Volume 14, Number 4, October/December 2016

Effect of maternal exercises on biophysical fetal and maternal parameters: a transversal study

Caroline Mombaque dos Santos, Wendel Mombaque dos Santos, Francisco Maximiliano Pancich Gallarreta, Camila Pigatto, Luiz Osório Cruz Portela, Edson Nunes de Morais

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082016ao3758

ABSTRACTObjectiveTo evaluate the acute effects of maternal and fetal hemodynamic responses in pregnant women submitted to fetal Doppler and an aerobic physical exercise test according to the degree of effort during the activity and the impact on the well-being.Methods Transversal study with low risk pregnant women, obtained by convenience sample with gestational age between 26 to 34 weeks. The participants carry out a progressive exercise test.Results After the exercise session, reduced resistance (p=0.02) and pulsatility indices (p=0.01) were identified in […]

Urban versus rural lifestyle in adolescents: associations between environment, physical activity levels and sedentary behavior

Manuela Ferreira Regis, Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Mendes dos Santos, Ameliane da Conceição Reubens Leonidio, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Clara Maria Silvestre Monteiro de Freitas

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082016ao3788

ABSTRACTObjectiveTo analyze the levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents living in urban and rural areas.Methods An epidemiological, cross-section study with quantitative design, carried out at the regional level. The sample comprised 6,234 students aged 14 to 19 years, selected using random cluster sampling. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used in the analysis.Results A total of 74.5% of adolescents lived in urban areas. After adjustment, rural residents spent less time watching television (odds ratio – […]

Assessment of laparoscopic skills of Gynecology and Obstetrics residents after a training program

Carla Ferreira Kikuchi Fernandes, José Maria Cordeiro Ruano, Lea Mina Kati, Alberto Sinhiti Noguti, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Marair Gracio Ferreira Sartori

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082016ao3752

ABSTRACTObjectiveTo evaluate laparoscopic skills of third-year Gynecology and Obstetrics residents after training at a training and surgical experimentation center.Methods Use of a prospective questionnaire analyzing demographic data, medical residency, skills, competences, and training in a box trainer and in pigs.Results After the training, there was significant improvement in laparoscopic skills according to the residents (before 1.3/after 2.7; p=0.000) and preceptors (before 2.1/after 4.8; p=0.000). There was also significant improvement in the feeling of competence in surgeries with level 1 and […]

Brachial insertion of fully implantable venous catheters for chemotherapy: complications and quality of life assessment in 35 patients

Igor Yoshio Imagawa Fonseca, Mariana Krutman, Kenji Nishinari, Guilherme Yazbek, Marcelo Passos Teivelis, Guilherme André Zottele Bomfim, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082016ao3606

ABSTRACTObjectiveTo prospectively evaluate the perioperative safety, early complications and satisfaction of patients who underwent the implantation of central catheters peripherally inserted via basilic vein.Methods Thirty-five consecutive patients with active oncologic disease requiring chemotherapy were prospectively followed up after undergoing peripheral implantation of indwelling venous catheters, between November 2013 and June 2014. The procedures were performed in the operating room by the same team of three vascular surgeons. The primary endpoints assessed were early postoperative complications, occurring within 30 days after […]

Predictive factors of atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass grafting

Cynthia de Oliveira Folla, Cinthia Cristina de Santana Melo, Rita de Cassia Gengo e Silva

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082016ao3673

ABSTRACTObjectiveTo analyze predictive demographic and perioperative variables of postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients who underwent exclusively coronary artery bypass grafting.Methods This was a retrospective cohort. We randomly selected 105 medical records of patients who underwent exclusively coronary artery bypass grafting in 2014. Demographic, clinical (preoperative and immediate postoperative) data and related with surgical procedure were collected from medical records. The occurrence of postoperative atrial fibrillation was considered until the third day after the surgery. Variables were analyzed using descriptive and […]

Short version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21: is it valid for Brazilian adolescents?

Hítalo Andrade da Silva, Muana Hiandra Pereira dos Passos, Valéria Mayaly Alves de Oliveira, Aline Cabral Palmeira, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082016ao3732

ABSTRACTObjectiveTo evaluate the interday reproducibility, agreement and validity of the construct of short version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 applied to adolescents.Methods The sample consisted of adolescents of both sexes, aged between 10 and 19 years, who were recruited from schools and sports centers. The validity of the construct was performed by exploratory factor analysis, and reliability was calculated for each construct using the intraclass correlation coefficient, standard error of measurement and the minimum detectable change.Results The factor analysis […]

Prevalence of inter-hemispheric asymetry in children and adolescents with interdisciplinary diagnosis of non-verbal learning disorder

Alessandra Bernardes Caturani Wajnsztejn, Bianca Bianco, Caio Parente Barbosa

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082016ao3722

ABSTRACTObjectiveTo describe clinical and epidemiological features of children and adolescents with interdisciplinary diagnosis of non-verbal learning disorder and to investigate the prevalence of inter-hemispheric asymmetry in this population group.Methods Cross-sectional study including children and adolescents referred for interdisciplinary assessment with learning difficulty complaints, who were given an interdisciplinary diagnosis of non-verbal learning disorder. The following variables were included in the analysis: sex-related prevalence, educational system, initial presumptive diagnoses and respective prevalence, overall non-verbal learning disorder prevalence, prevalence according to school […]

Oral health evaluation in special needs individuals

Danielle de Moraes Pini, Paula Cristina Gil Ritter Fröhlich, Lilian Rigo

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082016ao3712

ABSTRACTObjectiveTo identify the prevalence of the main oral problems present in special needs children and to relate the underlying conditions with the clinical and demographic variables.Methods The study was based on the physical examination of 47 students from the Associação de Pais e Amigos dos Excepcionais diagnosed as Down syndrome, cerebral palsy and intellectual deficit. For data collection, we used a self-administered questionnaire that included indices of dental caries and oral hygiene, Angle classification, malposition of dental groups and oral […]

Minor intraoral salivary gland tumors: a clinical-pathological study

Dmitry José de Santana Sarmento, Maria de Lourdes Silva de Arruda Morais, Antonio de Lisboa Lopes Costa, Éricka Janine Dantas da Silveira

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082016ao3749

ABSTRACTObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical-pathological profile of patients with minor salivary gland neoplasms.Methods A retrospective study of specific cases diagnosed as benign and malignant tumors of the minor salivary glands was performed. The data were collected from medical records of patients seen at a hospital over a period of 15 years. The sample was made up of 37 cases. For the pathological study, slides containing 5μm thick sections stained with hematoxylin and eosin were used. The data were tabulated using descriptive […]

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