Volume 12, Number 2, April/June 2014

Comparative analysis of family consent to tissue donation according to two different donation form structures

Manoela Gomes Grossi, Layse Beneli Prado, Geórgia Pereira Silveira Souza, Jaquelini Pereira dos Santos, Amanda Silva de Macêdo Bezerra, Cesar Augusto Guimarães Marcelino, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO2555

ObjectiveTo define donors’ profile of an Organ and Tissue Procurement Center and compare the family consent for tissue donation before and after modification of the Donation Term.MethodsA descriptive, documentary and quantitative study performed in an Organ and Tissue Procurement Center, analyzed 111 feasible donors’ charts in the period from March 13 to September 13, 2010 (1st period), and from September 14, 2010 to March 14, 2011 (2nd period), based on the modification date.ResultsThe mean age of donors was 45.2 years, […]

Learning effect of computerized cognitive tests in older adults

Rafaela Sanches de Oliveira, Beatriz Maria Trezza, Alexandre Leopold Busse, Wilson Jacob Filho

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO2954

ObjectiveTo evaluate the learning effect of computerized cognitive testing in the elderly.MethodsCross-sectional study with 20 elderly, 10 women and 10 men, with average age of 77.5 (±4.28) years. The volunteers performed two series of computerized cognitive tests in sequence and their results were compared. The applied tests were: Trail Making A and B, Spatial Recognition, Go/No Go, Memory Span, Pattern Recognition Memory and Reverse Span.ResultsBased on the comparison of the results, learning effects were observed only in the Trail Making […]

Clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with valvular heart disease admitted to the emergency department

Ricardo Casalino Sanches de Moraes, Marcelo Katz, Flávio Tarasoutchi

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO3025

ObjectiveTo evaluate the clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with valvular heart disease who arrived decompensated at the emergency department of a university hospital in Brazil.MethodsA descriptive analysis of clinical and echocardiographic data of 174 patients with severe valvular disease, who were clinically decompensated and went to the emergency department of a tertiary cardiology hospital, in the State of São Paulo, in 2009.ResultsThe mean age of participants was 56±17 years and 54% were female. The main cause of valve disease […]

Chronic pain related to quality of sleep

Leandro Freitas Tonial, José Stechman Neto, Wagner Hummig

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO2825

ObjectiveTo determine the relation between the degrees of chronic pain and drowsiness levels.MethodsThe study was conducted with 115 patients, who answered the questionnaire as diagnostic criteria in the survey. After evaluation based on the protocol of chronic pain registry RDC/TMD− Axis II, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale was applied to assess drowsiness levels.ResultsAmong the participating patients, there were more females (80%), and the type of pain more prevalent was chronic (70.4%). Concerning the grades of chronic pain, grade II predominated (38.3%), […]

Analysis of endometrial thickness measured by transvaginal ultrasonography in obese patients

Isabela Corrêa Barboza, Daniella de Batista Depes, Ilzo Vianna Júnior, Marisa Teresinha Patriarca, Raquel Martins Arruda, João Alfredo Martins, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO2838

ObjectiveTo compare the endometrial echo values obtained by transvaginal ultrasonography with the body mass index of postmenopausal patients; to verify if there is higher prevalence of endometrial thickening in women with body mass index ≥30.MethodsThis is an analytical and cross-sectional study that evaluated 294 patients. Postmenopausal women were included, and those on hormone therapy were excluded. The variables evaluated were body mass index (considering obesity if >30), number of pregnancies, years since menopause, and age. These variables were correlated with […]

Long-term results of a clinical trial comparing isolated vaginal stimulation with combined treatment for women with stress incontinence

Maria Cláudia Bicudo Fürst, Rafaela Rosalba de Mendonça, Alexandre Oliveira Rodrigues, Leandro Luongo de Matos, Antônio Carlos Lima Pompeo, Carlos Alberto Bezerra

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO2866

ObjectiveTo determine the efficacy of stress urinary incontinence treatments adding pelvic floor muscle training to vaginal electrical stimulation.MethodsForty-eight women with stress urinary incontinence were randomized into 2 groups: 24 underwent isolated vaginal electrical stimulation, and 24 vaginal electrical stimulation plus pelvic floor muscle training. History, physical examination, voiding diary, perineum strength test, and urodynamic study were assessed. Comparisons were made for adherence to treatment, muscle strength improvement, urinary symptoms, and degree of satisfaction immediately, 12 and 96 months after treatment.ResultsPatients’ […]

Menstruation disorders in adolescents with eating disorders – target body mass index percentiles for their resolution

Beatriz Vale, Sara Brito, Lígia Paulos, Pascoal Moleiro

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO2942

ObjectiveTo analyse the progression of body mass index in eating disorders and to determine the percentile for establishment and resolution of the disease.MethodsA retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study. Review of clinical files of adolescents with eating disorders.ResultsOf the 62 female adolescents studied with eating disorders, 51 presented with eating disorder not otherwise specified, 10 anorexia nervosa, and 1 bulimia nervosa. Twenty-one of these adolescents had menstrual disorders; in that, 14 secondary amenorrhea and 7 menstrual irregularities (6 eating disorder not otherwise […]

Ethanol sclerotherapy of head and neck venous malformations

José Luiz Orlando, José Guilherme Mendes Pereira Caldas, Heloisa Galvão do Amaral Campos, Kenji Nishinari, Mariana Krutman, Nelson Wolosker

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082014AO2844

ObjectiveThis retrospective study evaluated the results of sclerotherapy with low doses of ethanol for treatment of head and neck venous malformations.MethodsWe treated 51 patients, 37 females. Median age was 23 years. Patients were treated with percutaneous intralesional injection of alcohol every two weeks and followed up prospectively for a median period of 18 months. Most lesions affected the face and cosmetic disfigurement was the most frequent complaint.ResultsWe performed a median of 7 sessions of sclerotherapy. Complete resolution or improvement was […]

1 2 3