Volume 16, Number 1, January/March 2018
Critical review of cancer mortality using hospital records and potential years of life lost
ABSTRACT Objective To determine and discuss cancer mortality rates in southern Brazil between 1988 and 2012. Methods This was a critical review of literature based on analysis of data concerning incidence and mortality of prostate cancer, breast cancer, bronchial and lung cancer, and uterine and ovarian cancer. Data were collected from the online database of the Brazil Instituto Nacional de Câncer José Alencar Gomes da Silva. Results The southern Brazil is the leading region of cancer incidence and mortality. Data […]
Chemotherapy protocols and incidence of oral mucositis. An integrative review
ABSTRACT This review aimed to analyze the scientific production on severity of oral mucositis as an adverse effect of chemotherapy. To this end, we performed a search at PubMed databases combining the keywords “oral mucositis” and “chemotherapy protocol”. To describe the investigation, the following variables were considered: journal, year/place, study design, sample, protocol used and incidence of oral mucositis. A total of 547 articles were retrieved, of which 26 were selected. Out of these 26, only 2 reported severity of […]
Specificities of presentation of Crohn’s disease in childhood
ABSTRACT The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in the pediatric population has increased in the last years. The most common form of inflammatory bowel disease is Crohn’s disease and, according to its form and age of presentation, it is possible to predict the evolution of the disease.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging for clinical evaluation of uterine contractility
ABSTRACT Uterine contractility out of the gestational phase, during the menstrual cycle and the habitual functional variations of the organ, this is one of the responsible mechanisms for reproduction and fertility, due to its direct action in the mechanisms conducting the spermatozoa to the ovule and in the decidual implantation. Pathologies such as uterine leiomyoma, endometriosis, adenomyosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome, as well as the use of intrauterine devices and oral contraceptives, may alter a functionality of uterine contractility. Thus, magnetic […]
Is quality of life associated with compliance to pharmacoterapy in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing maintenance hemodialysis?
ABSTRACT Objective To analyzed the association of quality of life and compliance to drug treatment in chronic kidney disease patients. Methods The Short Form Health Survey was used to evaluate the quality of life of these patients, and the therapeutic complexity index was verified. The Morisky-Green test and the Brief Medication Questionnaire were applied to check compliance to drug therapy. Results A total of 197 patients were included. The Morisky-Green test and Brief Medication Questionnaire showed that most patients had […]
Is Zika virus outbreak a solved issue in Brazil?
Zika vírus (ZIKV) was isolated for the first time in 1947 from a sample of a non-human primate identified at Zika forest in Uganda.() This is a ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus in the Flaviviridae family that also includes Dengue and Yellow Fever.(,) Although the virus is primarily transmitted through the bite of mosquitoes from Aedes genus,() it has also been isolated from human body fluids, such as semen and saliva.(–) Sexual transmission of the virus has been increasingly reported, including […]
Bronchial hygiene techniques in patients on mechanical ventilation: what are used and why?
ABSTRACT Objective To analyze and describe the maneuvers most commonly used in clinical practice by physical therapists and the reasons for choosing them. Methods A prospective multicenter study using a questionnaire. The sample consisted of physical therapists from five hospitals (three private hospitals, a teaching hospital and a public hospital). Results A total of 185 questionnaires were filled in. Most professionals had graduated 6 to 10 years before and over had over 10 years of intensive care unit experience. The […]
Clinical and laboratory characteristics associated with referral of hospitalized elderly to palliative care
ABSTRACT Objective To investigate clinical and laboratory characteristics associated with referral of acutely ill older adults to exclusive palliative care. Methods A retrospective cohort study based on 572 admissions of acutely ill patients aged 60 years or over to a university hospital located in São Paulo, Brazil, from 2009 to 2013. The primary outcome was the clinical indication for exclusive palliative care. Comprehensive geriatric assessments were used to measure target predictors, such as sociodemographic, clinical, cognitive, functional and laboratory data. […]
Assessment and enrolment process for liver transplantation: nursing management through quality indicators
ABSTRACT Objective To establish, measure and analyze quality indicators in the evaluation and enrolment process of patients in a liver transplant program. Methods A quantitative and non-experimental research, with data collected from the database of a liver transplant program, from September 2012 to September 2014. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the quality indicators identified. Results We analyzed 1,311 visits in the transplant outpatient clinic, most males (66.7%), white (65.1%), mean age of 53 (±12.5) years, from the Southeastern Region […]
Criminal liability of medical professionals in the São Paulo State Court of Appeals
ABSTRACT Objective To collect criminal justice data involving medical professionals in the São Paulo State Court of Appeals and to establish the number of criminal proceedings involving said professionals, the content of the accusations and the conviction rate per specialty. Methods A keyword search was carried out in the State Appellate Court case law website with the term “medical error” for decisions rendered from January 1st, 2011 to December 31st, 2016, and the subject “criminal law” was selected. Results A […]