Volume 12, Number 4, October/December 2014

A multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial of a new porcine surfactant in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome

Celso Moura Rebello, Alexander Roberto Precioso, Renata Suman Mascaretti

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO3095

ObjectiveTo compare the efficacy and safety of a new porcine-derived pulmonary surfactant developed by Instituto Butantan with those of animal-derived surfactants commercially available in Brazil, regarding neonatal mortality and the major complications of prematurity in preterm newborns with birth weight up to 1500g and diagnosed with respiratory distress syndrome.MethodsNeonates diagnosed with respiratory distress syndrome were randomized to receive either Butantan surfactant (Butantan group) or one of the following surfactants: Survanta® or Curosurf®. Newborns receiving Survanta® or Curosurf® comprised the control […]

Ethics Requirement Score: new tool for evaluating ethics in publications

Lígia Gabrielle dos Santos, Ana Carolina da Costa e Fonseca, Claudia Giuliano Bica

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO3001

ObjectiveTo analyze ethical standards considered by health-related scientific journals, and to prepare the Ethics Requirement Score, a bibliometric index to be applied to scientific healthcare journals in order to evaluate criteria for ethics in scientific publication.MethodsJournals related to healthcare selected by the Journal of Citation Reports™ 2010 database were considered as experimental units. Parameters related to publication ethics were analyzed for each journal. These parameters were acquired by analyzing the author’s guidelines or instructions in each journal website. The parameters […]

Effect of maternal diabetes on female offspring

Juliana de Oliveira Martins, Maurício Isaac Panício, Marcos Paulo Suehiro Dantas, Guiomar Nascimento Gomes

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO3200

ObjectiveTo evaluate the effect of maternal diabetes on the blood pressure and kidney function of female offspring, as well as if such changes exacerbate during pregnancy.MethodsDiabetes mellitus was induced in female rats with the administration of streptozotocin in a single dose, one week before mating. During pregnancy, blood pressure was measured through plethysmography. On the 20th day of pregnancy, the animals were placed for 24 hours in metabolic cages to obtain urine samples. After the animals were removed from the […]

Relation between leukocyte count, adiposity, and cardiorespiratory fitness in pubertal adolescents

Thiago Ricardo dos Santos Tenório, Breno Quintella Farah, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, João Paulo Botero, Daniel Calado Brito, Patrícia Muniz Mendes Freire de Moura, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO3214

ObjectiveTo compare the total and differential leukocyte count in obese and normal-weight adolescents, and to verify their possible relations with cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity indicators.MethodsA cross-sectional study conducted with 139 adolescents (107 obese and 32 normal weight) aged between 13 and 18 years. Cardiorespiratory fitness was determined by direct gas analysis during an incremental treadmill test. Total leukocytes and subsets were estimated by flow cytometry. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Thet-test for independent samples was used for […]

Undulatory physical resistance training program increases maximal strength in elderly type 2 diabetics

Gilberto Monteiro dos Santos, Fábio Tanil Montrezol, Luciana Santos Souza Pauli, Angélica Rossi Sartori-Cintra, Emilson Colantonio, Ricardo José Gomes, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO3162

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of a specific protocol of undulatory physical resistance training on maximal strength gains in elderly type 2 diabetics.MethodsThe study included 48 subjects, aged between 60 and 85 years, of both genders. They were divided into two groups: Untrained Diabetic Elderly (n=19) with those who were not subjected to physical training and Trained Diabetic Elderly (n=29), with those who were subjected to undulatory physical resistance training. The participants were evaluated with several types of resistance training’s equipment […]

Audiological findings in aphasic patients after stroke

Solange Satie Onoue, Karin Zazo Ortiz, Thaís Soares Cianciarullo Minett, Alda Christina Lopes de Carvalho Borges

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO3119

ObjectiveTo outline the audiological findings of aphasic patients after cerebrovascular accidents.MethodsThis is a cross-sectional study performed between March 2011 and August 2012 in the Speech, Language, and Hearing Pathology Department of theUniversidade Federal de São Paulo. A total of 43 aphasic subjects (27 men) were referred for audiological evaluation after stroke, with mean age of 54.48 years. Basic audiological evaluation tests were performed, including pure tone audiometry, speech audiometry (speech recognition threshold and word recognition score), immittance measures (tympanometry and […]

Use of prostheses in lower limb amputee patients due to peripheral arterial disease

Therezinha Rosane Chamlian

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO3132

ObjectiveTo evaluate the indication of prosthesis during rehabilitation and the maintenance of their use or abandonment rate after discharge, as well as mortality of lower limb amputees due to peripheral arterial disease.MethodsA retrospective and cross-sectional study carried out with lower limb amputee patients, at transfemoral and transtibial levels, due to vascular conditions. The sample was composed of 310 patients (205 men, 105 women, mean age 61.8 years), transfemoral (142) and transtibial (150) levels, unilateral or bilateral (18). A total of […]

Comparison between the 6-minute walk tests performed in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at different altitudes

Selma Denis Squassoni, Nadine Cristina Machado, Mônica Silveira Lapa, Priscila Kessar Cordoni, Luciene Costa Bortolassi, Juliana Nascimento de Oliveira, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO3139

ObjectiveTo evaluate the influence of the altitude on the 6-minute walking test in patients with moderate to severe pulmonary disease.MethodsTwenty-nine patients performed the 6-minute walk test at a pulmonary rehabilitation clinic in Santo André (above sea level), in São Paulo State, and at the Enseada Beach, in Guarujá (at sea level), also in São Paulo State. Of these 29 patients, 8 did the test both on hard sand and on asphalt to analyze if there were differences in performance during […]

Comparative analysis of the effects of two chest physical therapy interventions in patients with bronchiolitis during hospitalization period

Renata Remondini, Adriana Zamprônio dos Santos, Giselle de Castro, Cristiane do Prado, Luiz Vicente Ribeiro Ferreira da Silva Filho

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO3230

ObjectiveTo evaluate and compare the effects of two chest physiotherapy interventions in patients hospitalized due to acute bronchiolitis.MethodsProspective randomized study with a sample of 83 calls for 29 patients aged between 3 months and 1 year hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis. Patients were distributed randomly into two groups: Group 1, submitted to postural drainage, tapping and tracheal aspiration; and Group 2, submitted to postural drainage, expiratory acceleration flow and tracheal aspiration. Assessments were made before and 10 and 60 minutes after […]

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