10 results

Association between active commuting and elevated blood pressure in adolescents

Fábio da Silva Santana, Aline Cabral Palmeira, Marcos André Moura dos Santos, Breno Quintella Farah, Bruna Cadengue Coêlho de Souza, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082017AO4093

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the association between active commuting and blood pressure in adolescents. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with high school students from public education network in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Data from 6039 students (14 to 19 years) were collected using a questionnaire. “Physically inactive” were considered those who reported not to walk or ride a bicycle to and from school on any day of the past week, and/or those who, regardless of the weekly frequency […]

Urban versus rural lifestyle in adolescents: associations between environment, physical activity levels and sedentary behavior

Manuela Ferreira Regis, Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Mendes dos Santos, Ameliane da Conceição Reubens Leonidio, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Clara Maria Silvestre Monteiro de Freitas

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082016ao3788

ABSTRACTObjectiveTo analyze the levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents living in urban and rural areas.Methods An epidemiological, cross-section study with quantitative design, carried out at the regional level. The sample comprised 6,234 students aged 14 to 19 years, selected using random cluster sampling. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used in the analysis.Results A total of 74.5% of adolescents lived in urban areas. After adjustment, rural residents spent less time watching television (odds ratio – […]

Physical activity as a protective factor for development of non-alcoholic fatty liver in men

Carla Giuliano de Sá Pinto, Marcio Marega, José Antonio Maluf de Carvalho, Felipe Gambetta Carmona, Carlos Eduardo Felix Lopes, Fabio Luis Ceschini, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082015AO2878

ObjectiveTo determine the impact of physical activity on the prevalence of fatty liver, metabolic and cardiovascular disease in adult men.MethodsThis study evaluated 1,399 men (40.7±8.18 years) with body mass index of 26.7kg/m2 (±3.4) who participated in the Protocol of Preventive Health Check-up at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein from January to October 2011. We conducted tests of serum blood glucose, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triglycerides, reactive c-protein, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. The statistical analysis comprised in the comparison […]

Effectiveness of exercise at workplace in physical fitness: uncontrolled randomized study

Antônio José Grande, Valter Silva, Sérgio Alencar Parra

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO2956

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness of workplace exercise for employee health by means of health-related physical activity components.Methods: A randomized uncontrolled study with 20 workers was carried out during three months to evaluate a workplace exercise program. The selected outcomes were flexibility, body mass, fat percentage, lean mass, blood pressure, and heart rate. For statistical analysis, the paired t test and the intent-to-treat analysis were used.Results: There was a significant increase in weight, fat percentage, blood pressure, and heart rate. However […]

Effects of resistance training and aerobic exercise in elderly people concerning physical fitness and ability: a prospective clinical trial

Maria Fernanda Bottino Roma, Alexandre Leopold Busse, Rosana Aparecida Betoni, Antonio Cesar de Melo, Juwando Kong, Jose Maria Santarem, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200003

Objective:To compare the effects of physical fitness and function on older adults in two programs of supervised exercise activity: resistance training and aerobic exercise.METHODS:This study is a randomized, prospective clinical trial composed of sedentary elderly people who did not have contraindications to exercise. Participants were divided into two groups: group one performed 6 exercises of resistance training twice a week, and group two participated in walking activity for 30 minutes twice a week. Functional assessment (time 0,6 and 12 months) […]

Stages of health behavior change and factors associated with physical activity in patients with intermittent claudication

Jacilene Guedes de Oliveira, João Paulo dos Anjos Souza Barbosa, Breno Quintella Farah, Marcel da Rocha Chehuen, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Nelson Wolosker, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082012000400005

Objective:To analyze, in people with intermittent claudication, the frequency of individuals who are in each of stages of health behavior change to practice physical activity, and analyze the association of these stages with the walking capacity.METHODS:We recruited 150 patients with intermittent claudication treated at a tertiary center, being included those >30-year-old-individuals and who had ankle-arm index

Prevalence of lower back pain and physical inactivity: the impact of psychosocial factors in pregnant women served by the Family Health Strategy

Wilma Ferreira Guedes Rodrigues, Leila Rangel da Silva, Maria Aparecida de Luca Nascimento, Carlos Soares Pernambuco, Tania Santos Giani, Estélio Henrique Martin Dantas

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011ao2186

ABSTRACTObjective:This study analyzed the impact of psychosocial factors on pregnant women with lower back pain and an associated lack of physical activity prior to pregnancy.Methods:The sample included 66 pregnant women who were randomly selected from a total of 84 patients in the waiting rooms of the Family Health Units in Cuitegí, Paraíba, from September to November 2009. An epidemiological questionnaire adapted from the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale was used for data collection. The questions about back pain, physical activity, […]

Physical activity and stress coping in the elderly

Fernando de Andréa, Fernanda Varkala Lanuez, Adriana Nunes Machado, Wilson Jacob Filho

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1549

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the value of a physical activity program on stress coping of the elderly. Methods: Intervention study with a group of 18 elderly people referred by the Geriatric Service of the Hospital das Clinicas of the Universidade de Sao Paulo, who attended a supervised exercise program, evaluated by the human activity profile and the coping questionnaire. Results: In the coping and functional performance scales, increased stress coping capacity and improvement of daily activities were found after exposure […]

Correlation between two physical activity programs in the gait of sedentary elderly subjects

Mariana Varkala Lanuez, Fernanda Varkala Lanuez, Eduardo Gunther Montero, Wilson Jacob Filho

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1585

ABSTRACTObjectives:To assess the effect of exercise on gait using two different programs: a group of aerobic exercises (Group A, n = 18) and a group of flexibility and balance exercises (Group B, n = 19).Methods:A casualized controlled study, in which each sample controlled itself, was undertaken. The sample comprised 37 male and female subjects, aged from 60 to 90 years, from the outpatient clinic of the Geriatrics Unit of Hospital das Clínicas of Faculdade de Medicina of Universidade de São […]

The impact of motivational interventions for increasing physical activity

Aneci Sobral Rocha, Marcio Marega

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1442

ABSTRACTObjective:To assess whether incentives for practicing regular physical activities in fact help raising the frequency of exercising.Methods:Male and female subjects undergoing two to three assessments in the Check-Up Unit of Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein (HIAE) were evaluated by noting any increase in levels of physical activity, improvements in mean metabolic unit numbers, and the sensitization index. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire was applied to assess the sample.Results:There were 1,879 subjects − 1,559 (83%) males and 320 (17%) females – aged […]