561 results

Procalcitonin in patients with influenza A (H1N1) infection and acute respiratory failure

Péricles Almeida Delfino Duarte, Carla Sakuma de Oliveira Bredt, Gerson Luís Bredt Jr, Amaury César Jorge, Alisson Venazzi, Leônidas Gustavo Tondo, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082011AO1878

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify serum procalcitonin levels of patients with acute respiratory failure secondary to influenza A (H1N1) upon their admission to the Intensive Care Unit and to compare these results to values found in patients with sepsis and trauma admitted to the same unit. Methods: Analysis of records of patients infected with influenza A (H1N1) and respiratory failure admitted to the General Intensive Care Unit during in a period of 60 days. The values of serum procalcitonin and clinical […]

Potentially inappropriate medication prescribed to elderly outpatients at a general medicine unit

Christine Grützmann Faustino, Milton de Arruda Martins, Wilson Jacob Filho

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082011AO1844

ABSTRACT Objective: To establish the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications prescribed for elderly patients, to identify the most commonly involved drugs, and to investigate whether age, sex and number of medications were related with the prescription of these drugs. Methods: Prescriptions for 1,800 elderly patients (≥ 60 years) were gathered from a database. These prescriptions were written by general physicians at a tertiary level university hospital in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, from February to May 2008. Only one […]

Impact of a program to promote health and quality of life of elderly

Silvia Affini Borsoi Tamai, Sergio Márcio Pacheco Paschoal, Julio Litvoc, Adriana Nunes Machado, Pedro Kallas Curiati, Luis Felipe Prada, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082011AO1759

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effect on quality of life of elderly people enrolled in GAMIA – Multidisciplinary Care Group to Outpatient Elderly Subjects (Grupo de Assistência Multidisciplinar ao Idoso Ambulatorial) of the Geriatric Department, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo. Methods: Between 2000 and 2002, 83 elderly participants of GAMIA were assessed by the World Health Organization Quality of Life scale (WHOQOL-bref) at the beginning and the end of the program. Functionality was assessed by […]

Habituation of the blink reflex in the neonatal period and development of auditory processing

Celina Rech Maggi, Luciane da Costa Pacheco, Tânia Tochetto, Maiara Santos Gonçalves, Fleming Salvador Pedroso

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082011AO1498

ABSTRACT Objective: To check the existence of an association between the presence/absence of the blink reflex habituation in the neonatal period and auditory processing development. Methods: The occurrence of blink reflex habituation was studied in 33 neurologically normal neonates, aged between 9 and 25 months, who had their behavioral responses analyzed and classified according to Azevedo (1993). Habituation of the blink reflex was verified using 90-dB sound stimulus. The stage of auditory processing development was evaluated through 41-dB sound stimulus. […]

Immunological induction with thymoglobulin: reduction in the number of doses in renal transplant from deceased donor

Lucio Roberto Requião Moura, Eduardo José Tonato, Érika Arruda Ferraz, Thiago Corsi Filliponi, Rogério Chinen, Ana Cristina Carvalho Matos, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082011AO1838

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare three different regimens of thymoglobulin induction. Methods: One hundred seventy two patients submitted to renal transplantation from a dead donor were divided into three groups according to the total number of thymoglobulin doses used in the post-transplantation surgery: Group 1, until 14 doses – May 2002 to June 2004 (n = 48); Group 2, until 7 doses – July 2004 to December 2006 (n = 57); Group 3, until 4 doses – January 2007 to July […]

Role of adipose tissue-derived stem cells in the progression of renal disease

Cassiano Donizetti-Oliveira, Patricia Semedo, Marina Burgos-Silva, Marco Antonio Cenedeze, Denise Maria Avancini Costa Malheiros, Marlene Antônia dos Reis, [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082011AO1833

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the role of adipose tissue-derived stem cells in reducing the progression of renal fibrosis. Methods: adipose tissue-derived stem cells were isolated from C57Bl/6 mice and characterized by cytometry and differentiation. Renal fibrosis was established after unilateral clamping of the renal pedicle for 1 hour. Four hours after reperfusion, 2.105 adipose tissue-derived stem cells were administered intraperitoneally and the animals were followed for 24 hours during 6 weeks. In another experimental group, 2.105 adipose tissue-derived stem cells […]

Sterilization of single-use helical stone baskets: an experimental study

Fernando Korkes, Alex Menezes, Cely Barreto da Silva, Roni de Carvalho Fernandes, Marjo Deninson Cardenuto Perez

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082011AO1762

ABSTRACT Objectives: To experimentally evaluate the efficacy of a standard sterilization protocol employed during reuse of disposable helical stone baskets. Methods: Study performed on 20 helical stone baskets: 10 were used in the initial validation process, contaminated with Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 and imprinted on Müeller-Hinton media; 10 catheters were contaminated with Geobacillus stearothermophilus ATCC 7953, processed, inoculated in TSB and incubated in a water bath at a temperature of 55°C. Bacterial growth was evaluated after 1, 3, 5 and […]

Adductor pollicis muscle and hand grip strength: potential methods of nutritional assessment in outpatients with stroke

Débora Rocha Oliveira, Vera Silvia Frangella

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1763

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness of different methods used for nutritional assessment of outpatients who had hemiplegic stroke. Methods: A cross-section study with adult and elderly patients of both genders enrolled in a rehabilitation center. The analyzed variables were anthropometric measurements, bioelectrical impedance, hand grip strength and thickness of the adductor pollicis muscle. The Pearson χ2 test was used to check the association between variables with a significance level of α = 5%. Results: When evaluating the […]

Amount of tobacco consumption is associated with superficial bladder cancer progression

Fernando Korkes, César Augusto Braz Juliano, Maria Alice Peluso Bunduky, Ana Carolina Duarte Martins Costa, Marilia Germanos de Castro

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1751

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the association between smoking habits and outcome of patients with superficial bladder cancer. Methods: A retrospective study was performed evaluating 99 patients (67.0 ± 13.2 years, ranging from 31.4-93.4 years, 72.7% males and 27.3% females) treated at our institution with non muscle-invasive bladder cancer, between 1994 and 2000, with a mean follow-up of 49.3 months (range 4.0-177.9 months). Patients were divided according to smoking status, and the main measured outcome was progression to invasive disease. Additional […]

Congenital malformations in newborns of alcoholic mothers

Maria dos Anjos Mesquita, Conceição Aparecida de Mattos Segre

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082010AO1880

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the presence of fetal alcohol syndrome, other alcohol-related congenital defects, and/or neurodevelopment disorders in newborns of mothers who consumed alcohol during gestation. Methods: In a public maternity in the city of São Paulo, 1,964 puerperal women were interviewed and 654 had consumed alcohol at some point during gestation. The newborns were clinically and laboratorially examined in order to identify the occurrence of fetal alcohol syndrome, congenital defects or neurodevelopment disorders related to alcohol. Results: Three children […]

1 48 49 50 51 52 57