533 results

Oral and oropharyngeal cancer: epidemiology and survival analysis

Juliana da Silva Moro, Marília Cunha Maroneze, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Luisa Machado Barin, Cristiane Cademartori Danesi

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4248

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the epidemiological profile and survival rate of oral and oropharyngeal cancer patients seen at a university hospital. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out by means of the pathological reports of patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer, seen at a university hospital of the Southern Region, between January 2004 and December 2014. Information was collected on patients and tumors. The mortality rate was gathered from the patient death registry in the Mortality Information System. Data were […]

Evaluation of quality of sleep in women with stress urinary incontinence before and after surgical correction

Josyandra Paula de Freitas, Mariana Pereira Inácio Silvestri, César Eduardo Fernandes, Emerson de Oliveira

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4205

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the quality of sleep in women with urinary incontinence before and after sling surgery. Methods: A prospective study of case series of women with urodynamic diagnosis of stress urinary incontinence. To evaluate the subjective quality of sleep, two specific questionnaires were used and validated for the Portuguese Language: Epworth Sleepiness Scale and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The questionnaires were applied before and 6 months after surgical repair. Results: When analyzing the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, there was […]

Pharmacotherapeutic follow-up in a respiratory intensive care unit: description and analysis of results

Ana Carolina de Souza e Silva, Domingos Sávio de Carvalho Sousa, Eunice Bobô de Carvalho Perraud, Fátima Rosane de Almeida Oliveira, Bruna Cristina Cardoso Martins

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4112

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe and evaluate the pharmacotherapeutic follow-up by a clinical pharmacist in an intensive care unit. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out from August to October 2016. The data were collected through a form, and pharmacotherapeutic follow-up conducted by a clinical pharmacist at the respiratory intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital. The problems recorded in the prescriptions were quantified, classified and evaluated according to severity; the recommendations made by the pharmacist were analyzed considering the […]

What are the most frequent diagnoses in adolescence? The reality of an Adolescent Medicine Clinic

Nina Abreu, Inês Dias, Mafalda Cascais, Alexandra Luz, Pascoal Moleiro

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4225

ABSTRACT Objective To characterize the care flow and the primary diagnoses of an Adolescent Medicine Clinic. Methods A retrospective descriptive study, with analysis of clinical processes of adolescents (10-18 years) seen at the Adolescent Medicine Clinic, from January 2006 to December 2013. The following variables were analyzed: sex, age, number of visits, referring service and primary diagnoses according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. As to the variable age, the adolescents were divided into two […]

Analysis of cancer perception by elderly people

Isaac Felipe Leite Braz, Raquel Andresa Duarte Gomes, Mariele Silva de Azevedo, Francisco das Chagas Marison Alves, Danilo Silveira Seabra, Francisco Pignataro Lima, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4155

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the perception of elderly population about cancer, correlating it with the clinical variables sex, age and past history of cancer. Methods The sample was composed of 300 individuals, 174 (58%) women. A questionnaire containing ten questions and based on the Health Information National Trends Survey was used. For statistical analysis, a p value

Assessment of oxidative stress in saliva of children with dental erosion

Caleb Shitsuka, Flávia Kazue Ibuki, Fernando Neves Nogueira, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Marcelo Bönecker

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4203

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate oxidative stress in saliva of children with dental erosion as compared to children with no erosion. Methods One single examiner, trained and prepared to make diagnosis of dental erosion according to the Basic Erosive Wear Examination index, selected 40 children aged 4 to 6 years, who attended a pediatric dentistry prevention clinic. Two groups were formed – one comprising children with dental erosion (n=22), and another with no dental erosion (n=18). The quantity of dental biofilm […]

Construction and validation of content of one instrument to assess falls in the elderly

Michele Bittencourt Silveira, Ricardo Pedrozo Saldanha, José Carlos de Carvalho Leite, Thamyres Oliveira Ferreira da Silva, Thiago Silva, Lidiane Isabel Filippin

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4154

ABSTRACT Objective To develop and validate the content of the online Questionnaire for Fall Risk Assessment in the Elderly. Methods The instrument was developed based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization. Initially, the set of items was submitted to evaluation of judges (healthcare professionals with experience in elderly health), who could suggest inclusion or exclusion of questions from the instrument; they were also asked to rate each question according to the […]

Comparison between Ogawa-Kudoh and modified Petroff techniques for mycobacteria cultivation in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis

Ronaldo Rodrigues da Costa, Suzane Fernandes da Silva, Romário Costa Fochat, Raquel Leite Macedo, Thamiris Vilela Pereira, Marcio Roberto Silva, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4214

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the performance of the Ogawa-Kudoh method with the modified Petroff technique in diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. Methods A total of 205 sputum samples from 166 patients with clinical suspicion or under pulmonary tuberculosis follow-up, seen at a public tertiary care hospital, from July 2014 to July 2016 were used. All samples were simultaneously processed using the Ogawa-Kudoh and modified Petroff decontamination methods, according to the recommendations of the Ministry of Health. In the statistical analysis, the […]

Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in diagnosis of mediastinal lesions

Ricardo Sales dos Santos, Marcia Jacomelli, Juliana Pereira Franceschini, Iunis Suzuki, Altair da Silva Costa Jr., Christina Shiang, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4094

ABSTRACT Objective To describe the results of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in making diagnosis of mediastinal injuries associated to different causes. Methods A retrospective cross-sectional study of patients submitted to Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration at a private organization, between June 2013 and October 2016. All cases referred for collection of lymph nodes or peritracheal/peribronchial masses by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration, and evaluated through tomography or PET-CT were included. Interventional pulmonologists and thoracic surgeons with experience in the […]

Patient safety and the value of pharmaceutical intervention in a cancer hospital

Karina da Silva Aguiar, Jamile Machado dos Santos, Mônica Cristina Cambrussi, Solane Picolotto, Marcela Bechara Carneiro

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4122

ABSTRACT Objective To demonstrate economic impact of pharmaceutical evaluation in detection and prevention of errors in antineoplastic prescriptions. Methods This was an observational and retrospective study performed in a cancer hospital. From July to August 2016 pharmacists checked prescriptions of antineoplastic and adjuvant drugs. Drug-related problems observed were classified and analyzed concerning drug, pharmaceutical intervention, acceptability and characteristic of the error. In case of problem related to dose, we calculated a deviation percentage related with correct dose and value spent […]

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