einstein (São Paulo). 28/Aug/2018;16(3):eAO4351.

Trends in surgical treatment of femoral neck fractures in the elderly

Eva Jolanda Irene Lehtonen ORCID logo , Robert Davis Stibolt Jr ORCID logo , Walter Smith ORCID logo , Bradley Wills ORCID logo , Martim Correia Pinto ORCID logo , Gerald McGwin Jr ORCID logo , Ashish Shah ORCID logo , Alexandre Leme Godoy-Santos ORCID logo , Sameer Naranje ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4351

ABSTRACT

Objective

To analyze recent demographic and medical billing trends in treatment of femoral neck fracture of American elderly patients.

Methods

The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was analyzed from 2006 to 2015, for patients aged 65 years and older, using the Current Procedural Terminology codes 27130, 27125, 27235, and 27236. Patient demographics, postoperative complications, and frequency of codes were compared and analyzed over time. Our sample had 17,122 elderly patients, in that, 70% were female, mean age of 80.1 years (standard deviation±6.6 years).

Results

The number of cases increased, but age, gender, body mass index, rates of diabetes and smoking did not change over time. Open reduction internal fixation was the most commonly billed code, with 9,169 patients (53.6%), followed by hemiarthroplasty with 5,861 (34.2%) patients. Combined estimated probability of morbidity was 9.8% (standard deviation±5.2%), and did not change significantly over time. Postoperative complication rates were similar between treatments.

Conclusion

Demographics and morbidity rates in femoral neck fractures of elderly patients did not change significantly from 2006 to 2015. Open reduction internal fixation was the most common treatment followed by hemiarthroplasty.

Trends in surgical treatment of femoral neck fractures in the elderly

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