58 results

Noninvasive ventilation for acute respiratory failure in children – a systematic review

Carolina Silva Gonzaga, Dafne Cardoso Bourguignon da Silva, Carolina Figueira Rabello Alonso, Carlos Augusto Cardim de Oliveira, Lara de Araújo Torreão, Eduardo Juan Troster

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082011RW1714

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the role of noninvasive ventilation in the treatment of children with acute respiratory failure. Methods: A systematic review of literature on noninvasive ventilation in MEDLINE, LILACS, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases, besides references in articles. The outcomes evaluated were responses in blood oxygenation and ventilation, and patient survival. Results: A total of 120 studies on noninvasive ventilation were found as of May, 2010. Of these, only 19 were about noninvasive ventilation in children. On the other hand, […]

Aquatic physical therapy as a treatment modality in healthcare for non-institutionalized elderly persons: a systematic review

Gisele da Silveira Sarmento, Andréa Sanchez Navarro Pegoraro, Renata Cereda Cordeiro

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082011RW1695

ABSTRACT Objective: To review scientific literature pertaining to aquatic physical therapy in the elderly and institutionalized population. Methods: A qualitative systematic review of electronic databases MEDLINE and LILACS, with the topic index terms: “hydrotherapy,” “homes for the aged or residential facilities,” and “aged. In light of the lack of studies carried out on the institutionalized population, we opted for reviewing literature on the effectiveness of this modality of physical therapy treatment on the non-institutionalized elderly population in order to produce […]

Patients’ anxiety before cardiac catheterization

Leandro Loureiro Buzatto, Suely Sueko Viski Zanei

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010RW1517

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify researches related to anxiety and strategies to reduce it in patients who are in the pre-cardiac catheterization period. Methods: A bibliographic research was carried out in the on line databases of PubMed, MedLine, CINAHL, LILACS and SciELO, from 1997 to 2009 in MedLine and from 1999 to 2009 in the others databases. The boolean expressions “and” and “or” has been used with the descriptors in Portuguese and in English. The inclusion of discerning was related about […]

Endovascular surgery in gynecology

Marcos de Lorenzo Messina, Fernanda Deutsch, Eduardo Zlotnik, Felipe Nasser, Breno Boueri Affonso, Nilson Roberto de Melo, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010RW1372

ABSTRACT Endovascular surgery has presented a high evolution since 1960 with Charles Dotter, who changed the concept of catheter utilization as a mean to diagnose and introduce therapeutic in interventionist vascular environment. The first reports of bleeding control of gastrointestinal and transluminal angioplasty input the development of new techniques for endovascular access, and new materials use, such as microcatheters and embolic agents, become this procedure effective and viable for treatment of several pathologies. The embolization of several organs of human […]

The effects of alcohol in newborns

Maria dos Anjos Mesquita

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010rw1624

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this article was to present a review of the effects of alcohol consumption by pregnant mothers on their newborn. Definitions, prevalence, pathophysiology, clinical features, diagnostic criteria, follow-up, treatment and prevention were discussed. A search was performed in Medline, LILACS, and SciELO databases using the following terms: “fetus”, “newborn”, “pregnant woman”, “alcohol”, “alcoholism”, “fetal alcohol syndrome”, and “alcohol-related disorders”. Portuguese and English articles published from 2000 to 2009 were reviewed. The effects of alcohol consumed by pregnant women […]

Magnetohyperthermia for treatment of gliomas: experimental and clinical studies

André César da Silva, Tiago Ribeiro Oliveira, Javier Bustamante Mamani, Suzana Mária Fleury Malheiros, Lorena Favaro Pavon, Tatiana Taís Sibov, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010rw1757

ABSTRACTGliomas comprise a group of heterogeneous primary tumors of the central nervous system that originate from glial cells. Malignant gliomas account for the majority of primary malignant CNS tumors and are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Glioblastoma is the most frequent malignant glioma, and despite recent advances in diagnosis and new treatment options, its prognosis remains dismal. New opportunities for the development of effective therapies for malignant gliomas are urgently needed. Magnetohyperthermia consists of heat generation in the region […]

Indications of Sentinel Node Biopsy in Thin Melanoma

Fernanda Braga Silva, Renato Santos de Oliveira Filho, Wagner Iared, Álvaro Nagib Atallah, Ivan Dunchee de Abranches Oliveira Santos, Lydia Masako Ferreira

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010rw1424

ABSTRACTObjective:To assess data on survival, recurrence and histological factors in positive and negative sentinel lymph nodes in thin melanoma cases.Methods:A systematic review was conducted on observational studies in four databases (Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase and Lilacs). Positive and negative micrometastases in sentinel lymph node biopsy were compared regarding the clinical outcomes – death and recurrence – and six histological factors – vertical growth phase, Breslow thickness, Clark level, ulceration, regression and mitosis rate.Results:Positive sentinel lymph node is statistically associated with […]

The need to include obstetric nurses in prenatal care visits in the public health system

Selma Aparecida Lagrosa Garcia, Sidney Antonio Lagrosa Garcia, Umberto Gazi Lippi

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010rw1486

ABSTRACTObjective:To investigate, with a qualitative approach, the role of Obstetric Nurses at the primary level of care given to women’s health as a vital component of the multidisciplinary team, which today is fundamental for providing care, prevention as well as health education and promotion, especially in programs whose activities are geared towards primary care of pregnant, parturient, and puerpera women.Methods:Brazilian laws and the determinations of Nursing Councils in reference to the activities of the obstetric nurse were researched, including the […]

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