Volume 9, Number 3, July/September 2011

Cochrane meta-analysis: teicoplanin versus vancomycin for proven or suspected infection

Diogo Diniz Gomes Bugano, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Anderson Roman Goncalves, Claudia Salvini de Almeida, Eliézer Silva

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011ao2020

ABSTRACTObjective:To compare efficacy and safety of vancomycin versus teicoplanin in patients with proven or suspected infection.Methods:Data Sources: Cochrane Renal Group’s Specialized Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, nephrology textbooks and review articles. Inclusion criteria: Randomized controlled trials in any language comparing teicoplanin to vancomycin for patients with proven or suspected infection. Data extraction: Two authors independently evaluated methodological quality and extracted data. Study investigators were contacted for unpublished information. A random effect model was used to estimate the pooled risk ratio (RR) […]

Measurement of the palpebral fissure and the vermilion border of the upper lip in newborns with gestational ages of 25 to 43 weeks

Maria dos Anjos Mesquita, Conceição Aparecida de Mattos Segre

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011ao2097

ABSTRACTObjective:To prepare percentile curves for measurements of palpebral fissure and the greatest width of the vermilion border of the upper lip in newborns at a public maternity ward in the City of São Paulo.Methods:A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out from August 2006 to January 2008. In the first 24 to 72 hours of life, the palpebral fissure and the greatest width of the vermilion border of the upper lip were measured in 1,964 newborns with gestational ages from 25 […]

Association of newborn diseases with weight/length ratio and the adequacy of weight for gestational age

José Ricardo Dias Bertagnon, Marcos da Cruz Rocha, Gabriela Alba Kuraim, Rosângela Guidara, Neil Ferreira Novo

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011ao2086

ABSTRACTObjective:To compare the frequencies of newborn diseases in those newborns classified according to a weight/length rate and those classified by the adequacy weight for gestational age.Methods:A retrospective cross-sectional study by record assessment was carried out enclosing all the live newborns at Hospital Geral do Grajaú, from September to December, 2009 (n =577) classified according to the rate weight/length and also to the adequacy weight for gestational age. The 10 and 90 percentiles of the weight/length distribution, now designated as “indices” […]

Predictive performance of 12 equations for estimating glomerular filtration rate in severely obese patients

Ary Serpa Neto, Felipe Martin Bianco Rossi, Rodrigo Dal Moro Amarante, Marçal Rossi

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011ao1922

ABSTRACTObjective:Considering that the Cockcroft-Gault formula and the equation of diet modification in renal disease are amply used in clinical practice to estimate the glomerular filtration rate, although they seem to have low accuracy in obese patients, the present study intends to evaluate the predictive performance of 12 equations used to estimate the glomerular filtration rate in obese patients.Methods:This is a cross-sectional retrospective study, conducted between 2007 and 2008 and carried out at a university, of 140 patients with severe obesity […]

Evaluation of functional mobility of patients with stroke sequela after treatment in hydrotherapy pool using the Timed Up and Go Test

Daniel Gonçalves dos Santos, Andréa Sanches Navarro Pegoraro, Carolina Vilela Abrantes, Fabio Jakaitis, Silvia Gusman, Simone Cristina Bifulco

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011ao1772

ABSTRACTObjective:To evaluate the functional mobility of patients with stroke over 12 sessions of hydrotherapy.Methods:Ten stroke patients aged between 5 and 85 years were evaluated by means of the Timed Up and Go test, which contains some items, such as balance, walking speed, changing directions, and standing up from a seated position. The study patients performed the test before and after each hydrotherapy session (total of 12 sessions). Each individual was compared to him/ herself both short-term (pre- and post-therapy) and […]

Comparative study of the effects of two programs of physical exercises in flexibility and balance of healthy elderly individuals with and without major depression

Fernanda Varkala Lanuez, Wilson Jacob-Filho, Mariana Varkala Lanuez, Ana Cláudia Becattini de Oliveira

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011ao1780

ABSTRACTObjective:To assess flexibility and balance in healthy elderly subjects with or without major depression, by means of two different programs: aerobic exercises and flexibility and balance exercises.Methods:A randomized, double-blind controlled study in which each sample was the control of itself. Research subjects were 19 healthy elderly individuals, aged between 60 and 90 years, of both genders, referred to the Department of Geriatrics of the Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, with or without the […]

Self-reported outcomes of patients undergoing total hip replacement surgery assessed by the WOMAC questionnaire

Michele Ferreira de Souza Di Nubila, Carolina Gomes Matarazzo, Andrea Diniz Lopes-Albers, Fátima Cristina Martorano Gobbi

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011ao1982

ABSTRACTObjective:To assess pain, stiffness and physical function outcomes among patients undergoing total hip replacement using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index.Methods:From January 2009 to July 2010, 64 male and female patients were assessed using the WOMAC questionnaire at baseline, hospital discharge, 3-month follow-up, and 6-month follow-up; one group of patients with primary hip osteoarthritis (n = 42) and another group with hip fracture (n = 22).Results:Changes in the total scores of the osteoarthritis group were statistically significant comparing […]

Identification and analysis of antinutritional factors in possible interactions between medications and food/nutrients in hospitalized patients

Adnny Fernanda Lima Campos, Savina Pereira Torres, Everton Moraes Lopes, Rumão Batista Nunes de Carvalho, Rivelilson Mendes de Freitas, Lívio César Cunha Nunes

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011ao2026

ABSTRACTObjective:To identify and analyze the presence of antinutritional factors in possible interactions between medications and foods/ nutrients of the diets prescribed for patients of the Hospital Regional Justino Luz, in the city of Picos (PI) in order to suggest their likely mechanisms.Methods:The sample was made up of 120 medical records of hospitalized patients. The charts were analyzed to verify the presence or absence of interactions between medications and foods/nutrients of the diets prescribed to the patients at the Hospital Regional […]

Depressive symptoms in patients with acute coronary syndrome

Aline Pardo de Mello, Antonio Carlos de Camargo Carvalho, Elisa Mieko Suemitsu Higa

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011ao1721

ABSTRACTObjective:To trace an epidemiological profile, to verify presence of depressive symptoms in patients with previous diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome and to identify factors that contribute to maintenance of depressive symptoms in the sample. Methods:A cross-section study carried out at the Cardiology Outpatients Clinics of Universidade Federal de São Paulo. An instrument prepared by the authors was used, which was based on similar studies with patient identification data, questions related to the psychological follow-up, relationship with family members and friends, […]

Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among women seen at the lower genital tract pathology clinic, Jundiaí School of Medicine, Brazil

João Bosco Ramos Borges, Ana Carolina Marchesini, Luciana Francine Bocchi De Stefani, Marcus Vinícius Gonçalves Belintani, Thaís Andrea dos Santos

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082011ao2002

ABSTRACTObjective:To estimate the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis in a population with a high risk of sexually transmitted diseases and to compare data of the literature and the relationship of infection with the presence of human papilloma virus induced lesions.Methods:A total of 28 hybrid capture tests for C. trachomatis were collected from patients referred to the Municipal Health Division of the city of Jundiaí (SP) for the lower genital tract pathology. The results were compared with findings in the literature, and […]

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