einstein (São Paulo). 19/Apr/2018;16(1):eAO4137.

Sericin and swimming on histomorphometric parameters of denervated plantar muscle in Wistar rats

André Santana Junior, Jean Carlos Debastiani, Pâmela Buratti, Ana Luiza Peretti, Regina Inês Kunz, Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão, Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro, Márcia Miranda Torrejais, Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertolini

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4137

Abstract

Objective

To analyze the combined effects of the silk protein sericin and swimming exercise on histomorphometry of the plantar muscle in Wistar rats.

Methods

Forty adult rats were randomly allocated into 5 groups comprising 8 animals each, as follows: Control, Injury, Sericin, Swim, and Swim plus Sericin. Three days after crushing of the sciatic nerve the rats in the Swim and Swim plus Sericin Groups were submitted to swimming exercise for 21 days. Rats were then euthanized and the plantar muscle harvested and processed.

Results

Cross-sectional area, peripheral nuclei and muscle fiber counts, nucleus/fiber ratio and smallest muscle fiber width did not differ significantly between groups. Morphological analysis revealed hypertrophic fibers in the Swim Group and evident muscle damage in the Swim plus Sericin and Injury Groups. The percentage of intramuscular collagen was apparently maintained in the Swim Group compared to remaining groups.

Conclusion

Combined treatment with sericin and swimming exercise did not improve muscle properties. However, physical exercise alone was effective in maintaining intramuscular connective tissue and preventing progression of deleterious effects of peripheral nerve injury.

Sericin and swimming on histomorphometric parameters of denervated plantar muscle in Wistar rats

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