einstein (São Paulo). 25/Jun/2019;17(4):eED5064.
Scientific integrity 2.0: misconduct. Let’s prevent, not punish!
The growing complexity of modern, innovative research has brought up important issues concerning research compliance and responsible conduct of research. The scope of items to be managed have expanded to include a great variety of issues, ranging from authorship, plagiarism, data management, confidentiality, patent rights, conflicts of interest to ethical conduct, animal well-being and social aspects of ongoing research.() All these factors have increasingly burdened the daily routine of wet laboratories, clinical research centers, and animal facilities involved in scientific endeavor.
A clear effect resulting from the worldwide boom in science and innovation is the increase in retractions of papers by authors, journals, and industry partners. Retractions are in the spotlight and have gained even more notoriety after the launching of the Retraction Watch Database () on October 25, 2018.() This state of affairs has to be dealt with by the scientific community, academic institutions, compliance managers, and stakeholders in general. This is partly driven by the perception of the piling up of retractions − approximately 500 per year. As a result, there is a mounting interest that academic institutions take a more proactive role in helping researchers, graduate students, and collaborating partners to comply with research integrity. The first step to ensure great rigor in performing research is to comply with organizational rules and norms, which can be done with assistance by research management.[…]