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Streptococcus gallolyticus infective endocarditis in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus: a three-dimensional echocardiography evaluation

Rudyney Eduardo Uchôa de Azevedo, Ana Clara Tude Rodrigues, Lucas Arraes de França, Maria Luciana Zacarias Hannouche da Trindade, Marcelo Luiz Campos Vieira, Claudio Henrique Fischer, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000300020

A 42 year-old woman was referred to our hospital with a history of fever and poor general status for the last 30 days. She presented tachycardia and a systolic apical murmur. Laboratory tests revealed leukocytosis of 13,100/mL, hemoglobin of 8.4g/dL and positive systemic lupus erythematosus antibodies (anti-Ro/SSA, anti-La/SSB, anticardiolipin, and antinuclear antibodies); blood culture was positive for Streptococcus gallolyticus. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography was performed and revealed multiple mitral valve vegetations, with leaflet perforation and important mitral regurgitation, as well as […]