15 results

Adequacy of oxygenation parameters in elderly patients undergoing mechanical ventilation

Luana Petruccio Cabral Monteiro Guedes, Fabrício Costa Delfino, Flavia Perassa de Faria, Gislane Ferreira de Melo, Gustavo de Azevedo Carvalho

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000400011

Objective:To compare ideal PaO2 with PaO2 found, ideal PaO2/FiO2 of room air with the one found, and ideal FiO2 with FiO2 found in mechanically ventilated elderly patients.METHODS:Cross-sectional study that evaluated elderly mechanically ventilated patients for at least 72 hours and who underwent three subsequent blood gas analyses.RESULTS:The sample consisted of 48 elderly with mean age of 74.77±9.36 years. There was a significant difference between the ideal PaO2 and the one found (p

Pandemic influenza A/H1N1: comparative analysis of microscopic lung histopathological findings

Roberta Marchiori, Carla Sakuma de Oliveira Bredt, Marcos Menezes Freitas de Campos, Fábio Negretti, Péricles Almeida Delfino Duarte

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082012000300009

Objective:To analyze the histopathological lung findings of four fatal cases of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic and their correlation with clinical and epidemiological characteristics.METHODS:Descriptive data from medical records of four patients who died in the Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital in 2009. Nasopharyngeal aspirate specimens were collected from the patients and were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Lung biopsy was performed post mortem; a score of intensity for pathological changes was applied.RESULTS:Three patients had positive real-time polymerase […]

The epidemiological profile of Pediatric Intensive Care Center at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein

Camila Sanches Lanetzki, Carlos Augusto Cardim de Oliveira, Lital Moro Bass, Sulim Abramovici, Eduardo Juan Troster

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082012000100005

Objective:This study outlined the epidemiological profiles of patients who were admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Center at Albert Einstein Israelite Hospital during 2009.METHODS:Data were retrospectively collected for all patients admitted to the PICC during 2009. A total of 433 medical charts were reviewed, and these data were extracted using the DATAMARTS System and analyzed using the statistical software package STATA, version 11.0.RESULTS:There were no statistically significant differences in regards to patient gender, and the predominant age group consisted of […]

Quality assessment of inhospital patients unable to speak who use alternative and extended communication

Fabrício Marinho Bandeira, Flávia Perassa de Faria, Everaldo Batista de Araujo

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011ao2083

ABSTRACTObjective:To implement the use of alternative communication boards in patients hospitalized and unable to communicate by speech.Methods:A descriptive study with a sample of 30 patients hospitalized and unable to communicate by speech. Boards were made with Boardmaker® Software that consists of a graphical database containing Pictorial Communication Symbols. To assess the quality of life of these patients, the Portuguese SF-36, a translated version of the Medical Outcomes Study, was applied before and after the study.Results:We found that all domains of […]

Procalcitonin in patients with influenza A (H1N1) infection and acute respiratory failure

Péricles Almeida Delfino Duarte, Carla Sakuma de Oliveira Bredt, Gerson Luís Bredt Jr, Amaury César Jorge, Alisson Venazzi, Leônidas Gustavo Tondo, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082011AO1878

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify serum procalcitonin levels of patients with acute respiratory failure secondary to influenza A (H1N1) upon their admission to the Intensive Care Unit and to compare these results to values found in patients with sepsis and trauma admitted to the same unit. Methods: Analysis of records of patients infected with influenza A (H1N1) and respiratory failure admitted to the General Intensive Care Unit during in a period of 60 days. The values of serum procalcitonin and clinical […]

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