533 results

Oral colonization by Candida species in HIV-positive patients: association and antifungal susceptibility study

Letícia Silveira Goulart ORCID logo , Werika Weryanne Rosa de Souza ORCID logo , Camila Aoyama Vieira ORCID logo , Janaina Sousa de Lima ORCID logo , Ricardo Alves de Olinda ORCID logo , Claudinéia de Araújo ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4224

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate antifungal susceptibility and factors associated with oral colonization by Candida species in HIV-positive patients. Methods A prospective study based on convenience sampling of subjects recruited from a pool of confirmed HIV-positive individuals seen at a specialty outpatient service in Rondonópolis, Mato Grosso, Brazil). Oral swabs were collected from 197 patients. Candida species were identified by standard microbiological techniques (phenotypic and molecular methods). Antifungal susceptibility was investigated using the broth microdilution method. Results A total of 101 […]

Case-control study of oral disease indexes in individuals with head and neck cancer after antineoplastic therapy

Reyna Aguilar Quispe ORCID logo , Adrielle Lindolpho Cremonesi ORCID logo , Jeanne Kelly Gonçalves ORCID logo , Cassia Maria Fischer Rubira ORCID logo , Paulo Sérgio da Silva Santos ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4245

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the oral health of patients with head and neck cancer after antineoplastic treatment, and to compare them with patients with no history of cancer. Methods A total of 75 patients, divided into Study Group, composed of individuals after antineoplastic treatment (n=30), and Control Group, with individuals with no history of cancer (n=45), aged 37 to 79 years. The oral health status was evaluated through the index of decayed, missing or filled permanent teeth (DMFT), community periodontal […]

Intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injections are significantly more efficacious than oral oxybutynin for treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity: results of a randomized, controlled, 24-week trial

Rúiter Silva Ferreira ORCID logo , Carlos Arturo Levi D’Ancona ORCID logo , Matthias Oelke ORCID logo , Maurício Rassi Carneiro ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4207

ABSTRACT Objective To prospectively compare the results of intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injections and oral oxybutynin for urinary continence, urodynamic parameters and quality of life in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity due to spinal cord injury. Methods Adult patients under intermittent catheterization were randomized 1:1 to receive one injection of onabotulinumtoxinA 300U or oxybutynin 5mg, per oris, three times/day. Primary study endpoint was change in urinary incontinence episodes/24 hours and secondary study endpoints were maximum cystometric capacity, maximum detrusor pressure, bladder compliance […]

Human papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer precursor lesions in women living by Amazon rivers: investigation of relations with markers of oxidative stress

Bruna Emanuelle Sanches Borges ORCID logo , Elza Baia de Brito ORCID logo , Hellen Thais Fuzii ORCID logo , Cláudia Simone Baltazar ORCID logo , Aline Barreto Sá ORCID logo , Camile Irene Mota da Silva ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4190

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the relation between oxidative stress markers, human papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer precursor lesions. Methods The study comprised women aged 14 to 60 years living in communities located by Amazon rivers in the state of Pará (Itaituba, Limoeiro do Ajuru and Bragança, 126, 68 and 43 women respectively). Papanicolau smears and polymerase chain reaction tests for human papillomavirus DNA detection were performed. Blood samples were collected to test malondialdehyde, total and oxidized glutathione levels. Results Malondialdehyde, […]

Circumcision: postoperative complications that required reoperation

Carolina Talini ORCID logo , Letícia Alves Antunes ORCID logo , Bruna Cecília Neves de Carvalho ORCID logo , Karin Lucilda Schultz ORCID logo , Maria Helena Camargo Peralta Del Valle ORCID logo , Ayrton Alves Aranha Junior ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4241

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate post-operative complications of circumcision requiring surgical reintervention. Methods Retrospective analysis of medical records of patients submitted to circumcision from May 1st, 2015 to May 31st, 2016. Results A total of 2,441 circumcisions were performed; in that, 1,940 using Plastibell and 501 by the classic technique. Complications requiring surgical reintervention were found in 3.27% of patients. When separated by surgical technique, 3.4% of circumcisions using Plastibell device required reoperation, as compared to 3% of conventional technique (p=0.79). […]

Qualitative assessment of online information about age-related macular degeneration available in Portuguese

Jorge Agi, Niro Kasahara, Claudio Luiz Lottenberg

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4240

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the quality of online information on age-related macular degeneration available in Portuguese. Methods: The search term “age-related macular degeneration” was used to browse the web using four different search engines. The first 40 websites appearing on match lists provided by each search engine were recorded and those listed in at least three tab pages selected. The Sandvik Severity Index was used as to assess website quality. Results: Quality of information available on selected websites was rated […]

The importance of dysphagia screening and nutritional assessment in hospitalized patients

Patrícia Amaro Andrade, Carolina Araújo dos Santos, Heloísa Helena Firmino, Carla de Oliveira Barbosa Rosa

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4189

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine frequency of dysphagia risk and associated factors in hospitalized patients as well as to evaluate nutritional status by using different methods and correlate the status with scores of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study including 909 inpatients of a philanthropic hospital. For the diagnosis of dysphagia we used an adapted and validated Brazilian version of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10). The nutritional status was evaluated through the subjective global assessment, and […]

Cardiovascular risk and use of conicity index in patients submitted to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Suelyne Rodrigues de Morais, Ana Carolina Cavalcante Viana, Ana Filomena Camacho Santos Daltro, Priscila da Silva Mendonça

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4253

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the prevalence of overweight and the use of conicity index for cardiovascular risk assessment in individuals submitted to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Methods The sample comprised 91 patients of both sexes, who underwent autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from September 2008 to December 2013, aged 18 years or over. To determine the nutritional profile, we collected anthropometric data on weight, height, waist circumference upon hospital admission. The body mass index and the conicity index were […]

Incidence of variant hemoglobins in newborns attended by a public health laboratory

Flávia Mylla de Sousa Reis, Renata Rodrigues de Oliveira Castelo Branco, Amanda Mota Conceição, Letícia Paula Benvindo Trajano, José Felipe Pinheiro do Nascimento Vieira, Pablo Ricardo Barbosa Ferreira, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4150

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the incidence of variant hemoglobins in different health regions. Methods A descriptive, observational, and cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach based on secondary data in the internal records of the neonatal screening service – Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública do Estado do Piauí (PI, Brazil). The variables related to sex, ethnicity and positive diagnosis for variant hemoglobins were analyzed, with further population distribution of hemoglobinopathies among the macroregions of the state. Results A total of 69,180 […]

Levels of knowledge about asthma of parents of asthmatic children

Cristian Roncada, Thiago de Araujo Cardoso, Bianca Martininghi Bugança, Luísa Carolina Bischoff, Karina Soldera, Paulo Márcio Pitrez

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4204

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the levels of knowledge about asthma of parents of school children. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out with parents of children with medical diagnosis of asthma (mild, moderate and severe), followed up at an outpatient referral center for childhood asthma in the Southern region of Brazil (Asthma Group). Parents of children with asthma in remission and healthy children were also selected (Control Group). The Newcastle Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire (NAKQ) questionnaire was applied in both groups. […]

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