einstein (São Paulo). 21/Nov/2018;16(4):eAO4368.

Clinical, dietary and demographic characteristics interfering on quality of life of cancer patients

Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos ORCID logo , Wanderson Roberto da Silva ORCID logo , Maria Claudia Bernardes Spexoto ORCID logo , Sergio Vicente Serrano ORCID logo , João Marôco ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4368

ABSTRACT

Objective

To estimate the dietary intake of cancer patients and its relation with clinical and demographic characteristics, and to assess the contribution of dietary intake, appetite/symptoms and clinical and demographic characteristics to their quality of life.

Methods

The consumption of energy and macronutrients of patients was estimated. The relation between dietary intake and clinical and demographic characteristics was evaluated by analysis of variance. The intake of energy and macronutrient of the patients was compared to the nutritional recommendations using 95% confidence interval. The Cancer Appetite and Symptom Questionnaire (CASQ) and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC QLQ C-30) were used to assess appetite/symptoms and quality of life, respectively. The psychometric properties of the instruments were estimated. A structural equation model was prepared.

Results

In this study, 772 cancer patients (63.1% women) participated. There was a significant relation between dietary intake and work activity, economic class, specialty field of cancer, type of treatment and nutritional status. Patients’ energy and macronutrients intake was below recommended values. Both CASQ and EORTC QLQ C-30 were refined to fit the data. In the structural model, impaired appetite, more symptoms, presence of metastasis, being female and of higher economic classes were characteristics that significantly contributed to interfering in patients’ quality of life.

Conclusion

The dietary intake of oncology patients did not reach the recommended values. Different characteristics impacted on quality of life of patients and should be considered in clinical and epidemiological protocols.

Clinical, dietary and demographic characteristics interfering on quality of life of cancer patients

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