536 results

Nurse work environment: comparison between private and public hospitals

Bárbara Sharon Maia Pires ORCID logo , Luana Zétula Fernandes de Oliveira ORCID logo , Cibele Leite Siqueira ORCID logo , Liliane Bauer Feldman ORCID logo , Ramon Antônio Oliveira ORCID logo , Renata Cristina Gasparino ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4322

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the characteristics of the work environment that enable the professional practice of nurses in private and public organizations. Methods A quantitative, exploratory, cross-section study, carried out in four health organizations – one public and three private, with 188 registered nurses. Participants answered the Brazilian version of the Nursing Work Index − Revised, which aims to evaluate the presence of characteristics that favor the development of nursing activities through 15 items distributed into three subscales: autonomy, control […]

Suitability of new drugs registered in Brazil from 2003 to 2013 for pediatric age groups

Jaqueline Cristina da Silveira Xavier e Castro ORCID logo , Stephanie Ferreira Botelho ORCID logo , Taisa Roberta Lopes Machado ORCID logo , Maria Auxiliadora Parreiras Martins ORCID logo , Liliana Batista Vieira ORCID logo , Adriano Max Moreira Reis ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4354

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze suitability of new drugs registered in Brazil from 2003 to 2013 for pediatric age groups. Methods A descriptive study of drugs with pediatric indication included in a retrospective cohort of new drugs registered in Brazil. The evaluation of drug suitability for the pediatric age group was performed using the following criteria: suitability of dosage form and capacity to deliver the recommended dose. The drugs were considered adequate for the pediatric age groups when they met both […]

Indications, clinical outcomes and complications of 1,949 flexible bronchoscopies

Altair da Silva Costa Jr ORCID logo , Paulo Rogerio Scordamaglio ORCID logo , Iunis Suzuki ORCID logo , Addy Lidvina Mejia Palomino ORCID logo , Marcia Jacomelli ORCID logo

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4380

ABSTRACT Objective To describe indications, clinical outcomes and complications of flexible bronchoscopy. Methods A descriptive observational study of bronchoscopies performed at the endoscopy service of Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein . Demographic (age, gender and origin) and medical (indications and results of endoscopy and diagnostic tests, such as biopsy collection, lavage, cytology and culture) data were analyzed. Electronic medical records with incomplete data or reporting interventional procedures were excluded. Results Over a three-year period (2013 to 2016), a total of 1,949 […]

Profile of medical students in the first group of the Faculdade Israelita de Ciências da Saúde Albert Einstein

Ângela Tavares Paes ORCID logo , Bruna de Freitas Dias ORCID logo , Giulia Nicolucci Eleutério ORCID logo , Vitória Penido de Paula ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4228

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe first medical students’ profile of the Faculdade Israelita de Ciências da Saúde Albert Einstein. Methods: Data were collected using an electronic questionnaire during the Biostatistics course in August of 2016. The students were inquired about demographic characteristics, data on their secondary education and college entrance exams, practice of physical exercise, leisure activities done, to have a physician in the family, and specialty that they intended to pursue as a career. Results: Most of the students were […]

What do physicians know about homosexuality? Translation and adaptation of Knowledge about Homosexuality Questionnaire

Renata Corrêa-Ribeiro ORCID logo , Fabio Iglesias ORCID logo , Einstein Francisco Camargos ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4252

ABSTRACT Objective: To adapt the Knowledge about Homosexuality Questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese, and to assess knowledge of heterosexual physicians on homosexuality. Methods: The following steps for cultural adaptation were made: translation by two independent evaluators, translation synthesis, and evaluation of semantic properties by the target population, followed by the development of a pilot study and administration of the instrument to 224 heterosexual physicians working in the Brazilian Federal District. Results: The mean number of correct answers in the questionnaire was […]

Factors associated with hospital admissions due to hypertension

Rosimery Cruz de Oliveira Dantas ORCID logo , João Paulo Teixeira da Silva ORCID logo , Davidson Cruz de Oliveira Dantas ORCID logo , Ângelo Giuseppe Roncalli ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4283

ABSTRACT Objective: To study the temporality of hospital admissions due to arterial hypertension and its associated factors. Methods: An ecological study with secondary data on hospital admissions due to essential arterial hypertension – ICD 10, from the Hospital Information System, the Mortality Information System and and the Primary Care Information System, between 2010 and 2015. Descriptive analysis using means, proportions and linear regression. Results: We recorded 493,299 hospitalizations due to arterial hypertension from 2010 to 2015, with an average annual […]

Analysis of the muscle tissue of Wistar rats submitted to the sciatic nerve compression model and cryotherapy

Jhenifer Karvat ORCID logo , Camila Mayumi Martin Kakihata ORCID logo , Lizyana Vieira ORCID logo , José Luis da Conceição Silva ORCID logo , Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro ORCID logo , Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4206

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effects of right sciatic nerve compression and cryotherapy on muscle tissue. Methods: We used 42 male Wistar rats, subdivided in the following Groups Control, Injury 3, Injury 8 and Injury 15 submitted to nerve compression and euthanized in the 3rd, 8th and 15th day after surgery. The Cryotherapy Injury 3 was entailed treatment with cryotherapy by immersion of the animal in recipient for 20 minutes during 1 day, then animals were euthanized at the 3rd […]

Sexual behaviors: study in the youth

Patrícia Sofia Ferreira Miranda ORCID logo , Joana Margarida Gonçalves Aquino ORCID logo , Ricardo Miguel Patrício de Carvalho Monteiro ORCID logo , Maria dos Anjos Coelho Rodrigues Dixe ORCID logo , Alexandra Maria Branco da Luz ORCID logo , Pascoal Moleiro ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4265

ABSTRACT Objective: To characterize sexual behaviors in a sample of adolescents and youth. Methods: An analytical descriptive study using a questionnaire about sexual behaviors, adapted from the World Health Organization. It was distributed to students from a Portuguese city aged 14-24 years, during two months. Two age groups were defined: G1 – students aged 14-19 years; G2 – aged 20-24 years. Results: The sample included 2,369 students, 61% females and 70% in G1. The mean age of first sexual intercourse […]

Types and frequency of errors in the preparation and administration of drugs

Josiane Ribeiro Mendes ORCID logo , Maria Carolina Barbosa Teixeira Lopes ORCID logo , Cássia Regina Vancini-Campanharo ORCID logo , Meiry Fernanda Pinto Okuno ORCID logo , Ruth Ester Assayag Batista ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4146

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify compatibility, types and frequency of errors in preparation and administration of intravenous drugs. Methods: A cross-sectional and descriptive study performed at the emergency department of a university hospital in the city of São Paulo (SP). The sample consisted of 303 observations of the preparation and administration of intravenous drugs by nursing aides, nursing technicians and registered nurses, using a systematized script, similar to a checklist. The following variables were collected: errors related to dispensing, omission, schedule, […]

Latent tuberculosis infection and tuberculosis in children and adolescents

Cassia Satsuki Ishikawa ORCID logo , Olivia Mari Matsuo ORCID logo , Flavio Sarno ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4090

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the characteristics of patients diagnosed with tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection. Methods: A retrospective study, between 2012 and 2015, with data from patients of Programa Einstein na Comunidade de Paraisópolis. To evaluate possible factors associated with patient’s sex and diagnoses of tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection, χ2 or Fisher’s exact tests were used for qualitative variables, and Mann-Whitney test for quantitative or ordinal qualitative variables. Results: A total of 77 patients were evaluated. Age ranged from […]

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