonio Rahal Junior ORCID logo , Rodrigo Gobbo Garcia ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018RC4254

ABSTRACT The aim of this study were to describe the technique of percutaneous drainage of iliopsoas abscess, and to discuss the benefits of using this minimally-invasive tool. A single center study with retrospective analysis of patients with psoas abscess confirmed by imaging scans, sent to the interventional medicine center and submitted to computed tomography and ultrasound-guided percutaneous drainage, from November 2013 to August 2016. Seven patients underwent percutaneous drainage of psoas abscess in this period. The mean initial drained volume […]

Application of botulinum toxin to treat sialorrhea in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients: a literature review

Ademar Francisco de Oliveira Filho, Gêssyca Adryene de Menezes Silva, Débora Milenna Xavier Almeida

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082016RB3594

ABSTRACTAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive and fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by the degeneration of motor neurons, which are the central nervous system cells that control voluntary muscle movements. The excessive salivation (sialorrhea) is present in approximately 50% of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases. Thus, some alternative therapeutic methods are sought, such as anticholinergic drugs and surgery. Recently the use of botulinum toxin applied at a midpoint of the salivary glands, often guided by ultrasound, have demonstrated positive results. The objective […]

Frequency of peri-intraventricular hemorrhage and its associated factors in premature newborns

Evelyn Arrais Guzman, José Ricardo Dias Bertagnon, Yara Juliano

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1632

ABSTRACTObjective:To identify the frequency of intracranial hemorrhage and its associated factors in premature newborns.Methods:A cross-sectional study based on a survey of medical records of premature neonates submitted to transfontanellar ultrasound at a hospital located in a southern neighborhood of the city of São Paulo, in 2007.Results:A 50% rate of intracranial hemorrhage was found among premature newborns submitted to transfontanellar ultrasound, and 15.35% among all premature babies born in this hospital in 2007. The statistically significant factors associated to intracranial hemorrhage […]

Modification of the gasless fetoscopy technique for the treatment of large myelomeningocele: a study in sheep

Denise Araujo Lapa Pedreira, Gregório Lorenzo Acácio, Rogério Chaccur Abou-Jamra, Rita de Cássia Sanches Oliveira, Elia Garcia Caldini, Paulo Hilário Nascimento Saldiva

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1440

ABSTRACTObjective:To change the gasless fetoscopy technique in order to reduce the diameter of entry orifices in the myometrium.Methods:Seven pregnant ewes were submitted to fetoscopy for repairing a large skin defect measuring 4.0 × 3.0 cm, created in the fetal lumbar region at the gestational age of 100 days. The defect was repaired through continuous suture of the skin with approximation of borders. Gasless fetoscopy was used for performing the suture with three orifices to allow entry of the trocar into […]