Incidence of skin conditions in neonates born at a public hospital associated with some variables in pregnant women at risk
To verify the incidence of skin diseases in newborns of pregnant women at risk of a public hospital in the city of Santos, Brazil (Hospital Guilherme Alvaro), determining the potential relation between these dermatoses and diseases presented by the mothers.
A total of 1,000 neonates were examined in the first 36 hours of life. The examination was repeated daily in each child up to hospital discharge. The paternal and newborn variables were submitted to analysis to detect statistically significant associations.
The most frequent skin disorders were: Mongolian spot (69.8%), erythema toxicum neonatorum (19.7%), Port-wine stain (angiomatous naevi) (13.9%), and hypertrichosis lanuginose (10.3%).
Minipuberty had a low incidence in neonates of diabetic mothers. The incidence of Mongolian spot was very low among newborns classified as caucasian.