536 results

Analysis of possible food/nutrient and drug interactions in hospitalized patients

Everton Moraes Lopes, Rumão Batista Nunes de Carvalho, Rivelilson Mendes de Freitas

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1672

ABSTRACTObjective:To evaluate the prescription in relation to the possible interactions between drugs and foods/nutrients in the diets of patients in the Hospital Regional Justino Luz in the municipality of Picos, Piauí, Brazil.Methods:The sample consisted of 60 medical records of patients admitted at the hospital. The records were analyzed according to the presence or absence of interactions between drugs and foods/nutrients of the prescribed diets.Results:Of the 82 drugs prescribed in all periods, there were 16 drugs (19.5%) with possible interaction with […]

Correlation between two physical activity programs in the gait of sedentary elderly subjects

Mariana Varkala Lanuez, Fernanda Varkala Lanuez, Eduardo Gunther Montero, Wilson Jacob Filho

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1585

ABSTRACTObjectives:To assess the effect of exercise on gait using two different programs: a group of aerobic exercises (Group A, n = 18) and a group of flexibility and balance exercises (Group B, n = 19).Methods:A casualized controlled study, in which each sample controlled itself, was undertaken. The sample comprised 37 male and female subjects, aged from 60 to 90 years, from the outpatient clinic of the Geriatrics Unit of Hospital das Clínicas of Faculdade de Medicina of Universidade de São […]

Comparative analysis of radical prostatectomy techniques using perineal or suprapubic approach in the treatment of localized prostate cancer

Gelbert Luiz Chamon do Carmo Amorim, Geraldo Magela Gomes da Cruz, Denny Fabrício Magalhães Veloso, José David Kartabil, José Carlos Vieira, Paulo Roberto Alves

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1592

ABSTRACTObjective:To compare the results of radical prostatectomy by perineal and suprapubic approaches as to operative time, procedure costs, and surgical site complications.Methods:The medical records of localized prostate cancer patients (PSA ≤ 10 ng/ml and Gleason score ≤ 6) were analyzed. Fifty-five patients were submitted to radical prostatectomy by perineal approach and 54 via suprapubic approach.Results:There were statistical differences between groups as to operative time (p < 0.05); for perineal approach it was in average 114 minutes (SD ± 0.03) and [...]

Denver II: evaluation of the development of children treated in the outpatient clinic of Project Einstein in the Community of Paraisópolis

Márcia Wanderley de Moraes, Ana Paula Rodrigues Weber, Marcela de Castro e Oliveira Santos, Fabiane de Amorim Almeida

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1620

ABSTRACTObjectives:To evaluate the neuropsychomotor development of children treated in an outpatient clinic, using the Denver Developmental Screening Test II (DDST-R).Methods:This was an exploratory descriptive research using a quantitative approach, conducted in the outpatient clinic of the Project Einstein in the Community of Paraisopolis (PECP), São Paulo, Brazil. The sample consisted of 35 children, from birth to 6 years of age, most of them from 1 to 3 years old (19; 54.3%). They underwent the Denver II Test, which assesses four […]

Assessing knowledge of Medical undergraduate students on palliative care in end-stage disease patients

Sandra Alamino Felix de Moraes, Maisa Carla Kairalla

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1464

ABSTRACTObjective:To assess the knowledge on palliative care of undergraduate medical students of the 9th and 10th semesters at Universidade Nove de Julho.Methods:A self-applied and self-explanatory questionnaire was prepared with 9 objective questions and given to 50 undergraduate medical students of these semesters. The content was related to palliative care, addressing some topics, such as orthothanasia, dysthanasia, euthanasia and clinical cases. The questionnaire was applied from November 2007 to February 2008.Results:As to correct answers, the rates were 84%, 42%, 38% and […]

Adverse drug events leading to emergency department visits in elderly: the role of inappropriate prescription

José Marcelo Farfel, Tarso Augusto Duenhas Accorsi, Marcelo Franken, Sueli Pinto Doudement, Mariane Moran, Mauro Iervolino, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1473

ABSTRACTObjective:Adverse drug reactions are more incident among the elderly and are frequently associated to inappropriate prescription for this group. The objective of the current study was to investigate the incidence and the characteristics of emergency department visits, related to inappropriate prescription, at the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein.Methods:Patients aged 60 years or older, admitted to the emergency department at Unidade Avançada Ibirapuera of Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, were included in the study. Potentially inappropriate medication for the elderly was evaluated using […]

Patient care and administrative activities of nurses in clinical/surgical units

Marilia Moura Luvisotto, Ana Carolina Vasconcelos, Lívia Canelas Sciarpa, Rachel de Carvalho

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1354

ABSTRACTObjectives:To identify the administrative and nursing care activities most performed by nurses in clinical/surgical units and to determine which are most and least pleasant to them.Methods:A descriptive-exploratory field study, with a quantitative approach and with a sample made up of 40 nurses working in clinical/surgical units who answered a three-part questionnaire composed of identification data and characterization of the professional; a list of nursing and administrative activities for the nurse to grade according to the numbers: “0 = I do […]

Urinary incontinence after vaginal delivery or cesarean section

João Bosco Ramos Borges, Telma Guarisi, Ana Carolina Marchesini de Camargo, Thomaz Rafael Gollop, Rogério Bonassi Machado, Pítia Cárita de Godoy Borges

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1543

ABSTRACTObjective:To assess the prevalence of stress urinary incontinence, urge incontinence and mixed urinary incontinence among women residing in the city of Jundiaí (São Paulo, Brazil), and the relation between the type of incontinence and the obstetric history of these women.Methods:A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted. A total of 332 women were interviewed; they were seen for whatever reason at the public primary healthcare units of the city of Jundiaí, from March 2005 to April 2006. A pre-tested questionnaire was administered […]

Follow-up of premature children with high risk for growth and development delay: a multiprofessional assessment

Marcia de Freitas, Ana Merzel Kernkraut, Simone Maria Amadio Guerrero, Sonia Teresa Gaidzakian Akopian, Sandra Harumi Murakami, Vanessa Madaschi, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1569

ABSTRACTObjective:To describe the activities of a multiprofessional outpatient clinic performed by neonatologist, physiatrist, physical therapist, occupational therapist, speech therapist, audiologist and psychologist, who evaluated the development of premature newborns.Methods:Twenty children born at a tertiary-care hospital (São Paulo, Brazil), between April 2006 and April 2007, with birth weight below 1250 g or less than 32 weeks of gestation, were evaluated. The multiprofessional evaluation included assessment of development using the Bayley III scale, at the corrected age of 3, 6, 9, 12, […]

Evaluation of chemiluminescence method for the analysis of plasma homocysteine and comparison with HPLC method in children samples

Thais Moura Gascón, Fernanda Schindler, Claudia Giorgia Bronzatti de Oliveira, Fabiola Isabel Suano Souza, Sonia Hix, Roseli Oselka Sacardo Sarni, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1499

ABSTRACTObjective:To compare the results for homocysteine concentration using chemiluminescence and HPLC methods in samples from school-age children. In addition, to determine the reference values for patients of this age group and assess the real prognostic value of homocysteine in healthy children.Methods:A prospective observational study was undertaken to determine plasma levels of homocysteine using two different assays, HPLC and chemiluminescence, in 185 samples from school-age children living in Santo Andre, with no chronic or inflammatory diseases, and absence of pubertal development.Results:The […]

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