19 results

Short-term effects of moderate intensity physical activity in patients with metabolic syndrome

Caroline Macoris Colombo, Rafael Michel de Macedo, Miguel Morita Fernandes-Silva, Alexandra Moro Caporal, Andréa Emilia Stinghen, Costantino Roberto Costantini, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000300011

OBJECTIVES:To evaluate whether a short-term moderate intensity exercise program could change inflammatory parameters, and improve different components of metabolic syndrome in sedentary patients.METHODS:Sixteen patients completed the 12-week program of supervised exercise, which consisted of a 40 to 50 minutes of walking, 3 times a week, reaching 50 to 60% of the heart rate reserve. The parameters evaluated before and after intervention were waist circumference, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, C-reactive protein and interleukin […]

Elderly women with metabolic syndrome present higher cardiovascular risk and lower relative muscle strength

Darlan Lopes Farias, Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Tatiane Gomes Teixeira, Denis César Leite Vieira, Vitor Tarja, Dahan da Cunha Nascimento, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200007

Objective:To compare the metabolic, anthropometric, arterial blood pressure, and muscle strength parameters of elderly women with and without metabolic syndrome.METHODS:A case-control study with 27 (67.3±4.8 years of age, 31.0±5.0kg/m²) elderly women with metabolic syndrome and 33 (68.8±5.6 years of age, 27.2±5.3kg/m²) sedentary control elderly women. They were submitted to an evaluation of body composition by means of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and muscle strength testing with 10 maximal repetitions of knee extension.RESULTS:When compared to the elderly women without metabolic syndrome, those […]

Epidemiology of total hip and knee replacement: a cross-sectional study

Mario Lenza, Silvia de Barros Ferraz, Dan Carai Maia Viola, Reynaldo Jesus Garcia Filho, Miguel Cendoroglo Neto, Mario Ferretti

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200011

Objective:To describe the epidemiologic characteristics and adverse events of patients submitted to total hip and total knee replacement.METHODS:A cross-sectional study retrospectively assessing medical chart data of all total hip and total knee replacements performed at a private hospital, between January 2007 and December 2010 Patients submitted to total hip and total knee replacement, with consent of surgeons were included. Incomplete records and/or missing data of the hospital database were excluded. The categorical variables analyzed were age, gender, type of arthroplasty […]

Stages of health behavior change and factors associated with physical activity in patients with intermittent claudication

Jacilene Guedes de Oliveira, João Paulo dos Anjos Souza Barbosa, Breno Quintella Farah, Marcel da Rocha Chehuen, Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Nelson Wolosker, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082012000400005

Objective:To analyze, in people with intermittent claudication, the frequency of individuals who are in each of stages of health behavior change to practice physical activity, and analyze the association of these stages with the walking capacity.METHODS:We recruited 150 patients with intermittent claudication treated at a tertiary center, being included those >30-year-old-individuals and who had ankle-arm index

Relation of neck circumference and relative muscle strength and cardiovascular risk factors in sedentary women

Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Tatiane Gomes Teixeira, Darlan Lopes de Farias, Alessandro de Oliveira Silva, Bibiano Madrid, Alexandre Vieira, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082012000300013

Objective:To verify the relation of neck circumference and relative muscle strength and cardiovascular risk factors in sedentary women.METHODS:A cross-sectional study with 60 premenopausal women (33.9±9.1 years; 67.4±13.6kg; 1.57±0.6cm and 27.2±5.3kg/m²). Based on the neck circumference, the sample was divided into two groups: Group Circumference 35cm (n=33) to compare relative muscle strength and cardiovascular risk factors. The correlation between variables was tested by Pearson and Spearman correlations, with a significance level established at p35cm presented higher values of body mass, waist […]

Nonbiological maternal risk factor for low birth weight on Latin America: a systematic review of literature with meta-analysis

Telma Regina Sanches Ranzani da Silva

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082012000300023

Objective:To identify non-biological maternal risk factors to low birth weight in Latin America.METHODS:Systematic review of literature through meta-analysis. The tool for methodological evaluation was the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Statement. Studies in non-pathological maternal risk factors to low-birth weight and those evaluated by a Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Statement method under C grade were excluded.RESULTS:From seven studies, five pointed out the influence of maternal age under 20. In four studies maternal age […]

Recent changes in Clostridium difficile infection

Moacyr Silva Júnior

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082012000100023

Clostridium difficile is the main cause of nosocomial diarrhea. Diarrhea associated with C. difficile has increased incidence, morbidity, and mortality in the last few years. The major related risk factors include use of antibiotics, elderly patients and prolonged hospital stay. Many patients receive combinations of antibiotics or multiple antibiotics, which represents the main risk to develop diarrhea associated to C. difficile or its recurrence. Therefore, interventions to improve antibiotic prescribing, as well as compliance with infection control measures can reduce […]

Nutritional status and food intake of patients with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated

Marina Yazigi Solis, Nathalia Stefani de Melo, Maria Elisa Moschetti Macedo, Fabiana Prata Carneiro, Cid Yazigi Sabbag, Antonio Hebert Lancha Junior, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082012000100010

Objective:To identify the nutritional status and food intake of individuals with systemic psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis associated.METHODS:This is an exploratory and cross-sectional study with 34 men aged between 19 and 60 years seen at a Psoriasis Center. Participants were divided into systemic psoriasis group and arthritic-systemic psoriasis associated group. For nutritional assessment we used anthropometry, bioelectrical impedance analysis and whole-body plethysmography. Clinical and nutritional information were assessed using the clinical and nutritional history-taking, and the 24-hour dietary recall. For statistics […]

Frequency of peri-intraventricular hemorrhage and its associated factors in premature newborns

Evelyn Arrais Guzman, José Ricardo Dias Bertagnon, Yara Juliano

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1632

ABSTRACTObjective:To identify the frequency of intracranial hemorrhage and its associated factors in premature newborns.Methods:A cross-sectional study based on a survey of medical records of premature neonates submitted to transfontanellar ultrasound at a hospital located in a southern neighborhood of the city of São Paulo, in 2007.Results:A 50% rate of intracranial hemorrhage was found among premature newborns submitted to transfontanellar ultrasound, and 15.35% among all premature babies born in this hospital in 2007. The statistically significant factors associated to intracranial hemorrhage […]

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