Volume 8, Number 4 Pt 1, October/December 2010

Sexuality in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a pilot study

Jucilene Sales da Paixão Silva, Angela Maggio da Fonseca, Vicente Renato Bagnoli, Ana Lucia Cavalcanti, José Maria Soares Jr, Edmund Chada Baracat

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1836

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the sexual behavior of women with polycystic ovary syndrome and the relationship between sexual behavior and the clinical parameters related to this syndrome (obesity, hirsutism and menstrual irregularities). Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving 48 women with polycystic ovary syndrome. The evaluation was based on the complaints reported by the women with particular emphasis on sexual satisfaction, the presence of a sexual partner, phases of the sexual response […]

Administration of BAY 41-2272 prevents bladder dysfunction in nitric-oxide deficient rats

Carlos Arturo Levi D'Ancona, Fabíola Zakia Taufic Mónica, Ricardo Reges, David Cohen, Fabio Henrique da Silva, Gilberto De Nucci, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1789

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the protective effects of BAY 41-2272, a soluble guanylate cyclase activator, on changes in cystometric parameters in rats deficient in nitric oxide (NO). Methods: Rats were divided into the following groups: (a) control; (b) DMSO; (c) L-NAME; (d) BAY 41-2272 alone; (e) L-NAME + BAY 41-2272. The NO synthase blocker L-NAME (20 mg/rat/day) was given in drinking water concomitantly or not with BAY 41-2272 (10 mg/kg/day, given by gavage). Results: Chronic L-NAME treatment markedly increased the […]

An outbreak of norovirus infection in a long-term care facility in Brazil

Fernando Gatti de Menezes, Vanessa Maria da Silva de Poli Correa, Fábio Gazelato de Mello Franco, Miriam Ikeda Ribeiro, Maria Fátima dos Santos Cardoso, Simone Guadagnucci Morillo, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1779

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe a norovirus outbreak in a Brazilian long-term care facility from July 8 to 29, 2005. Methods: In the first 48 to 72 hours after onset of symptoms in inpatients and employees, the main infection control strategies were staff education, emphasis on hand washing, implementing contact precautions up to 48-72 hours after resolution of symptoms, complete cleaning of the rooms and exclusion of symptomatic employees from work until 48-72 hours after resolution of their symptoms. Epidemiological and […]

Evaluation of the concentration of malondialdehyde and nitrite in patients with sickle cell anemia treated or not with hydroxyurea

Darcielle Bruna Dias Elias, Rivelilson Mendes de Freitas, Romélia Pinheiro Gonçalves, Hemerson Yuri Ferreira Magalhães, Jacqueline Holanda de Sousa, Silvia Maria Meira Magalhães

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1731

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the serum levels of malondialdehyde and nitrite in patients with sickle cell anemia treated or not with hydroxyurea in outpatient’s setting. Methods: Of the 65 patients with sickle cell anemia selected for the study, 51 were not treated with hydroxyurea (Group 1), 14 made chronic use of hydroxyurea (Group 2) and 20 individuals had no hemoglobinopathies (Control Group). Results: The Control Group had a lower and more homogeneous concentration of malondialdehyde levels as compared to the […]

Physical activity and stress coping in the elderly

Fernando de Andréa, Fernanda Varkala Lanuez, Adriana Nunes Machado, Wilson Jacob Filho

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1549

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the value of a physical activity program on stress coping of the elderly. Methods: Intervention study with a group of 18 elderly people referred by the Geriatric Service of the Hospital das Clinicas of the Universidade de Sao Paulo, who attended a supervised exercise program, evaluated by the human activity profile and the coping questionnaire. Results: In the coping and functional performance scales, increased stress coping capacity and improvement of daily activities were found after exposure […]

Evaluation of semen parameters in semen donors in a ten-year period in the city of São Paulo

Sidney Glina, Thiago Nova, Vera Beatriz Fehér Brand, Erica Molina, Andrea Giannotti Galuppo, Nadeje Regina Correa, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1546

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate sperm concentration, morphology and motility of Brazilian semen donors from 1992 to 2003, in the city of São Paulo. Methods: Retrospective study analyzing 182 donor semen samples from 1992 to 2003. The first and the second donated sample were analyzed for each donor. Donor average age was 30.8 years. Means with standard errors, medians with minimum and maximum values, and interquartile ranges were calculated for age, sperm concentration, semen volume, oval morphology and motility. The relation […]

Diagnosis of growing pains in a Brazilian pediatric population: a prospective investigation

Luciana Pereira Almeida de Piano, Ricardo Prado Golmia, Andrea Pimentel Fonseca Golmia, Adriana Maluf Elias Sallum, Lucia Akemi Nukumizu, Damião Guedes Castro, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1692

ABSTRACT Objective: To establish the clinical aspects of growing pains and to determine, through differential diagnosis, how many patients who referred themselves to a specialized clinic were found to have growing pains. Methods: This study prospectively examined the presence of growing pains in a self-reported population of children and adolescents with signs and symptoms (lower limb pains) of unexplained etiology. Results: A total of 345 children and adolescents were evaluated; 174 (50.4%) were males and 171 (49.6%) were females. Three […]

A descriptive study of prostate cancer mortality in the state of São Paulo, from 1980 to 2007

Ary Serpa Neto, Marcos Tobias-Machado, Marcelo Langer Wroclawski, Marco Akerman, Antônio Carlos Lima Pompeo, Auro Del Giglio

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1707

ABSTRACT Objective: Prostate cancer is the second most common neoplasm among men worldwide. This study aimed to examine the trend in mortality rates of prostate cancer among the population in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, from 1980 to 2007. Methods: a descriptive study of temporal series was conducted using mortality data due to prostate cancer between1980 and 2007 in the state of São Paulo. Mortality rates were obtained from the SUS Information System on Mortality (SIM/SUS – DATASUS). The […]

Correlation between urodynamic tests, history and clinical findings in treatment of women with urinary incontinence

João Bosco Ramos Borges, Telma Guarisi, Ana Carolina Marchesini de Camargo, Pítia Cárita de Godoy Borges

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1611

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of urodynamic test in diagnosis of urinary incontinence, comparing detailed data of history and physical examination, and some easy- to-apply clinical tests. Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was carried out by reviewing the medical charts of 55 patients with complaint of loss of urine, seen at the Urogynecology Service of Women’s Health Outpatient Clinic of Hospital Universitário de Jundiaí, between October 2006 and March 2007. The patients answered […]

Expression of p53, p16 and Ki67 proteins in ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head and their relation with survival and cell differentiation

Mário Benjamin Goitia-Durán, Marcelo Moura Linhares, Ricardo Artigiani Neto, Franz Robert Apodaca-Torrez, Edson José Lobo, Alberto Goldenberg

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1655

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the expression of p53, p16 and Ki-67 and its relevance in survival and cell differentiation. Methods: Fifteen duodenopancreatectomized patients were included. Immunohistochemical expression of p53, p16 and Ki-67 was determined in paraffin embedded tumor blocks. The relation of these expressions with different variables was studied. Results: Ninety-three per cent of tumors showed expression of p53 and p16. Ki-67 was expressed in 86.66% of tumors (labeling index – LI 11.91 ± 9.47). The presence of combined alterations […]

1 2 3