All publications of “Luiz Augusto Franco de Andrade”2 results
Levodopa versus non-levodopa brain language fMRI in Parkinson’s disease
Objective:To identify the effect of levodopa in language areas in Parkinson’s disease patients.METHODS:We evaluated 50 patients with mild to moderate Parkinson’s disease, age and gender paired to 47 healthy volunteers. We selected two homogeneous groups of 18 patients taking levodopa and 7 no levodopa patients. The functional magnetic resonance imaging verbal fluency task, with low and high cognitive demands, was performed at a 3T magnetic resonance imaging equipment. Data was analyzed with XBAM software for group maps and ANOVA comparison.RESULTS:Patients […]
Transcranial sonography in Parkinson’s disease
Transcranial sonography has become a useful tool in the differential diagnosis of parkinsonian syndromes. This is a non-invasive, low cost procedure. The main finding on transcranial sonography in patients with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease is an increased echogenicity of the mesencephalic substantia nigra region. This hyperechogenicity is present in more than 90% of cases, and reflects a dysfunction in the dopaminergic nigrostriatal pathway. This study discussed how the hyperechogenicity of the substantia nigra may facilitate the differential diagnosis of parkinsonian syndromes.