Volume 11, Number 2, April/June 2013

Nutritional screening in surgical patients of a teaching hospital from Southern Brazil: the impact of nutritional risk in clinical outcomes

Rosane Scussel Garcia, Léa Regina da Cunha Tavares, Carla Alberici Pastore

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200002

Objective:To assess the prevalence of nutritional risk in surgical patients of a teaching hospital and its associated factors.METHODS:A cross-sectional study with secondary data of surgical ward patients of the Hospital Escola da Universidade Federal de Pelotas, from April to October, 2010. Patients were evaluated up to 36 hours after admission using the Malnutrition Screening Tool.RESULTS:The study included 565 patients, with a mean age of 52.8±15.6 years, and the majority (51%) was female. More than 30% of the patients presented with […]

Effects of resistance training and aerobic exercise in elderly people concerning physical fitness and ability: a prospective clinical trial

Maria Fernanda Bottino Roma, Alexandre Leopold Busse, Rosana Aparecida Betoni, Antonio Cesar de Melo, Juwando Kong, Jose Maria Santarem, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200003

Objective:To compare the effects of physical fitness and function on older adults in two programs of supervised exercise activity: resistance training and aerobic exercise.METHODS:This study is a randomized, prospective clinical trial composed of sedentary elderly people who did not have contraindications to exercise. Participants were divided into two groups: group one performed 6 exercises of resistance training twice a week, and group two participated in walking activity for 30 minutes twice a week. Functional assessment (time 0,6 and 12 months) […]

Physicians’ attitude towards tobacco dependence in a private hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

Alessandra Maria Julião, Ana Luiza Lourenço Simões Camargo, Vanessa de Albuquerque Cítero, Mara Fernandes Maranhão, Alfredo Maluf Neto, Ângela Tavares Paes, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200004

Objective:To investigate how often physicians identify and treat tobacco dependence and whether characteristics as gender, age, marital status, medical specialty and smoking status can influence their attitude towards this question.METHODS:A cross-sectional study was performed on 515 physicians working in a private hospital in São Paulo, Brazil, using a confidential voluntary questionnaire sent and answered electronically.RESULTS:We found that 89% of physicians who answered the research questionnaire often or always asked their patients about smoking habits, but only 39% often or always […]

Effects of Panax ginseng, Turnera diffusa and Heteropterys tomentosa extracts on hippocampal apoptosis of aged rats

Andréia Gomes Bezerra, Soraya Soubhi Smaili, Guiomar Silva Lopes, Elisaldo Araújo Carlini

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200005

Objective:To verify if the medicinal plants Panax ginseng C.A. Mey, Turnera diffusa Willd. ex Schult., and Heteropterys tomentosa O. Mach., which are amply used by the population as tonics and cognition enhancers, could have a protective effect on cell death by apoptosis, since this could be one of the mechanisms of action of these substances.METHODS:Aged male Wistar rats (n=24) were divided into four groups. Over 30 days, three groups received treatments with hydroalcoholic extracts of the plants, and one group […]

Anthropometric measurements as an indicator of nutritional status in spina bifida patients undergoing enterocystoplasty

Silvia Ferraz Ayrosa Ponte, Atila Rondon, Herick Bacelar, Eulalio Damazio, Sandra Maria Lima Ribeiro, Gilmar Garrone, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200006

Objective:To use anthropometric measurements to compare nutritional status in children with neurogenic bladder dysfunction secondary to meningomyelocele who underwent enterocystoplasty and those who did not undergo surgery.METHODS:A case-control study was conducted in 20 children, divided into two groups: those who had enterocystoplasty (Group A) and those who did not undergo surgery (Group B), matched for genre and age. Weight, height, arm circumference, and triceps skinfold thickness were the parameters used. Nutritional assessment was determined by calculating the indexes, based on […]

Elderly women with metabolic syndrome present higher cardiovascular risk and lower relative muscle strength

Darlan Lopes Farias, Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Tatiane Gomes Teixeira, Denis César Leite Vieira, Vitor Tarja, Dahan da Cunha Nascimento, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200007

Objective:To compare the metabolic, anthropometric, arterial blood pressure, and muscle strength parameters of elderly women with and without metabolic syndrome.METHODS:A case-control study with 27 (67.3±4.8 years of age, 31.0±5.0kg/m²) elderly women with metabolic syndrome and 33 (68.8±5.6 years of age, 27.2±5.3kg/m²) sedentary control elderly women. They were submitted to an evaluation of body composition by means of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and muscle strength testing with 10 maximal repetitions of knee extension.RESULTS:When compared to the elderly women without metabolic syndrome, those […]

Correlation between breastfeeding and maternal health status

Carlos Zubaran, Katia Foresti

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200008

Objective:To examine the relation between breastfeeding efficacy and health status in a sample of 88 mothers from Southern Brazil.METHODS:Research participants completed the Portuguese version of the General Health Questionnaire and the Personal Health Scale. Breastfeeding efficacy was evaluated using the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale. Correlations between breastfeeding and health status scores were examined using Pearson’s correlation coefficient.RESULTS:The results of this study revealed significant correlations between the scores of the two general health and well-being questionnaires and the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale. Bivariate […]

Meshless treatment of open inguinal hernia repair: a prospective study

Paulo Kassab, Ettore Ferrari Franciulli, Carolina Kassab Wroclawski, Elias Jirjoss Ilias, Osvaldo Antônio Prado Castro, Carlos Alberto Malheiros

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200009

Objective:To evaluate two types of meshless open inguinal repair and to evaluate the recurrence rate.METHODS:We operated on sequentially 98 men and 15 women with 144 unilateral or bilateral inguinal hernias between December 1988 and April 2007. The surgeries were performed by two experienced surgeons and divided into two groups: Bassini or McVay reconstructive surgery techniques. Bassini type reinforcements were employed for Nyhus II and IIIB with minor destruction of the posterior wall. Patients with Nyhus type IIIA, type IIIB with […]

Analysis of clinical pharmacist interventions in a tertiary teaching hospital in Brazil

Wálleri Christini Torelli Reis, Carolinne Thays Scopel, Cassyano Januário Correr, Vânia Mari Salvi Andrzejevski

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082013000200010

Objective:To analyze the clinical pharmacist interventions performed during the review of prescription orders of the Adult Intensive Care, Cardiologic Intensive Care, and Clinical Cardiology Units of a large tertiary teaching hospital in Brazil.METHODS:The analysis took place daily with the following parameters: dose, rate of administration, presentation and/or dosage form, presence of inappropriate/unnecessary drugs, necessity of additional medication, more proper alternative therapies, presence of relevant drug interactions, inconsistencies in prescription orders, physical-chemical incompatibilities/solution stability. From this evaluation, the drug therapy problems […]

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