Obesity, sarcopenia, sarcopenic obesity and reduced mobility in Brazilian older people aged 80 years and over
ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze which abnormalities in body composition (obesity, sarcopenia or sarcopenic obesity) are related to reduced mobility in older people aged 80 years and older. Methods: The sample included 116 subjects aged 80 years and older. The body composition was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and mobility was assessed by motor tests. The χ2 test was used to analyze the proportion of older people with sarcopenia, obesity and sarcopenic obesity based on sex as well as to […]
Pain assessment in elderly with dementia: Brazilian validation of the PACSLAC scale
ABSTRACTObjectiveTo validate the Pain Assessment Checklist for Seniors with Limited Ability to Communicate – Portuguese in demented elderly and to analyze its measurement properties.Methods We evaluated 50 elderly with dementia, residing in a nursing home and with limited communication ability, when exposed to potentially painful situations. The tool was applied at two different moments. First, two interviewers applied it simultaneously, and the intensity of pain was asked based on the caregiver’s opinion. After 14 days, with no analgesic intervention, one […]
Vertigo and dizziness in elderly patients with neurological disorders
ABSTRACTObjective:To evaluate the frequency of central vestibular disorders, vertigo and dizziness in patients aged 65 to 90 years.Methods:We analyzed 735 patients in this age range seen consecutively from January 1990 to December 2009.Results:A total of 32 patients had central vestibular disorders, and 11 had neurological disorders diagnosed by imaging.Conclusion:Vertigo and dizziness occur frequently in elderly people with neurological disorders, and affect their quality of life. Falling is common and may lead to disabling consequences.