einstein (São Paulo). 01/Mar/2010;8(1):80-5.

Communication difficulties and strategies used by the nurses and their team in caring for the hearing impaired

Fernanda da Rocha Britto, Maria Mercedes Fernandez Samperiz

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1339

ABSTRACT
Objectives:
To identify communication difficulties faced by the nursing staff and to learn the strategies developed for non-oral communication.
Methods:
This is a descriptive, exploratory, level I study with a quantitative approach. The sample group comprised 37 registered nurses and 63 licensed practical nurses of a private hospital who, after undergoing the ethical-legal procedures, answered a questionnaire to identify difficulties faced and strategies used in the care for hearing-impaired patients.
Results:
Difficulty in explaining matters of interest to the patient was reported by 66% of professionals; and 32% reported difficulties in understanding patients in their way of communicate. The strategy adopted by 100% of respondents was mimicry, followed by lip reading, used by 94% of respondents; help from a person accompanying the patient was used by 65%, and written communication by 42% of respondents. Only 1% used communication via the Brazilian Sign Language (LIBRAS).
Conclusions:
The difficulties found and the strategies adopted by the nursing staff in communicating with hearing-impaired patients justify the need to train these professionals to deliver a more humanized care, developing a more inclusive society for those with special needs.

Communication difficulties and strategies used by the nurses and their team in caring for the hearing impaired

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