524 results

Comparative study of transepidermal water loss in patients with and without hyperhidrosis by closed-chamber measurer in an air-conditioned environment

Andre Miotto ORCID logo , Pedro Augusto Antunes Honda ORCID logo , Thiago Gangi Bachichi ORCID logo , Caio Santos Holanda ORCID logo , Ernesto Evangelista Neto ORCID logo , João Alessio Juliano Perfeito ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.31744/einstein_journal/2018AO4312

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the difference in transepidermal water loss in patients diagnosed with hyperhidrosis and healthy subjects, in an air-conditioned environment. Methods Twenty patients diagnosed with hyperhidrosis and 20 healthy subjects were subjected to quantitative assessment using a closed-chamber device, in six previously established sites. Results The measurements showed different transepidermal water loss values for healthy subjects and patients with hyperhidrosis, especially in the hands and feet. In the Control Group, the median for the hands was 46.4g/m2/hour (p25: […]

Profile of medical students in the first group of the Faculdade Israelita de Ciências da Saúde Albert Einstein

Ângela Tavares Paes ORCID logo , Bruna de Freitas Dias ORCID logo , Giulia Nicolucci Eleutério ORCID logo , Vitória Penido de Paula ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4228

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe first medical students’ profile of the Faculdade Israelita de Ciências da Saúde Albert Einstein. Methods: Data were collected using an electronic questionnaire during the Biostatistics course in August of 2016. The students were inquired about demographic characteristics, data on their secondary education and college entrance exams, practice of physical exercise, leisure activities done, to have a physician in the family, and specialty that they intended to pursue as a career. Results: Most of the students were […]

What do physicians know about homosexuality? Translation and adaptation of Knowledge about Homosexuality Questionnaire

Renata Corrêa-Ribeiro ORCID logo , Fabio Iglesias ORCID logo , Einstein Francisco Camargos ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4252

ABSTRACT Objective: To adapt the Knowledge about Homosexuality Questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese, and to assess knowledge of heterosexual physicians on homosexuality. Methods: The following steps for cultural adaptation were made: translation by two independent evaluators, translation synthesis, and evaluation of semantic properties by the target population, followed by the development of a pilot study and administration of the instrument to 224 heterosexual physicians working in the Brazilian Federal District. Results: The mean number of correct answers in the questionnaire was […]

Factors associated with hospital admissions due to hypertension

Rosimery Cruz de Oliveira Dantas ORCID logo , João Paulo Teixeira da Silva ORCID logo , Davidson Cruz de Oliveira Dantas ORCID logo , Ângelo Giuseppe Roncalli ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4283

ABSTRACT Objective: To study the temporality of hospital admissions due to arterial hypertension and its associated factors. Methods: An ecological study with secondary data on hospital admissions due to essential arterial hypertension – ICD 10, from the Hospital Information System, the Mortality Information System and and the Primary Care Information System, between 2010 and 2015. Descriptive analysis using means, proportions and linear regression. Results: We recorded 493,299 hospitalizations due to arterial hypertension from 2010 to 2015, with an average annual […]

Analysis of the muscle tissue of Wistar rats submitted to the sciatic nerve compression model and cryotherapy

Jhenifer Karvat ORCID logo , Camila Mayumi Martin Kakihata ORCID logo , Lizyana Vieira ORCID logo , José Luis da Conceição Silva ORCID logo , Lucinéia de Fátima Chasko Ribeiro ORCID logo , Rose Meire Costa Brancalhão ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4206

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effects of right sciatic nerve compression and cryotherapy on muscle tissue. Methods: We used 42 male Wistar rats, subdivided in the following Groups Control, Injury 3, Injury 8 and Injury 15 submitted to nerve compression and euthanized in the 3rd, 8th and 15th day after surgery. The Cryotherapy Injury 3 was entailed treatment with cryotherapy by immersion of the animal in recipient for 20 minutes during 1 day, then animals were euthanized at the 3rd […]

Sexual behaviors: study in the youth

Patrícia Sofia Ferreira Miranda ORCID logo , Joana Margarida Gonçalves Aquino ORCID logo , Ricardo Miguel Patrício de Carvalho Monteiro ORCID logo , Maria dos Anjos Coelho Rodrigues Dixe ORCID logo , Alexandra Maria Branco da Luz ORCID logo , Pascoal Moleiro ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4265

ABSTRACT Objective: To characterize sexual behaviors in a sample of adolescents and youth. Methods: An analytical descriptive study using a questionnaire about sexual behaviors, adapted from the World Health Organization. It was distributed to students from a Portuguese city aged 14-24 years, during two months. Two age groups were defined: G1 – students aged 14-19 years; G2 – aged 20-24 years. Results: The sample included 2,369 students, 61% females and 70% in G1. The mean age of first sexual intercourse […]

Types and frequency of errors in the preparation and administration of drugs

Josiane Ribeiro Mendes ORCID logo , Maria Carolina Barbosa Teixeira Lopes ORCID logo , Cássia Regina Vancini-Campanharo ORCID logo , Meiry Fernanda Pinto Okuno ORCID logo , Ruth Ester Assayag Batista ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4146

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify compatibility, types and frequency of errors in preparation and administration of intravenous drugs. Methods: A cross-sectional and descriptive study performed at the emergency department of a university hospital in the city of São Paulo (SP). The sample consisted of 303 observations of the preparation and administration of intravenous drugs by nursing aides, nursing technicians and registered nurses, using a systematized script, similar to a checklist. The following variables were collected: errors related to dispensing, omission, schedule, […]

Latent tuberculosis infection and tuberculosis in children and adolescents

Cassia Satsuki Ishikawa ORCID logo , Olivia Mari Matsuo ORCID logo , Flavio Sarno ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4090

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the characteristics of patients diagnosed with tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection. Methods: A retrospective study, between 2012 and 2015, with data from patients of Programa Einstein na Comunidade de Paraisópolis. To evaluate possible factors associated with patient’s sex and diagnoses of tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection, χ2 or Fisher’s exact tests were used for qualitative variables, and Mann-Whitney test for quantitative or ordinal qualitative variables. Results: A total of 77 patients were evaluated. Age ranged from […]

Trends in surgical treatment of femoral neck fractures in the elderly

Eva Jolanda Irene Lehtonen ORCID logo , Robert Davis Stibolt Jr ORCID logo , Walter Smith ORCID logo , Bradley Wills ORCID logo , Martim Correia Pinto ORCID logo , Gerald McGwin Jr ORCID logo , [...]

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4351

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze recent demographic and medical billing trends in treatment of femoral neck fracture of American elderly patients. Methods The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was analyzed from 2006 to 2015, for patients aged 65 years and older, using the Current Procedural Terminology codes 27130, 27125, 27235, and 27236. Patient demographics, postoperative complications, and frequency of codes were compared and analyzed over time. Our sample had 17,122 elderly patients, in that, 70% were […]

Fracture risk assessment in home care patients using the FRAX® tool

Vitor Moraes Rocha ORCID logo , Heloisa Amaral Gaspar ORCID logo , Claudio Flauzino de Oliveira ORCID logo

DOI: 10.1590/S1679-45082018AO4236

ABSTRACT Objective To assess the ten-year risk of hip and osteoporotic fracture in home care patients using the FRAX® tool. Methods A retrospective, cross-sectional observational study including patients aged ≥ 40 and ≤ 90 years and receiving home care from a private provider. The risk of fracture was calculated using an online calculator. High risk was defined as risk of hip fracture greater than 3% or risk of osteoporotic fracture greater than 20%. Data were expressed as absolute number (n), […]

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