einstein (São Paulo). 19/Jun/2019;17(3):eRC4570.

Live fetus inside the urinary bladder: a case report

Úrsula Trovato Gomez ORCID logo , Pedro Paulo Pereira ORCID logo , Fábio Roberto Cabar ORCID logo , José Luiz Borges de Mesquita, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira Francisco ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2019RC4570


Vesicouterine fistula is a rare condition. Its incidence, however, has been increasing due to the higher incidence of cesarean sections. The presence of a live fetus inside the bladder who passed through a vesicouterine fistula is an extremely rare situation. We report a case of woman who underwent two previous cesarean sections, was referred to a hospital due to mild pelvic pain and genital bleeding. At the moment, physical examination was normal. Ultrasound scan revealed a gestational sac inserted into the anterior wall of the uterus, with a living fetus of approximately 13 weeks, with active body movement and normal heart rate inside it. The fetal abdomen, around the waist, was stuck at the opening of a vesicouterine fistula, so that the fetal head and trunk were entirely into the bladder cavity, while lower limbs remained at the uterine cavity. Laparotomy was performed, the fistulous tract was excised, the fetus (without heart beating) was removed on opening the bladder, and the uterine cavity was emptied. The defects in the bladder and uterus were repaired. The postoperative period was uneventful. A live fetus inside the urinary bladder is a rare condition the continuation of pregnancy is unlikely and the vesicouterine correction can be made by the time of surgical intervention.

Live fetus inside the urinary bladder: a case report