Is physical activity related to arterial hypertension in adolescents?

“[…] This is a cross-sectional study with 6039 high school  (14 to 19 years) were physical activity data were collected using a questionnaire. “Physically inactive” were considered those who reported not to walk or ride a bicycle to and from school on any day of the past week, and/or those who, regardless of the weekly frequency of practice this type of activity, reported the duration of commuting to school was less than 20 minutes (round trip). Adolescents with high blood pressure were defined as those with higher blood pressure or equal to the 95th percentile for age, sex and height.”

“[…] The prevalence of high blood pressure was 7.3%, and 79.3% were considered insufficiently active in commuting. There was an association between high blood pressure and active commuting only among those living in rural areas (OR = 6.498; 95% CI = 1.513-27.900), and the same was not observed among those living in urban areas (OR = 1.113; 95% CI = 0.812-1.526).”

“[…] Active commuting can be considered a protective factor for high blood pressure in adolescents living in rural areas.”

Santana FS, Palmeira AC, Santos MA, Farah BQ, Souza BC, Ritti-Dias RM. Association between active commuting and elevated blood pressure in adolescents. einstein (São Paulo). 2017;15(4):415-20.

Is physical activity related to arterial hypertension in adolescents?