16 results

Indicators of depression in elderly and different screening methods

Amanda Gilvani Cordeiro Matias, Marília de Andrade Fonsêca, Maria de Lourdes de Freitas Gomes, Marcos Antonio Almeida Matos

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082016AO3447

ABSTRACTObjectiveTo determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms among elderly and correlate the agreement between the screening methods used.Methods A cross-section study of 137 elderly attending the Programa Vivendo a Terceira Idade [Living for the Elderly Program]. Depressive symptoms were screened by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale, by Yesavage. Cohen´s kappa analyzed the degree of agreement of these scales.Results The prevalence of depressive symptoms screened by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 was 62.8% and, by the Geriatric […]

Comparative study of quality of life of adult survivors of childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia and Wilms’ tumor

Clélia Marta Casellato de Souza, Lilian Maria Cristofani, Ana Lucia Beltrati Cornacchioni, Vicente Odone Filho, Evelyn Kuczynski

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082015AO3231

ABSTRACTObjective To analyze and compare the health-related quality of life of adult survivors of acute lymphocytic leukemia and Wilms’ tumor amongst themselves and in relation to healthy participants.Methods Ninety participants aged above 18 years were selected and divided into three groups, each comprising 30 individuals. The Control Group was composed of physically healthy subjects, with no cancer history; and there were two experimental groups: those diagnosed as acute lymphocytic leukemia, and those as Wilms’ Tumor. Quality of life was assessed […]

Quality of emergency rooms and urgent care services: user satisfaction

Cássio de Almeida Lima, Bruna Tatiane Prates dos Santos, Dina Luciana Batista Andrade, Francielle Alves Barbosa, Fernanda Marques da Costa, Jair Almeida Carneiro

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082015GS3347

Objective To evaluate the quality of emergency rooms and urgent care services according to the satisfaction of their users.Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study with a quantitative approach. The sample comprised 136 users and was drawn at random. Data collection took place between October and November 2012 using a structured questionnaire.Results Participants were mostly male (64.7%) aged less than 30 years (55.8%), and the predominant level of education was high school (54.4%). Among the items evaluated, those that were statistically associated […]

Are smoking and passive smoking related with heart rate variability in male adolescents?

Renata Melo Gondim, Breno Quintella Farah, Carolina da Franca Bandeira Ferreira Santos, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082015AO3226

ObjectiveTo analyze the relation between smoking and passive smoking with heart rate variability parameters in male adolescents.MethodsThe sample consisted of 1,152 males, aged 14 and 19 years. Data related to smoking and passive smoking were collected using a questionnaire. RR intervals were obtained by a heart rate monitor, on supine position, for 10 minutes. After collecting the RR intervals, time (standard deviation of all RR intervals, root mean square of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals and the […]

Pre-participation gynecological evaluation of female athletes: a new proposal

Tathiana Rebizzi Parmigiano, Eliana Viana Monteiro Zucchi, Maíta Poli de Araujo, Camila Santa Cruz Guindalini, Rodrigo de Aquino Castro, Zsuzsanna Ilona Katalin de Jármy Di Bella, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO3205

ObjectiveTo propose the inclusion of a gynecological investigation during the evaluation of athletes before competitions, using a specific instrument called the Pre-participation Gynecological Examination (PPGE).MethodsThe study assessed 148 athletes, mean age of 15.4±2.0 years, who engaged in eight different sports modalities, and who responded to a questionnaire named Pre-Participation Gynecological Examination (PPGE), to the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire – Short Form (for urinary loss), and to the Eating Attitudes Test (for eating disorders).ResultsFifty percent of the participants reported irregular […]

Theoretical and practical knowledge of Nursing professionals on indirect blood pressure measurement at a coronary care unit

Juliana Pereira Machado, Eugenia Velludo Veiga, Paulo Alexandre Camargo Ferreira, José Carlos Amado Martins, Ana Carolina Queiroz Godoy Daniel, Amanda dos Santos Oliveira, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082014ao2984

Objective To determine and to analyze the theoretical and practical knowledge of Nursing professionals on indirect blood pressure measurement.Methods This cross-sectional study included 31 professionals of a coronary care unit (86% of the Nursing staff in the unit). Of these, 38.7% of professionals were nurses and 61.3% nurse technicians. A validated questionnaire was used to theoretical evaluation and for practice assessment the auscultatory technique was applied in a simulation environment, under a non-participant observation.Results To the theoretical knowledge of the […]

Scales on Quality of Life in patients with spinal cord injury: integrative review

Rita Lacerda Aquarone, Ana Cristina Mancussi e Faro

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014RW2591

Studies evaluating the Quality of Life of individuals with spinal cord injury using different research tools demonstrate that the Quality of Life scores are considered low both in national and international studies. The objective of this review was to characterize the international scientific production about the most used scales to assess Quality of Life in patients with spinal cord injury. We examined articles on Quality of Life of patients with spinal cord injury published over the last 5 years and […]

Medical awareness concerning primary immunodeficiency diseases in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

Ellen de Oliveira Dantas, Carolina Sanchez Aranda, Fernanda Aimée Nobre, Kristine Fahl, Juliana Themudo Lessa Mazzucchelli, Erika Felix, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000400013

Objective:To evaluate medical knowledge of primary immunodeficiency in the city of São Paulo (SP).METHODS:A 14-item questionnaire about primary immunodeficiency was applied to physicians who worked at general hospitals. One of the questions presented 25 clinical situations that could be associated or not with primary immunodeficiency, and the percentage of appropriate answers generated a knowledge indicator.RESULTS:Seven hundred and forty-six participated in the study, among them 215 pediatricians (28.8%), 244 surgeons (32.7%), and 287 clinicians (38.5%). About 70% of the physicians responded […]

Evaluating compliance to a cardiac rehabilitation program in a private general hospital

Vanessa Mair, Ana Paula Breda, Marcos Eduardo Boquembuzo Nunes, Luciana Diniz Nagem Janot de Matos

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000300004

Objective:Identify the primary factors that influenced the participant in our cardiovascular rehabilitation program towards missing their therapy sessions, and to correlate those factors with age, cardiovascular risk, and motivation of our population.METHODS:We conducted a retrospective study with 42 patients (69.15±13.93 years) participating in the cardiac rehabilitation program at a general hospital in São Paulo, through the analysis of two scales applied during the initial evaluation: Cardiac Rehabilitation Barriers Scale and scale of the original provision. We used Spearman correlation to […]

Correlation between breastfeeding and maternal health status

Carlos Zubaran, Katia Foresti

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200008

Objective:To examine the relation between breastfeeding efficacy and health status in a sample of 88 mothers from Southern Brazil.METHODS:Research participants completed the Portuguese version of the General Health Questionnaire and the Personal Health Scale. Breastfeeding efficacy was evaluated using the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale. Correlations between breastfeeding and health status scores were examined using Pearson’s correlation coefficient.RESULTS:The results of this study revealed significant correlations between the scores of the two general health and well-being questionnaires and the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale. Bivariate […]

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