551 results

A descriptive study of prostate cancer mortality in the state of São Paulo, from 1980 to 2007

Ary Serpa Neto, Marcos Tobias-Machado, Marcelo Langer Wroclawski, Marco Akerman, Antônio Carlos Lima Pompeo, Auro Del Giglio

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1707

ABSTRACT Objective: Prostate cancer is the second most common neoplasm among men worldwide. This study aimed to examine the trend in mortality rates of prostate cancer among the population in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, from 1980 to 2007. Methods: a descriptive study of temporal series was conducted using mortality data due to prostate cancer between1980 and 2007 in the state of São Paulo. Mortality rates were obtained from the SUS Information System on Mortality (SIM/SUS – DATASUS). The […]

Diagnosis of growing pains in a Brazilian pediatric population: a prospective investigation

Luciana Pereira Almeida de Piano, Ricardo Prado Golmia, Andrea Pimentel Fonseca Golmia, Adriana Maluf Elias Sallum, Lucia Akemi Nukumizu, Damião Guedes Castro, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1692

ABSTRACT Objective: To establish the clinical aspects of growing pains and to determine, through differential diagnosis, how many patients who referred themselves to a specialized clinic were found to have growing pains. Methods: This study prospectively examined the presence of growing pains in a self-reported population of children and adolescents with signs and symptoms (lower limb pains) of unexplained etiology. Results: A total of 345 children and adolescents were evaluated; 174 (50.4%) were males and 171 (49.6%) were females. Three […]

Total hip and knee joint replacement: perioperative clinical aspects

Luciana Pereira Almeida de Piano, Ricardo Prado Golmia, Morton Scheinberg

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1660

ABSTRACTObjective:To understand the profile of patients undergoing hip and knee replacement during two years, and to compare the data obtained with the literature.Methods:A total of 323 medical records were reviewed to analyze the perioperative data of patients submitted to hip and knee replacement.Results:Osteoarthritis was the main indication for both procedures and male patients were heavier than females (p < 0.05). Hypertension was the prevalent disease among patients. Blood loss was more frequent in knee surgery than in the hip.Conclusions:The profile [...]

Analysis of possible food/nutrient and drug interactions in hospitalized patients

Everton Moraes Lopes, Rumão Batista Nunes de Carvalho, Rivelilson Mendes de Freitas

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1672

ABSTRACTObjective:To evaluate the prescription in relation to the possible interactions between drugs and foods/nutrients in the diets of patients in the Hospital Regional Justino Luz in the municipality of Picos, Piauí, Brazil.Methods:The sample consisted of 60 medical records of patients admitted at the hospital. The records were analyzed according to the presence or absence of interactions between drugs and foods/nutrients of the prescribed diets.Results:Of the 82 drugs prescribed in all periods, there were 16 drugs (19.5%) with possible interaction with […]

Correlation between two physical activity programs in the gait of sedentary elderly subjects

Mariana Varkala Lanuez, Fernanda Varkala Lanuez, Eduardo Gunther Montero, Wilson Jacob Filho

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1585

ABSTRACTObjectives:To assess the effect of exercise on gait using two different programs: a group of aerobic exercises (Group A, n = 18) and a group of flexibility and balance exercises (Group B, n = 19).Methods:A casualized controlled study, in which each sample controlled itself, was undertaken. The sample comprised 37 male and female subjects, aged from 60 to 90 years, from the outpatient clinic of the Geriatrics Unit of Hospital das Clínicas of Faculdade de Medicina of Universidade de São […]

Impact of treadmill gait training with neuromuscular electrical stimulation on the urodynamic profile of patients with high cervical spinal cord injury

Carlos Arturo Levi D’Ancona, Alberto Clilclet, Lia Yumi Ikari, Renato Jesus Pedro, Walter da Silva Júnior

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1691

ABSTRACTObjective:To evaluate the impact of gait training with neuromuscular electrical stimulation on urodynamic parameters of patients with neurogenic bladder.Methods:Eight male quadriplegic patients with complete cervical injury level ranging from C4 to C7 comprised the study population. They underwent treadmill gait training with neuromuscular electrical stimulation for six months, only after having their quadriceps and tibialis anterior muscles stimulated for five months in order to support at least 50% of their body weight (pre-gait training). Urodynamic testing was performed before the […]

Biomarkers in Parkinson Disease: global gene expression analysis in peripheral blood from patients with and without mutations in PARK2 and PARK8

Patricia Maria de Carvalho Aguiar, Patricia Severino

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1674

ABSTRACTObjective:To evaluate the performance of gene expression analysis in the peripheral blood of Parkinson disease patients with different genetic profiles using microarray as a tool to identify possible diseases related biomarkers which could contribute to the elucidation of the pathological process, as well as be useful in diagnosis.Methods:Global gene expression analysis by means of DNA microarrays was performed in peripheral blood of Parkinson disease patients with previously identified mutations in PARK2 or PARK8 genes, Parkinson disease patients without known mutations […]

Frequency of peri-intraventricular hemorrhage and its associated factors in premature newborns

Evelyn Arrais Guzman, José Ricardo Dias Bertagnon, Yara Juliano

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1632

ABSTRACTObjective:To identify the frequency of intracranial hemorrhage and its associated factors in premature newborns.Methods:A cross-sectional study based on a survey of medical records of premature neonates submitted to transfontanellar ultrasound at a hospital located in a southern neighborhood of the city of São Paulo, in 2007.Results:A 50% rate of intracranial hemorrhage was found among premature newborns submitted to transfontanellar ultrasound, and 15.35% among all premature babies born in this hospital in 2007. The statistically significant factors associated to intracranial hemorrhage […]

Timing of initial surfactant treatment in very low birth weight newborns

Celso Moura Rebello, Luciene Ferreira do Amaral Nacif, Alice D´Agostini Deutsch, Ângela Tavares Paes

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1758

ABSTRACTObjective:To correlate the timing of treatment using exogenous surfactant with the main variables related to respiratory distress syndrome or prematurity.Methods:A historic cohort study between January 1, 2004 and June 30, 2007, including very low birth weight newborns (birth weight

Research knowledge in undergraduate school in Brazil: a comparison between medical and law students

Antonio José Souza Reis Filho, Bruno Bezerril Andrade, Vitor Rosa Ramos de Mendonça, Manoel Barral-Netto

DOI: 10.1590/s1679-45082010ao1702

ABSTRACTObjective:Exposure to science education during college may affect a student’s profile, and research experience may be associated with better professional performance. We hypothesized that the impact of research experience obtained during graduate study differs among professional curricula and among graduate courses.Methods:A validated multiple-choice questionnaire concerning scientific concepts was given to students in the first and fourth years of medical and law school at a public Brazilian educational institution.Results:Medical students participated more frequently in introductory scientific programs than law students, and […]

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