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Peritonitis due to Rhizobium radiobacter

Raquel Marta, Catarina Dâmaso, José Esteves da Silva, Margarida Almeida

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011rc2025

ABSTRACTRhizobium radiobacter (Agrobacterium radiobacter) is an aerobic Gram-negative rod belonging to Agrobacterium genus, a group of phytopathogenic bacteria present in the soil that has been implicated in human opportunistic infections. We report a clinical case of bacterial peritonitis in a 5-year-old child with chronic renal disease in peritoneal dialysis, who had a history of direct soil contact identified. The infection was treated with ceftazidime and piperaciline+tazobactam without relapses or the need to remove the peritoneal dialysis catheter.