Evaluating compliance to a cardiac rehabilitation program in a private general hospital
Identify the primary factors that influenced the participant in our cardiovascular rehabilitation program towards missing their therapy sessions, and to correlate those factors with age, cardiovascular risk, and motivation of our population.
We conducted a retrospective study with 42 patients (69.15±13.93 years) participating in the cardiac rehabilitation program at a general hospital in São Paulo, through the analysis of two scales applied during the initial evaluation: Cardiac Rehabilitation Barriers Scale and scale of the original provision. We used Spearman correlation to relate them to absenteeism, cardiovascular risk age and duration of cardiac rehabilitation.
The total score of barriers was 31±6 and the mean score of 1.47±0.31. The main barriers subscales were related to “travel/labor dispute” and “personal problems/family.” The percentage of absenteeism was 8.4% in the number of sessions that could be made in the month. The faults and cancellations were positively correlated with cardiovascular risk (p=0.01; r=0.4) and negatively with scale provision of baseline (p=0.03; r=-0.35) and age (p=0.02; r=-0.35).
“Travel/labor dispute”, “personal/ family problems”, and low initial provision are the main factors absenteism in a cardiac rehabilitation program in a general hospital in São Paulo.