Volume 16, Number 2, April/June 2018

Challenge, Discussion and Conclusion: an active teaching strategy to turn traditional lectures into collaborative classes

Welbert Oliveira Pereira, Fernanda Teresa Lima

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018ED4362

D2R: step by step Just as with other active strategies, a D2R interactive class requires some pillars that enable preparing the students (therefore it is necessary to provide study material in advance), group projects (it is fundamental to divide the students into teams before class), and practical application of the content (the teacher prepares and presents cases and issues that simulate the practical application of the class, avoiding the valid question of students “Why do I need to learn this?”). […]

Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in diagnosis of mediastinal lesions

Ricardo Sales dos Santos, Marcia Jacomelli, Juliana Pereira Franceschini, Iunis Suzuki, Altair da Silva Costa Jr., Christina Shiang, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4094

ABSTRACT Objective To describe the results of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in making diagnosis of mediastinal injuries associated to different causes. Methods A retrospective cross-sectional study of patients submitted to Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration at a private organization, between June 2013 and October 2016. All cases referred for collection of lymph nodes or peritracheal/peribronchial masses by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration, and evaluated through tomography or PET-CT were included. Interventional pulmonologists and thoracic surgeons with experience in the […]

Pharmacotherapeutic follow-up in a respiratory intensive care unit: description and analysis of results

Ana Carolina de Souza e Silva, Domingos Sávio de Carvalho Sousa, Eunice Bobô de Carvalho Perraud, Fátima Rosane de Almeida Oliveira, Bruna Cristina Cardoso Martins

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4112

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe and evaluate the pharmacotherapeutic follow-up by a clinical pharmacist in an intensive care unit. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out from August to October 2016. The data were collected through a form, and pharmacotherapeutic follow-up conducted by a clinical pharmacist at the respiratory intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital. The problems recorded in the prescriptions were quantified, classified and evaluated according to severity; the recommendations made by the pharmacist were analyzed considering the […]

Incidence of variant hemoglobins in newborns attended by a public health laboratory

Flávia Mylla de Sousa Reis, Renata Rodrigues de Oliveira Castelo Branco, Amanda Mota Conceição, Letícia Paula Benvindo Trajano, José Felipe Pinheiro do Nascimento Vieira, Pablo Ricardo Barbosa Ferreira, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4150

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the incidence of variant hemoglobins in different health regions. Methods A descriptive, observational, and cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach based on secondary data in the internal records of the neonatal screening service – Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública do Estado do Piauí (PI, Brazil). The variables related to sex, ethnicity and positive diagnosis for variant hemoglobins were analyzed, with further population distribution of hemoglobinopathies among the macroregions of the state. Results A total of 69,180 […]

Construction and validation of content of one instrument to assess falls in the elderly

Michele Bittencourt Silveira, Ricardo Pedrozo Saldanha, José Carlos de Carvalho Leite, Thamyres Oliveira Ferreira da Silva, Thiago Silva, Lidiane Isabel Filippin

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4154

ABSTRACT Objective To develop and validate the content of the online Questionnaire for Fall Risk Assessment in the Elderly. Methods The instrument was developed based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization. Initially, the set of items was submitted to evaluation of judges (healthcare professionals with experience in elderly health), who could suggest inclusion or exclusion of questions from the instrument; they were also asked to rate each question according to the […]

Analysis of cancer perception by elderly people

Isaac Felipe Leite Braz, Raquel Andresa Duarte Gomes, Mariele Silva de Azevedo, Francisco das Chagas Marison Alves, Danilo Silveira Seabra, Francisco Pignataro Lima, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4155

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the perception of elderly population about cancer, correlating it with the clinical variables sex, age and past history of cancer. Methods The sample was composed of 300 individuals, 174 (58%) women. A questionnaire containing ten questions and based on the Health Information National Trends Survey was used. For statistical analysis, a p value

The importance of dysphagia screening and nutritional assessment in hospitalized patients

Patrícia Amaro Andrade, Carolina Araújo dos Santos, Heloísa Helena Firmino, Carla de Oliveira Barbosa Rosa

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4189

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine frequency of dysphagia risk and associated factors in hospitalized patients as well as to evaluate nutritional status by using different methods and correlate the status with scores of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study including 909 inpatients of a philanthropic hospital. For the diagnosis of dysphagia we used an adapted and validated Brazilian version of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10). The nutritional status was evaluated through the subjective global assessment, and […]

Assessment of oxidative stress in saliva of children with dental erosion

Caleb Shitsuka, Flávia Kazue Ibuki, Fernando Neves Nogueira, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Marcelo Bönecker

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4203

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate oxidative stress in saliva of children with dental erosion as compared to children with no erosion. Methods One single examiner, trained and prepared to make diagnosis of dental erosion according to the Basic Erosive Wear Examination index, selected 40 children aged 4 to 6 years, who attended a pediatric dentistry prevention clinic. Two groups were formed – one comprising children with dental erosion (n=22), and another with no dental erosion (n=18). The quantity of dental biofilm […]

Levels of knowledge about asthma of parents of asthmatic children

Cristian Roncada, Thiago de Araujo Cardoso, Bianca Martininghi Bugança, Luísa Carolina Bischoff, Karina Soldera, Paulo Márcio Pitrez

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4204

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the levels of knowledge about asthma of parents of school children. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out with parents of children with medical diagnosis of asthma (mild, moderate and severe), followed up at an outpatient referral center for childhood asthma in the Southern region of Brazil (Asthma Group). Parents of children with asthma in remission and healthy children were also selected (Control Group). The Newcastle Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire (NAKQ) questionnaire was applied in both groups. […]

Evaluation of quality of sleep in women with stress urinary incontinence before and after surgical correction

Josyandra Paula de Freitas, Mariana Pereira Inácio Silvestri, César Eduardo Fernandes, Emerson de Oliveira

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4205

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the quality of sleep in women with urinary incontinence before and after sling surgery. Methods: A prospective study of case series of women with urodynamic diagnosis of stress urinary incontinence. To evaluate the subjective quality of sleep, two specific questionnaires were used and validated for the Portuguese Language: Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The questionnaires were applied before and 6 months after surgical repair. Results: When analyzing the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, there was […]

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