557 results

Frequency of peri-intraventricular hemorrhage and its associated factors in premature newborns

Evelyn Arrais Guzman, José Ricardo Dias Bertagnon, Yara Juliano

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1632

ABSTRACTObjective:To identify the frequency of intracranial hemorrhage and its associated factors in premature newborns.Methods:A cross-sectional study based on a survey of medical records of premature neonates submitted to transfontanellar ultrasound at a hospital located in a southern neighborhood of the city of São Paulo, in 2007.Results:A 50% rate of intracranial hemorrhage was found among premature newborns submitted to transfontanellar ultrasound, and 15.35% among all premature babies born in this hospital in 2007. The statistically significant factors associated to intracranial hemorrhage […]

Timing of initial surfactant treatment in very low birth weight newborns

Celso Moura Rebello, Luciene Ferreira do Amaral Nacif, Alice D´Agostini Deutsch, Ângela Tavares Paes

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1758

ABSTRACTObjective:To correlate the timing of treatment using exogenous surfactant with the main variables related to respiratory distress syndrome or prematurity.Methods:A historic cohort study between January 1, 2004 and June 30, 2007, including very low birth weight newborns (birth weight

Research knowledge in undergraduate school in Brazil: a comparison between medical and law students

Antonio José Souza Reis Filho, Bruno Bezerril Andrade, Vitor Rosa Ramos de Mendonça, Manoel Barral-Netto

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1702

ABSTRACTObjective:Exposure to science education during college may affect a student’s profile, and research experience may be associated with better professional performance. We hypothesized that the impact of research experience obtained during graduate study differs among professional curricula and among graduate courses.Methods:A validated multiple-choice questionnaire concerning scientific concepts was given to students in the first and fourth years of medical and law school at a public Brazilian educational institution.Results:Medical students participated more frequently in introductory scientific programs than law students, and […]

Impact of educational lectures on female adolescents’ knowledge about sexually transmitted diseases and cervical cancer in the city of Jundiaí, SP

João Bosco Ramos Borges, Marcus Vinícus Gonçalves Belintani, Patrícia Frodl Miranda, Ana Carolina Marchesini de Camargo, Renata Guarisi, Edna Marina Cappi Maia, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1544

ABSTRACTObjective:To evaluate the knowledge of adolescents living in Vila Ana and Morada das Vinhas region, in the city of Jundiaí, State of São Paulo, Brazil, on prevention and diagnosis of the main sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and on cervical cancer, as well as the immediate impact of educational lectures.Methods:A prospective cross-sectional study was performed to assess the knowledge of a particular group of female adolescents about STDs and cervical cancer, by means of a questionnaire applied before and after educational […]

Efficacy and toxicity of mitoxantrone and oral etoposide in the treatment of hormone-refractory prostate cancer: pilot study

Rafael Kaliks, Camila Guerra, Auro Del Giglio

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1622

ABSTRACTObjective:To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of the association of mitoxantrone and oral etoposide.Methods:Twelve consecutive patients with metastatic hormone-refractory prostate cancer were treated with mitoxantrone and oral etoposide. Toxicity, response rate and response duration were assessed.Results:Partial response was observed in two patients (response duration of seven and four months) and one patient had stable disease (during four months). Mitoxantrone and oral Etoposide were well tolerated and did not affect tolerability to subsequent chemotherapy.Conclusion:Mitoxantrone and oral etoposide association is an active […]

Morbidity in neonates according to the mode of delivery: a comparative study

Maria Cecilia Santa Cruz Breim, Conceição Aparecida de Mattos Segre, Umberto Gazi Lippi

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1658

ABSTRACTObjective:The objective of this study was to compare the effects of the modes of delivery on the health of newborns in a private maternity hospital in the city of São Paulo.Methods:Between January 1995 and December 1998, all patients consecutively admitted for deliveries were included in this cross-sectional retrospective study. A total of 8,457 medical records were analyzed, being excluded of the sample 460 multiple pregnancies and 517 pregnant women with obstetric and/or clinical disorders. The incidence of neonatal birth injury, […]

A new experimental model for inducing interstitial cystitis by oxidative stress using intravesical instillation of a nitric oxide donor gel

Thais Figueiredo Palma, Márcia Lanzoni de Alvarenga, Amedea Barozzi Seabra, Marcelo Ganzarolli de Oliveira, Cássio Luis Zanettini Riccetto

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1663

ABSTRACTObjective:The aim of this study was to develop an experimental model of inducing interstitial cystitis through intravesical instillation of a polymeric solution containing the NO donor S-nitrousglutathione (GSNO) and to compare it to the experimental interstitial cystitis induced by vesical instillation of protamine and potassium chloride.Methods:A total of 40 female Wistar rats were used and divided into four groups: 1 – ten rats treated with saline solution + GSNO; 2 – ten rats treated with saline solution + polymeric solution […]

Two-dimensional analysis of gait asymmetry in spastic hemiplegia

Marise Bueno Zonta, Amancio Ramalho Júnior, Regina Maria Ribeiro Camargo, Fabiano Hessel Dias, Lúcia Helena Coutinho dos Santos

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1678

ABSTRACTObjective:Simple measures of gait for routine clinical use could be useful when the complex gait analysis systems are not available. The aim of this study was to quantify asymmetry in children with spastic hemiplegia using a two-dimensional gait analysis by videography and to relate the asymmetry to motor function.Methods:Twenty-four children with spastic hemiplegia (19 males, 5 females; mean age 49 months [SD 5 months], range from 39 to 60 months) were assessed with a two-dimensional gait analysis by videography and […]

Communication and access to information in assessing the quality of multiprofessional care of patients

Leny Vieira Cavalheiro, Paola Bruno de Araújo Andreoli, Nadia Sueli de Medeiros, Telma de Almeida Busch Mendes, Roselaine Oliveira, Júnia Jorge Rjeille Cordeiro, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1298

ABSTRACTObjective:To assess the quality of a multiprofessional healthcare model for in-hospital patients by means of two performance indicators (communication and knowledge about the case).Methods:A cross-sectional study assessed the knowledge that professionals had about the clinical information of patients and the use of communication strategies by the team. Healthcare professionals were interviewed during their work period. Seven occupational categories were interviewed. A total of 199 medical charts were randomly selected for interviews, and 312 professionals of different categories were interviewed. The […]

Thoracic trauma: analysis of 100 consecutive cases

Maíra Benito Scapolan, Nathália Lins Pontes Vieira, Silvia Stiefano Nitrini, Roberto Saad Junior, Roberto Gonçalves, Jacqueline Arantes Giannini Perlingeiro, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1532

ABSTRACTObjective:To analyze thoracic trauma assisted by the Emergency Service of Hospital da Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo.Methods:One hundred patients with thoracic trauma were assisted throughout six months in 2006. Data from their records were collected and a protocol of thoracic trauma was fulfilled. The Revised Trauma Score was used to evaluate gravity of injury and to calculate the survival index.Results:Prevalence of trauma injury in male from 20 to 29 years old was observed. Out of all […]

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