557 results

Latent tuberculosis infection and tuberculosis in children and adolescents

Cassia Satsuki Ishikawa ORCID logo , Olivia Mari Matsuo ORCID logo , Flavio Sarno ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4090

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the characteristics of patients diagnosed with tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection. Methods: A retrospective study, between 2012 and 2015, with data from patients of Programa Einstein na Comunidade de Paraisópolis. To evaluate possible factors associated with patient’s sex and diagnoses of tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection, χ2 or Fisher’s exact tests were used for qualitative variables, and Mann-Whitney test for quantitative or ordinal qualitative variables. Results: A total of 77 patients were evaluated. Age ranged from […]

Trends in surgical treatment of femoral neck fractures in the elderly

Eva Jolanda Irene Lehtonen ORCID logo , Robert Davis Stibolt Jr ORCID logo , Walter Smith ORCID logo , Bradley Wills ORCID logo , Martim Correia Pinto ORCID logo , Gerald McGwin Jr ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4351

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze recent demographic and medical billing trends in treatment of femoral neck fracture of American elderly patients. Methods The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was analyzed from 2006 to 2015, for patients aged 65 years and older, using the Current Procedural Terminology codes 27130, 27125, 27235, and 27236. Patient demographics, postoperative complications, and frequency of codes were compared and analyzed over time. Our sample had 17,122 elderly patients, in that, 70% were […]

Fracture risk assessment in home care patients using the FRAX® tool

Vitor Moraes Rocha ORCID logo , Heloisa Amaral Gaspar ORCID logo , Claudio Flauzino de Oliveira ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4236

ABSTRACT Objective To assess the ten-year risk of hip and osteoporotic fracture in home care patients using the FRAX® tool. Methods A retrospective, cross-sectional observational study including patients aged ≥ 40 and ≤ 90 years and receiving home care from a private provider. The risk of fracture was calculated using an online calculator. High risk was defined as risk of hip fracture greater than 3% or risk of osteoporotic fracture greater than 20%. Data were expressed as absolute number (n), […]

Physical training reverses changes in hepatic mitochondrial diameter of Alloxan-induced diabetic rats

Gabriel Keine Kuga ORCID logo , Rafael Calais Gaspar ORCID logo , Vitor Rosetto Muñoz ORCID logo , Susana Castelo Branco Ramos Nakandakari ORCID logo , Leonardo Breda ORCID logo , Bruna Marina Sandoval ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4353

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the effects of physical training on metabolic and morphological parameters of diabetic rats. Methods Wistar rats were randomized into four groups: sedentary control, trained control, sedentary diabetic and trained diabetic. Diabetes mellitus was induced by Alloxan (35mg/kg) administration for sedentary diabetic and Trained Diabetic Groups. The exercise protocol consisted of swimming with a load of 2.5% of body weight for 60 minutes per day (5 days per week) for the trained control and Trained Diabetic Groups, […]

Oral colonization by Candida species in HIV-positive patients: association and antifungal susceptibility study

Letícia Silveira Goulart ORCID logo , Werika Weryanne Rosa de Souza ORCID logo , Camila Aoyama Vieira ORCID logo , Janaina Sousa de Lima ORCID logo , Ricardo Alves de Olinda ORCID logo , Claudinéia de Araújo ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4224

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate antifungal susceptibility and factors associated with oral colonization by Candida species in HIV-positive patients. Methods A prospective study based on convenience sampling of subjects recruited from a pool of confirmed HIV-positive individuals seen at a specialty outpatient service in Rondonópolis, Mato Grosso, Brazil). Oral swabs were collected from 197 patients. Candida species were identified by standard microbiological techniques (phenotypic and molecular methods). Antifungal susceptibility was investigated using the broth microdilution method. Results A total of 101 […]

Case-control study of oral disease indexes in individuals with head and neck cancer after antineoplastic therapy

Reyna Aguilar Quispe ORCID logo , Adrielle Lindolpho Cremonesi ORCID logo , Jeanne Kelly Gonçalves ORCID logo , Cassia Maria Fischer Rubira ORCID logo , Paulo Sérgio da Silva Santos ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4245

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the oral health of patients with head and neck cancer after antineoplastic treatment, and to compare them with patients with no history of cancer. Methods A total of 75 patients, divided into Study Group, composed of individuals after antineoplastic treatment (n=30), and Control Group, with individuals with no history of cancer (n=45), aged 37 to 79 years. The oral health status was evaluated through the index of decayed, missing or filled permanent teeth (DMFT), community periodontal […]

Intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injections are significantly more efficacious than oral oxybutynin for treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity: results of a randomized, controlled, 24-week trial

Rúiter Silva Ferreira ORCID logo , Carlos Arturo Levi D’Ancona ORCID logo , Matthias Oelke ORCID logo , Maurício Rassi Carneiro ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4207

ABSTRACT Objective To prospectively compare the results of intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injections and oral oxybutynin for urinary continence, urodynamic parameters and quality of life in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity due to spinal cord injury. Methods Adult patients under intermittent catheterization were randomized 1:1 to receive one injection of onabotulinumtoxinA 300U or oxybutynin 5mg, per oris, three times/day. Primary study endpoint was change in urinary incontinence episodes/24 hours and secondary study endpoints were maximum cystometric capacity, maximum detrusor pressure, bladder compliance […]

Human papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer precursor lesions in women living by Amazon rivers: investigation of relations with markers of oxidative stress

Bruna Emanuelle Sanches Borges ORCID logo , Elza Baia de Brito ORCID logo , Hellen Thais Fuzii ORCID logo , Cláudia Simone Baltazar ORCID logo , Aline Barreto Sá ORCID logo , Camile Irene Mota da Silva ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4190

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the relation between oxidative stress markers, human papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer precursor lesions. Methods The study comprised women aged 14 to 60 years living in communities located by Amazon rivers in the state of Pará (Itaituba, Limoeiro do Ajuru and Bragança, 126, 68 and 43 women respectively). Papanicolau smears and polymerase chain reaction tests for human papillomavirus DNA detection were performed. Blood samples were collected to test malondialdehyde, total and oxidized glutathione levels. Results Malondialdehyde, […]

Circumcision: postoperative complications that required reoperation

Carolina Talini ORCID logo , Letícia Alves Antunes ORCID logo , Bruna Cecília Neves de Carvalho ORCID logo , Karin Lucilda Schultz ORCID logo , Maria Helena Camargo Peralta Del Valle ORCID logo , Ayrton Alves Aranha Junior ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4241

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate post-operative complications of circumcision requiring surgical reintervention. Methods Retrospective analysis of medical records of patients submitted to circumcision from May 1st, 2015 to May 31st, 2016. Results A total of 2,441 circumcisions were performed; in that, 1,940 using Plastibell and 501 by the classic technique. Complications requiring surgical reintervention were found in 3.27% of patients. When separated by surgical technique, 3.4% of circumcisions using Plastibell device required reoperation, as compared to 3% of conventional technique (p=0.79). […]

Qualitative assessment of online information about age-related macular degeneration available in Portuguese

Jorge Agi, Niro Kasahara, Claudio Luiz Lottenberg

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4240

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the quality of online information on age-related macular degeneration available in Portuguese. Methods: The search term “age-related macular degeneration” was used to browse the web using four different search engines. The first 40 websites appearing on match lists provided by each search engine were recorded and those listed in at least three tab pages selected. The Sandvik Severity Index was used as to assess website quality. Results: Quality of information available on selected websites was rated […]

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